Sophie of Pomerania

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For other people named Sophie of Pomerania, see Sophie of Pomerania (disambiguation).
Sophie of Pomerania
Dronning-Sophie.jpg
Queen consort of Denmark and Norway
Tenure 1523–1533
Coronation 13 August 1525
Spouse Frederick I of Denmark
Issue John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Haderslev
Elizabeth, Duchess of Mecklenburg
Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Anne
Dorothea, Duchess of Mecklenburg
Frederick, Bishop of Hildesheim and Schleswig
House House of Griffins
Father Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania
Mother Anna Jagiellon
Born c. 1498
Stettin (Szczecin)
Died 13 May 1568
Kiel
Burial Schleswig Cathedral
Religion Roman Catholicism
Plön Castle after its renovation in 2006; from the southwest with the Großer Plöner See in the foreground. The Kiel-Lübeck railway runs along its banks.

Sophie of Pomerania (1498–1568) was queen of Denmark and Norway as the spouse of Frederick I. She is known for her independent rule over her fiefs Lolland and Falster, the castles in Kiel and Plön, and several villages in Holsten as queen.

Life[edit]

Born in Stettin (Szczecin) into the House of Pomerania, she was the daughter of Duke Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast and the Polish princess Anna Jagiellon.

After the death of his first spouse Anna of Brandenburg in 1514, she married the future Frederick I of Denmark. Not much is known about her personality. She is not known to have played any political role. She is thought to have been interested in religion: a German psalm, «Gott ist mein Heil, mein Hülf und Trost», is believed to have been written by her.

Sophie became queen consort of Denmark and Norway upon the ascension of her spouse to the throne in 1523. She was crowned 13 August 1525. At her coronation, she was granted Lolland and Falster, the castles in Kiel and Plön, and several villages in Holsten for her income. In 1526, Anne Meinstrup was appointed head lady-in-waiting for her court. Queen Sophie did not live at the Danish court as queen, but resided separated from her spouse on her property in Kiel, and treated her estates as her private independent fiefs, which caused disagreements with her spouse during his reign. The conflicts continued during the reign of his successors and until her death.

In 1533, she became a widow and moved to the castle of Gottorp with her children, avaiting the outcome of the election of the new king. During the Count's Feud 1533–36, her estates was occupied. In 1538, the new king asked her to leave Gottorp because of the costs and reside in Kiel. She demanded the right to rule independently over her fiefs, but was in 1540 forced to accept the superiority of the king.

Issue[edit]

She had six children:

  1. Duke John of Holstein-Haderslev (28 June 1521 – 2 October 1580)
  2. Elizabeth (14 October 1524 – 15 October 1586), married:
    1. on 26 August 1543 to Duke Magnus of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    2. on 14 February 1556 to Duke Ulrich III of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
  3. Duke Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp (25 January 1526 – 1 October 1586)
  4. Anne (1527 – 4 June 1535)
  5. Dorothea (1528 – 11 November 1575), married on 27 October 1573 to Duke Christof of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
  6. Frederick, Bishop of Hildesheim and Schleswig (13 April 1532 – 27 October 1556).

Ancestry[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Politikens bog om Danske monarker, af Benito Scocozza, 1997
  • Danske dronninger i tusind år, af Steffen Heiberg, 2000

References[edit]

Sophie of Pomerania
Born: circa 1498 Died: 13 May 1568
Danish royalty
Preceded by
Isabella of Austria
Queen consort of Denmark and Norway
1523–1533
Succeeded by
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg