Sengar

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Sengar are a clan of Rajputs.[1] They are mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh states of India.[citation needed]

The area of Lateri in present-day Madhya Pradesh was once ruled by the Sengars, whose livelihood was derived primarily from looting and plundering and was reflected in the name of their capital, Looteri.[2] In what is now Uttar Pradesh, the principal town of the Lakhnesar pargana during the medieval period was Rasra.[3] When the Sengars opposed British activities in 1812, Colonel Martindell came with a troupe of sepoys to quell them, but the Sengars attacked the marching sepoys on Great Deccan Road and several sepoys were killed. The Senegars then plundered the area. This act of attacking British forces by Sengars is categorised as a part of freedom movement.[4]

In eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Bundelkhand, an area that is now split between the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, the Sengars were among those communities that practised infanticide and, in particular, female infanticide.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stokes, Eric (1980). The Peasant and the Raj: Studies in Agrarian Society and Peasant Rebellion in Colonial India. Cambridge University Press. p. 78. ISBN 9780521297707. 
  2. ^ Jain, Ajit Kumar (1993). Marketing in an Agricultural Region: A Geographical Study of Periodic Markets in Vidisha Plateau, Madhya Pradesh. Northern Book Centre. p. 12. ISBN 9788172110345. 
  3. ^ Singh, Kashi N. (June 1968). "The Territorial Basis of Medieval Town and Village Settlement in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India". Annals of the Association of American Geographers 58 (2): 203–220. JSTOR 2561611.  (subscription required)
  4. ^ Siddiqui, A.U. (2004). Indian Freedom Movement in Princely States of Vindhya Pradesh. New Delhi: Northern Book Centre. p. 33. ISBN 9788172111502. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Mukharya, P. S.; Shrivastava, R. C. (1990). "Cultural History of Bundelkhand during Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries". In Kusuman, K. K.; Menon, A. Sreedhara. A Panorama of Indian Culture: Professor A. Sreedhara Menon Felicitation Volume. Mittal Publications. p. 143. ISBN 9788170992141. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Kumar, Dharma; Desai, Meghnad, eds. (1989) [1983]. The Cambridge Economic History of India. 2, C.1751-C.1970 (Reprinted ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 36–40, 56. ISBN 9780521228022. 
  • Stokes, Eric (1975). "Agrarian Society and the Pax Britannica in Northern India in the Early Nineteenth Century". Modern Asian Studies (Cambridge University Press) 9 (4): 505–528. JSTOR 312079.  (subscription required)