Ingrid of Sweden

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Ingrid of Sweden
Ingrid2queenconsortofdenmark.jpg
Queen consort of Denmark
Tenure 20 April 1947 – 14 January 1972
Spouse Frederick IX of Denmark
Issue Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark
Benedikte, Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
Anne-Marie, Queen of the Hellenes
House House of Bernadotte
Father Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
Mother Princess Margaret of Connaught
Born (1910-03-28)28 March 1910
Stockholm, Sweden
Died 7 November 2000(2000-11-07) (aged 90)
Fredensborg Palace, Fredensborg, Denmark
Burial Roskilde Cathedral

Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta of Sweden (28 March 1910 – 7 November 2000) was Queen of Denmark from 1947 until 1972 as the wife of King Frederick IX. Her daughters are Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, Princess Benedikte of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece.

Background[edit]

The newly married royal couple running through the city, 1935

She was born in Stockholm as the third child of the future King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife, Princess Margaret of Connaught. She also was a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. She was baptised in Slottskyrkan (the Royal Chapel) in Stockholm, Sweden on 5 May 1910. Her godparents were: her paternal grandparents, King Gustav V and Queen Victoria; her paternal great-grandmother, The Dowager Queen; her maternal grandparents, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn; her paternal great-grandmother, The Dowager Grand Duchess of Baden; The Grand Duchess of Baden; The Dowager Duchess of Dalarna; The Empress of Russia; Princess Alexander of Teck; Prince Adalbert of Prussia; and The Prince of Wales.[1]

Ingrid's mother died in 1920 from meningitis while in the eighth month of her sixth pregnancy. Her father married Lady Louise Mountbatten three years later. Louise was a second cousin of Ingrid's. Only a stillborn daughter resulted from her father's second marriage. Ingrid was raised to a sense of duty and seriousness.

In 1928, Ingrid met the Prince of Wales and was seen by some as a possible wife for the heir-apparent to the British throne, who was her second cousin.[citation needed] Her mother, Margaret of Connaught, and the then-Prince of Wales' father, King George V, were first cousins, both being grandchildren of Queen Victoria.[2] However, no engagement took place.[3]

Her wedding to the Crown Prince of Denmark, was one of the greatest media events of the day in Sweden in 1935, and received so much attention that the media were criticised for it.[citation needed] Ingrid also appeared on the radio in 1935 and read a poem, something which was also given much attention.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

Princess Ingrid married Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark and Iceland, in Stockholm on 24 May 1935. They were related in several ways. As descendants of Oscar I of Sweden, they were third cousins. Through Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were third cousins. And finally through Paul I of Russia, Frederick was a fourth cousin of Ingrid's mother. She became the Queen of Denmark upon her husband's accession to the throne on 20 April 1947. The couple had three daughters:

In Denmark[edit]

Personal Standard of Queen Ingrid, introduced in 1948 and used until her death in 2000

Ingrid was well educated and interested in sports, especially horse-riding, skiing and tennis. She also got her driver's licence early.

As a Crown Princess, she was the Official Patron of the Girl Guides (1936), after having taken, and passed, the same tests all applicants were given. In 1940, before the occupation, she was the leader of the Danske Kvinders Beredskab (The Danish Women's war-effort society).[4] During the German occupation of Denmark in World War II, Ingrid, with her personal courage and integrity, influenced the Danish Royal House and its conduct in relation to the occupation forces, and won great popularity as a symbol of silent resistance and public patriotic moral. She showed solidarity toward the Danish population, and could often be seen on her bicycle or with her baby carriage on the streets of Copenhagen during the war. Her open defiance of the occupation forces made her grandfather, King Gustav of Sweden, worry about the risks, and in 1941, he sent a demand to her to be more discreet "for the sake of the dynasty" and its safety, but she reacted with anger and refused to obey, and she had the support of her spouse, who shared her views. One display of defiance shown by Ingrid was her positioning of the flags of Denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom in the window of the nursery at Amalienborg, the royal residence in the centre of Copenhagen.[citation needed]

