St Katherine Coleman

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St. Katherine Coleman
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Roman Catholic, Anglican
Architecture
Architect(s) James Horne
Style Palladian

St Katherine Coleman was a parish church in the City of London, situated in Magpie Alley,[1] on the south side of Fenchurch Street, in Aldgate Ward. It narrowly escaped the Great Fire of London, but was rebuilt in the eighteenth century.

Dedication[edit]

The church was dedicated to St Catherine of Alexandria. The additional name "Coleman" was taken from nearby garden called "Colemanhaw".[2] St Katherine's was known earlier as "All Hallows Coleman-church",[3]

History[edit]

Medieval church[edit]

The church was in existence by 1346, when the name of a rector is recorded. In about 1489, William White, then Lord Mayor, rebuilt or added the south aisle.[4] There were repairs in 1620, and in 1624 a new gallery was constructed and a vestry added. There were further repairs in 1703. [5] As described by Edward Hatton in 1708, the church was 66 feet (20 m) long, 36 feet (11 m) wide and 23 feet (7.0 m) ft high. There was a brick and stone tower about 60 feet (18 m) high, with three bells.[6] Hatton describes the architecture of the church as being "of the Gothic and Tuscan orders".[6]

Eighteenth-century rebuilding[edit]

St Katherine's was demolished in 1734, [5] and rebuilt in 1741[7] at the expense of the parish,[8] to a "vernacular palladian" design by James Horne.[9] Never regarded as one of the more spectacular City churches,[10] it was built of brick, with window and door surrounds of rusticated stonework. The interior was a plain room, with a flat ceiling, coved at the sides, ornamented with a single oval panel, with a flower at the centre. There was an arched recess at the east end to accommodate the reredos. Beneath the church was a burial vault, entered through a door at the west end.[4]

Demolition[edit]

The parish was designated for amalgamation under the Union of Benefices Act 1860[11] but the church remained in use[12] until 1926. [13] The final service was held on 20 November, a joyous occasion (as reported in the City Press[14]) after which it was quickly demolished.[15] The gate piers and railings of the churchyard, which probably date from the 18th century survive, and the site of the churchyard itself is now a public garden, owned by Lloyd's Register of shipping. It was re-landscaped in 1996-2000.[16] Money raised by the sale of the site was used to erect a new church in Fulham.[17]

After the clearance of the graveyard, the burials were re-inhumed at City of London Cemetery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Noorthouck, John (1773). "Book 2, Ch. 5: Aldgate Ward". A New History of London: Including Westminster and Southwark. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Stow, John (1890) [1598]. A Survey of London 1. London: A. Fullarton & Co. p. 446. 
  3. ^ Cobb, G (1977). London city churches. London: BT Batsford. 
  4. ^ a b Godwin, George; John Britton (1839). The Churches of London: A History and Description of the Ecclesiastical Edifices of the Metropolis. London: C. Tilt. 
  5. ^ a b Daniell, A.E. (1896). London City Churches. London: Constable. 
  6. ^ a b Hatton, Edward (1708). "St Catherine Coleman Church". New View of London 1. pp. 177–81. 
  7. ^ Norman, P. (1929). The London City Churches. London: The London Society. 
  8. ^ Church of England, Diocese of London. - Files of parish deeds, papers and related documents, including consecration(Files 40-7, 1750. - M0002765CL); cited in Hallows, A., ed. (1974). City of London Parish Registers Guide 4. London, Guildhall Library Research. ISBN 0-900422-30-0. 
  9. ^ Example of his work
  10. ^ Huelin, G. (1996). Vanished churches of the City of London. London: Guildhall Library Publishing. ISBN 0900422424. 
  11. ^ Innes, J. (1868). Proposed Union of the benefice of Allhallows Staining with that of St. Katherine Coleman, in the City of London, etc. London: B.Pardon. 
  12. ^ Pearce, C.W. (1909). Notes on Old City Churches: their organs, organists and musical associations. London: Winthrop Rogers. 
  13. ^ Powell Miller, A. (1954). Annals of St. Olave Hart Street, with All Hallows Staining and St. Katherine Coleman. London: Parrett & Neues. 
  14. ^ 26 November 1926
  15. ^ Hibbert, C.; Weinreb, D.; Keay, J. (1983 [rev 1993,2008). The London Encyclopaedia. London: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5. 
  16. ^ "Site details:St Katherine Coleman Churchyard". London Gardens Online. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "Love's Guide to Church Bells". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′42″N 0°04′44″W / 51.51167°N 0.07881°W / 51.51167; -0.07881