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Sudova Vyshnia (Ukrainian: Судова Вишня, Polish: Sądowa Wisznia) is a small city of Mostyska Raion in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. The population was 10,034 in 2011. The town has a number of Catholic cathedrals, a secondary school, is a market centre for surrounding agricultural area. The town contains a horse farm, providing horse stud service for the area, some of the horse studs being very expensive.
Sudova Vyshnia is located about 50 km west of Lviv, on an asphalt highway and railroad to Przemyśl in Poland. The Vishnya river flows through the town in a westerly direction, eventually joining San in Poland. The railway line (twin track) leads to Krakow and Silesia in Poland, being a main route carrying coal to the former USSR.
Sudova Vyshnia was first mentioned in 1230. In 1340, together with whole Red Ruthenia, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland. Until the 1772 Partitions of Poland, Sadowa Wisznia, as it was officially called, was part of Przemysl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship.
Sudova Vyshnia received its Magdeburg rights town charter in 1368. Originally, it was called Vyshnia (Wisznia), after the river Wisznia, a tributary of the San. The adjective Sudova (Polish: Sadowa) was added in 1545, when it became the seat of the general sejmiks of the Ruthenian szlachta. In 1772, the town was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Habsburg Austrian Galicia, where it remained until late 1918. In the Second Polish Republic, Sadowa Wisznia belonged to Mosciska County, Lwow Voivodeship. During the September 1939 Invasion of Poland, the Battle of Jaworow took place in the area of the town.
When captured by the USSR in the Second World War, the town had a large main square, cobbled and with a podium - suitable for public meetings. Under Communism, the square was planted over by trees and bushes - no more public meetings.
When under Nazi Germany administration during the Second World War, being in the area called Galicia since ancient times, it was not considered occupied but a part of the German Reich. The currency at that time was the Reichsmark, whereas in occupied territories German administration was using Ostmark. German armed forces included a number of SS divisions, considered to be elite units. And there was a division SS Galicia. Before the war the town had had a Jewish population; only 3 of its Jews survived the war, and none remained there afterwards.
The town is a center of raion (district).
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