She became queen in 1947. As such, she reformed the traditions of Danish court life, abolished many old-fashioned customs at court and created a more relaxed atmosphere at official receptions. She was interested in gardening and art, and renovated the Gråsten Slot according to her own historical research about the Palace's original appearance. In 1972, Ingrid was widowed. That same year, after having sworn to respect the Danish constitution, she was appointed Rigsforstander (formal Regent) and representative of the Monarch whenever her daughter (and later her grandsons) were absent, a task she performed on many occasions. This was exceptional; since the constitution of 1871, only the Crown Prince had been allowed to act as Regent in the absence of the Monarch. She was patron of a long line of social organizations, positions which, one after another, she eventually left to Princess Benedikte as years passed: Røde Kors, Ældre Sagen, Red Barnet, Løgum Klosters Refugium, and Fonden for Træer og Miljø. She also founded the organizations Kong Frederik og Dronning Ingrids fond til humanitære og kulturelle formål, Ingridfondet for South Jutland, Det kgl. Grønlandsfond, and Dronning Ingrids Romerske Fond til støtte af kulturelle og videnskabelige formål. She was described as dutiful, well-prepared and energetic. She learned Danish quickly. She was also a feminist [5] and felt strongly for gender equality.

Death[edit]

Queen Ingrid died on 7 November 2000 at Fredensborg Palace, Fredensborg, with her three daughters—Queen Margrethe II, Princess Benedikte and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece—and ten grandchildren at her bedside. Thousands gathered outside Amalienborg Palace, her official residence, after her death was announced; flowers were left, candles were lit and hymns were sung in her honour.[6] Her funeral took place on 14 November 2000, and Ingrid was interred next to her husband, King Frederick IX, outside Roskilde Cathedral near Copenhagen.

Ancestors[edit]

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Italian Wikipedia.
Titles
  • 28 March 1910 – 24 May 1935: Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  • 24 May 1935 – 20 April 1947: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Denmark
  • 20 April 1947 – 14 January 1972: Her Majesty The Queen of Denmark
  • 14 January 1972 – 7 November 2000: Her Majesty Queen Ingrid of Denmark
National honours
Foreign honours

Arms[edit]

Armoiries de la reine Ingrid du Danemark.svg
Marital arms of Queen Ingrid of Denmark
Royal Monogram of Queen Ingrid of Denmark.svg
Royal Monogram of Queen Ingrid of Denmark
Reine Ingrid du Danemark.svg
Ingrid's Arms as displayed in the Frederiksborg Castle in Hillerød

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Roger Lundgren, Ingrid, Prinsesse af Sverige, Dronning af Danmark, People'sPress, 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  2. ^ http://www.info.dfat.gov.au/info/historical/HistDocs.nsf/(LookupVolNoNumber)/18~128
  3. ^ http://www.info.dfat.gov.au/info/historical/HistDocs.nsf/(LookupVolNoNumber)/18~140
  4. ^ Börge Outze & Aage Svendstorp (in Swedish): 5 år i bojor. Danmark under ockupationen 1940–1945 (5 years in chains. Denmark during the occupation) Aktiebolaget boktryck (1945) Hälsingborg
  5. ^ http://www.kvinfo.dk/side/597/bio/648/origin/170/
  6. ^ Danish Queen Mother dies, BBC, 7 November 2000, retrieved 22 August 2013 
  7. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 134. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Icelandese Presidency Website , Ingrid ; drottning Danmerkur ; Danmörk ; 1970-09-02 ; Stórkross (= Ingrid, Queen of Denmùark, Denmark, 2 September 1970, Grand Cross)
  9. ^ Quirinale website
  10. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  11. ^ Persepolis
  12. ^ Badraie
  13. ^ Badraie

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Ingrid of Sweden
Born: 28 March 1910 Died: 7 November 2000
Danish royalty
Preceded by
Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Queen consort of Denmark
1947–1972
Succeeded by
Henri Laborde de Monpezat
as prince consort