Succinimide

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Succinimide
Skeletal formula of succinimide
Ball-and-stick model of the succinimide molecule
Names
IUPAC name
Pyrrolidine-2,5-dione
Other names
Succinimide
Succinic acid imide
Identifiers
ATC code G04BX10
123-56-8 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:9307 N
ChEMBL ChEMBL275661 YesY
ChemSpider 10955 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 11439
RTECS number WN2200000
UNII 10X90O3503 YesY
Properties[1]
C4H5NO2
Molar mass 99.09 g·mol−1
Appearance White crystalline powder
Density 1.41 g/cm3
Melting point 125 °C (257 °F; 398 K)
Boiling point 287 °C (549 °F; 560 K)
1 g/3 mL
Acidity (pKa) 9.5
Hazards
SDS External MSDS
Main hazards Irritant
Slightly Flammable
R/S statement S24/25 S28 S37 S45
14 g/kg (rat, oral)[1]
Related compounds
Related Imides
Maleimide, N-Chlorosuccinimide, N-Bromosuccinimide
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Succinimide is a cyclic imide with the formula C4H5NO2. It is used in a variety of organic syntheses, as well as in some industrial silver plating processes. It may be prepared by thermal decomposition of ammonium succinate [2]

Succinimides[edit]

Succinimides refers to compounds that contain the succinimide group. These compounds have some notable uses. Several succinimides are used as anticonvulsant drugs, including ethosuximide, phensuximide, and methsuximide. Succinimides are also used to form covalent bonds between proteins or peptides and plastics, which is useful in a variety of assay techniques.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Merck Index, 12th Edition, 9040
  2. ^ [1]