State Street Bridge (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)

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Coordinates: 40°16′0″N 76°52′42″W / 40.26667°N 76.87833°W / 40.26667; -76.87833
State Street Bridge
Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge
State Street Bridge (Harrisburg) HAER color.jpg
HAER photo of the State Street Bridge
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Dauphin
City Harrisburg
Road SR 3014 (State Street)
Crosses PA 230, Paxton Creek,
Amtrak / Norfolk Southern tracks
Coordinates 40°16′0″N 76°52′42″W / 40.26667°N 76.87833°W / 40.26667; -76.87833
Length 1,312 ft (400 m) [1]
Width 80 ft (24 m) [2]
 - Road width 56 ft (17 m) [1]
Architect William Gehron, Sidney F. Ross
Design Elliptical, deck arch bridge [3]
Material Concrete
Completed August 22, 1930
 - Added to NRHP June 22, 1988
Governing Body PennDOT
NBI # 223014003001900
NRHP # 88000761 [4]
HAER # PA-456
ADT 8,182[1] (2009)
Load 36 short tons (33 t) [1]
MPS Highway Bridges Owned by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation TR
Location of the State Street Bridge in Pennsylvania
Wikimedia Commons: State Street Bridge (Harrisburg)

The State Street Bridge, also known as the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge, is a 1,312-foot (400 m) concrete, deck arch bridge that spans Pennsylvania Route 230 and Paxton Creek in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The bridge was completed in 1930 and was intended to be the principal entrance into downtown Harrisburg and the Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex from the east.

The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 22, 1988, and was documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in 1997.

History[edit]

After the Pennsylvania State Capitol building burned to ground in 1897, plans were drawn up to improve and expand the park that surrounds the Capitol building.[5] The plans were for a more impressive Capitol building that would prevent other Pennsylvania cities like Philadelphia from challenging Harrisburg's claim as the seat of the state government.[5] After the land that was necessary for the expansion was acquired in 1916, Arnold Brunner was hired to design the plans for the construction and landscaping of the new buildings. Planning was interrupted by World War I.

After the war, in 1919, it was decided to make the bridge a memorial to the armed forces of the United States and Pennsylvania that had fought in the war.[6] The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed an act authorizing the construction of the bridge on July 18, 1919. In 1926, William Gehron and Sidney Ross revised the plans that Brunner had made for the bridge in 1921 after his death in 1925. Changes they made included a more massive bridge and taller, "more streamlined" pylons.[6]

Construction began on the bridge in September 1925. The General Assembly appropriated $361,000 ($4.9 million in present-day terms) for the bridge in the 1927 and 1929 sessions of the assembly.[7][8] The city of Harrisburg also contributed $300,000 ($4.07 million in present-day terms).[8] The bridge was completed on August 22, 1930.

The bridge was renovated in 1955 by J. Richard Nissley, who added a 36-foot (11 m) steel girder span on the bridge's east end.[2] The road deck and sidewalks were replaced in 1957.[2] The State Street Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 22, 1988.

Design[edit]

HAER photo of the arches with the pylons and the State Capitol dome in the background

Two 145-foot (44 m) tall and 16-foot (4.9 m) wide pylons flank the western end of the bridge.[9] Each pylon has an eagle perched on it, one signifying the United States Army and the other sigifying the United States Navy.[9] Each eagle weighs approximately 300 short tons (270 t) and is 21 feet (6.4 m) tall.[10] The four faces of the pylons each have the year of one of eight wars that United States had participated in up until World War I.[9]

The keystone of each arch of the bridge has a carving of a weapon that was developed and used during World War I.[9]

Although never built, plans for the bridge included a museum built under the western end of the bridge. The museum was to included Pennsylvania flags that were used in battle and a list of all the Pennsylvanians who fought in World War I.[9][10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Federal Highway Administration (2010). "Place Name: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania NBI Structure Number: 223014003001900; Facility Carried: SR 3014". National Bridge Inventory. Nationalbridges.com (Alexander Svirsky). Retrieved June 16, 2010.  Note: this is a formatted scrape of the 2006 official website, which can be found here for Pennsylvania: "PA09.txt". Federal Highway Administration. 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Semmer, p. 3.
  3. ^ Remy, § 15.
  4. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved June 16, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Semmer, p. 6.
  6. ^ a b Semmer, p. 7.
  7. ^ Semmer, p. 9.
  8. ^ a b Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Soldiers' and Sailors Grove and Memorial Bridge". Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs. Retrieved December 4, 2008. [dead link]
  10. ^ a b Semmer, p. 4.

References[edit]