Springhill, Nova Scotia

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Springhill
Town
Main Street, Springhill
Main Street, Springhill
Flag of Springhill
Flag
Official seal of Springhill
Seal
Springhill is located in Nova Scotia
Springhill
Springhill
Location of Springhill in Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°40′N 64°4′W / 45.667°N 64.067°W / 45.667; -64.067Coordinates: 45°40′N 64°4′W / 45.667°N 64.067°W / 45.667; -64.067
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Cumberland County
Founded 1790
Incorporated March 30, 1889
Electoral Districts     
Federal

Cumberland—Colchester—Musquodoboit Valley
Provincial Cumberland South
Government
 • Mayor Max Snow
 • Councillors Springhill Town Council
 • MLA Jamie Baillie (PC)
 • MP Scott Armstrong (C)
Area
 • Land 11.15 km2 (4.31 sq mi)
Highest elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Lowest elevation 122 m (400 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,868
 • Density 346.8/km2 (898/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code B0M
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 597, 763
Median Earnings* $29,037
NTS Map 021H09
GNBC Code CBKDH
Website town.springhill.ns.ca
  • Median household income, 2000 ($) (all households)

Springhill is a Canadian town in central Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. The Anne Murray Centre, located in town, is a local tourist attraction.

In early records, the town was called "Springhill Mines." Coal mining lead to the establishment and growth of the town, and until the 1960s, it was the town's only significant economic activity. Springhill was incorporated in 1889, and had an 1896 population of 4,901. The town is famous for both the Springhill Mining Disaster and being the childhood home of international recording star Anne Murray.

Geography[edit]

All Saints Anglican Church in Springhill. It was designed by William Critchlow Harris.

The town is located on the northwestern edge of the Cobequid Hills mid-way between the Minas Basin and the Northumberland Strait. Its elevation varies from 140 to 185 metres above sea level.[citation needed] Located in the carboniferous area on the southern side of the Cumberland Coal Basin, Springhill's six main coal seams overlap. The seams, separated by strata of sandstone and shale from 11–110 metres in thickness, were once horizontal, but, because they were raised by internal earth movement, now slope sharply down into the earth. The seams dip to the northwest at an angle of thirty-five degrees.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1881 900 —    
1891 4,813 +434.8%
1896 4,901 +1.8%
1901 4,559 −7.0%
1911 5,713 +25.3%
1921 5,618 −1.7%
1931 6,355 +13.1%
1941 7,170 +12.8%
1951 7,138 −0.4%
1961 5,834 −18.3%
1981 4,896 −16.1%
1986 4,712 −3.8%
1991 4,373 −7.2%
1996 4,193 −4.1%
2001 4,091 −2.4%
2006 3,941 −3.7%
2011 3,868 −1.9%
[2][3][4][5][6]

Coal mining[edit]

The first industrial coal mining in the area took place in the 1870s after a rail connection was built by the Springhill and Parrsboro Coal and Railway Company to the newly completed Intercolonial Railway at neighbouring Springhill Junction.

Coal was so prevalent in the town that "there was a time when men got coal out of their backyards; shallow pits were found everywhere. In recent years, there have been instances when a homeowner would step out of his door only to find a big gaping hole where his driveway had been. Another part of an old mine had caved in."[7]

Springhill was the site of three devastating mining disasters during the era of industrial mining from the 1870s until the early 1960s. The first two disasters in 1891 and 1956 were caused by explosions and fires in the mines. The third and final disaster in 1958 accelerated the closure of the mines and was what was known as a "bump", or underground upheaval. Small-scale coal mining operations lasted in the town until the 1970s but the town took a significant hit as it was forced to adjust to a post-industrial service-oriented economy since the closure of the large mines in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Post-industrial adjustment[edit]

The abrupt end of large-scale industrial coal mining presented incredible economic challenges to the town as the region struggled with massive unemployment in the 1960s.

An unexpected legacy and benefit from the abandoned coal mines is being realized in the form of geothermal energy. Since their closure, the mines have filled with ground water which is heated to an average temperature of 18° C (65°F) by the surrounding earth. Beginning in the late 1980s, this heat source has been exploited by companies located in Springhill's industrial park, situated on the land where the surface facilities of the coal mines were located, reducing winter heating bills substantially.[8]

The provincial and federal government offered assistance and a federal medium-security penitentiary, the Springhill Institution was built during the late 1960s in an effort to diversify the town's economy.

Other companies, such as lead–acid battery manufacturer Surrette Battery[9] and Benjamin Heating Products[10] continue to operate in the town.

Chalice, a charity affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church, is headquartered in the town. With over 46,000 children sponsored it is the largest Catholic child sponsorship program in Canada.[11]

On March 4, 2014, the town's elected council, under the leadership of Mayor Max Snow, announced the decision to give up the municipal incorporation charter for the Town of Springhill as of April 1, 2015. The council stated that the decision was arrived at because the municipality, incorporated in 1889, was facing unprecedented future financial pressures in the form of rising costs for services, salaries and pension obligations. At the same time, the municipality was facing a future of decreased revenue due to declining property tax assessments while at the same time having the highest municipal property tax rate in Nova Scotia. Upon dissolution, Springhill will become part of the Municipality of the County of Cumberland, comprising approximately 1/5 of the population of that municipality.[6] The decision was criticized by some residents alleging lack of consultation. [7]. However, the decision was also supported by other residents as a good choice. [8]

Transportation[edit]

Springhill is east 5km of the Via Rail station in Springhill Junction.[12] It is a stop on request station along the Ocean line between Montréal and Halifax.[12][13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Springhill Community Profile". Statistics Canada. 2006. 
  2. ^ [1], Censuses 1871-1931
  3. ^ [2], Census 1941-1951
  4. ^ [3], Census 1961
  5. ^ [4], Censuses 1981-2001
  6. ^ [5], Census 2006
  7. ^ Springhill Heritage Group - Springhill Cumberland County Nova Scotia Canada
  8. ^ "Geothermal Mine Water as an Energy Source for Heat Pumps". Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  9. ^ Surrette
  10. ^ Benjamin Heating Products, Springhill, NS, Canada
  11. ^ Sponsor a Child - Chalice - A Catholic Sponsorship and Relief Program
  12. ^ a b "Springhill Jct. train station". Via Rail. VIA Rail Canada Inc. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Montréal-Halifax train – Stations". Via Rail. VIA Rail Canada Inc. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 

External links[edit]