Sherwood, Oregon

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Sherwood, Oregon
City
Building in downtown
Building in downtown
Nickname(s): Smockville
Motto: Home of the Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°21′25″N 122°50′36″W / 45.35694°N 122.84333°W / 45.35694; -122.84333Coordinates: 45°21′25″N 122°50′36″W / 45.35694°N 122.84333°W / 45.35694; -122.84333
Country United States
State Oregon
County Washington
Incorporated 1893
Government
 • Type Mayor Council City Manager
 • Mayor Bill Middleton
Area[1]
 • Total 4.31 sq mi (11.16 km2)
 • Land 4.31 sq mi (11.16 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 193 ft (58.8 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 18,194
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 18,771
 • Density 4,221.3/sq mi (1,629.9/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97140
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-67100[4]
GNIS feature ID 1126877[5]
Website www.ci.sherwood.or.us

Sherwood is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States. Located in the southeast corner of the county, it is a residential community in the Tualatin Valley southwest of Portland. The population was 11,791 at the 2000 census. According to the 2010 census, the population was 18,205 residents. Indirectly named for the Sherwood Forest in England, it was first incorporated in 1893 as a town.

History[edit]

What is now the Sherwood area was originally inhabited by the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya nation. The first significant wave of United States emigrants arrived in 1842.[6] Native Americans were relocated to reservations after the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850-5 gave American citizens exclusive ownership of these lands. The relocation process took place under the guidance of a series of federal employees, most notably Superintendent of Indian Affairs Joel Palmer, who was severely criticized for his humane treatment of the tribes.[citation needed]

The California Gold Rush of 1849 caused a dramatic shift in the area's economy.[citation needed] Oregon City, Oregon is located on a stretch of the Willamette River that had always been attractive to trade since prehistoric times, when trading activity was dominated by the Chinookan tribe.[citation needed] When settlers of European extraction began arriving in large numbers, Oregon City became (arguably) the "End of the Oregon Trail". After the Gold Rush, however, Portland, Oregon replaced Oregon City as the area's most important center of trade and commerce.[citation needed] Sherwood is located within twenty miles (32 km) of both cities.

Sherwood downtown from the corner of Railroad and Main looking north

The name "Sherwood" arose from a declination of naming the town "Smock Ville" after its co-founders James Christopher and Mary Ellen Smock.[citation needed] In 1885, the Smocks gave a right-of-way on their property to the Portland and Willamette Valley Railway. The Smocks platted the town in 1889, the same year rail service began. Tradition has it that no one, not even the town's founders, liked the name "Smock Ville," and so a public meeting was held to rename the town.[citation needed] A prominent businessman, Robert Alexander, suggested the name "Sherwood." According to post office records, Alexander was from Sherwood, Michigan, and this was the town that was named after Sherwood Forest England. The U.S. Postal Department began sending mail to the Town of Sherwood, Oregon on July 5, 1891. Smock was the first postmaster. The Town of Sherwood was incorporated under Oregon Senate Bill 36 in 1893.[7]

The main industry in the 1890s was a pressed brick yard which closed in 1896, a victim of the deep recession of 1893.[8] The Klondike Gold Rush of 1897 revived Sherwood's economy.[citation needed] In 2007, Money placed Sherwood among the twenty most livable towns in America.[citation needed] In August 2009, Family Circle named the city one of America's most "family friendly" small towns.[citation needed]

The population of the city in 1911 was 350 within a 1-square-mile (2.6 km2) city limit.[citation needed] In 2004, the population had grown to 14,050 people and 4.5 square miles (12 km2).[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.16 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate data for Sherwood, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 49
(9)
53
(12)
58
(14)
63
(17)
69
(21)
75
(24)
81
(27)
81
(27)
77
(25)
65
(18)
54
(12)
47
(8)
64.3
(17.8)
Average low °F (°C) 35
(2)
35
(2)
38
(3)
41
(5)
46
(8)
50
(10)
54
(12)
54
(12)
50
(10)
43
(6)
38
(3)
34
(1)
43.2
(6.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 6.11
(155.2)
4.62
(117.3)
4.06
(103.1)
2.99
(75.9)
2.29
(58.2)
1.77
(45)
.56
(14.2)
.64
(16.3)
1.39
(35.3)
3.12
(79.2)
6.36
(161.5)
6.82
(173.2)
40.73
(1,034.4)
Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 111
1910 115 3.6%
1920 320 178.3%
1930 382 19.4%
1940 447 17.0%
1950 575 28.6%
1960 680 18.3%
1970 1,396 105.3%
1980 2,386 70.9%
1990 3,093 29.6%
2000 11,791 281.2%
2010 18,194 54.3%
Est. 2012 18,771 3.2%
Sources:[10] [11][12][13][4][14]
Modern houses along 99 West

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 18,194 people, 6,316 households, and 4,857 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,221.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,629.9 /km2). There were 6,569 housing units at an average density of 1,524.1 per square mile (588.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.5% White, 0.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

There were 6,316 households of which 49.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.1% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.31.

The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 33.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 6.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census[4], there were 11,791 people, 4,253 households, and 3,300 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,895.5 people per square mile (1,118.6/km²). There were 4,412 housing units at an average density of 1,083.4 per square mile (418.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.36% White, 0.43% African American, 0.51% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more ethnicity. Hispanic or Latino of any ethnicity were 4.72% of the population.

There were 4,253 households out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 41.2% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $62,518, and the median income for a family was $67,277. Males had a median income of $47,920 versus $33,657 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,793. About 1.5% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

The library in downtown

Sherwood has four elementary schools (J. Clyde Hopkins, Middleton, Archer Glen, Edy Ridge), two middle schools (Sherwood Middle School, Laurel Ridge), and one high school, Sherwood High School, in the Sherwood School District. Each elementary school holds around 600 students, Laurel Ridge has about 450 students, Sherwood Middle School has about 1000 students, and the high school has an enrollment of approximately 1300 students. The Sherwood School District also sponsors a program for at-risk youth in high school, and has an alternative school for teens having problems with the abuse of drugs or alcohol, and also caters to students in trouble with law enforcement. Within the confines of the city, there is also a private grade-school, as well as a private religious school.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ http://www.clydeburger.com/map/subset/documents/charter1893.htm Oregon Senate Bill 36
  8. ^ http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/whitten.panic.1893
  9. ^ "Monthly Averages for Sherwood, OR (97140)". Weather.com. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Population-Oregon". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population-Oregon". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]