The Shasta people were originally located in the greater Shasta Valley and Upper Klamath River/Scott Valley area of Siskiyou County as well as the Bear Creek Valley/Upper Applegate and Illinois River tributaries [Jackson County, OR], near such modern communities as Yreka, California and Ashland, Oregon.
Generally included with the Shasta tribe proper, are a number of adjacent smaller tribes who spoke a related Shastan language. These related tribes include the Konomihu, New River Shasta and the Okwanuchu tribes.
The Shasta tribe is not a separatefederally recognized tribe, although most of the Oregon and California Shasta were removed to and are currently enrolled members of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon, and a portion of the Chasta of Oregon are now part of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon. Many former members of the Shasta tribe have since been inducted into the Karuk and Alturas tribes. Some descendants who are not enrolled with another Tribe are currently petitioning the government to recognize their separate tribal status.
Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. (See Population of Native California.) Alfred L. Kroeber (1925:883) put the 1770 population of the Shasta proper as 2,000 and the New River, Konomihu, and Okwanuchu groups, along with the Chimariko, as 1,000. In the 1940s, Sherburne F. Cook arrived at a similar estimate of about 3,300, but he subsequently raised the figure to 5,900 (Cook 1976a:177, 1976b:6).
Kroeber estimated the population of the Shasta proper in 1910 as 100.
- Shasta traditional narratives
- State of Jefferson, an historical region with significant overlap with the lands of the Shasta.
♮ Cook, Sherburne F. 1976a. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley. ♮ Cook, Sherburne F. 1976b. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley. ♮Dixon, Roland Burrage (1907). The Huntington California expedition: the Shasta. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 24 August 2012. ♮ Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C.
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