Supreme Court of Sri Lanka

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Supreme Court of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා ග්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය
Seal of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka.svg
Seal of the Supreme Court
Established 1801
Country Sri Lanka
Location Hultsdorf, Colombo
Composition method Presidential nomination with Parliamentary Council confirmation
Authorized by Sri Lankan Constitution
Judge term length Until the age of 65 years
Number of positions 10
Website www.supremecourt.lk
Motto
"Inspire public trust and confidence"
Chief Justice of Sri Lanka
Currently Mohan Peiris
Since 15 January 2013
Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා ග්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය) is the highest court of Sri Lanka. The Supreme Court is the highest and final judicial instance of record and is empowered to exercise its powers, subject to the provisions of the Constitution. The Court has ultimate appellate jurisdiction in constitutional matters, and take precedence over all lower Courts. The Sri Lanka judicial system is complex blend of both common-law and civil-law. In some cases such as capital punishment, the decision may be passed on to the President of the Republic for clemency petitions.[1]

History[edit]

The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka was created on 18 April 1801 with the "Royal Charter of Justice of 1801 of King George the 3rd establishing the Supreme Courts of the Island of Sri Lanka" by the British, who controlled the island at the time. This creation was repealed by the Charter of 1833.[2] In 1972 the country adopted a new Constitution.

Composition[edit]

Size of the Court[edit]

The court consists of the Chief Justice and not less than six and not more than ten other Judges, appointed by the Constitutional Council on recommendation of the President.

Appointment and confirmation[edit]

The President of Sri Lanka is responsible for the appointment and removal of all the judges of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court judges are appointed with the advice and consent of the Parliamentary Council. From 3 October 2001 until 2011, with the 17th Amendment, the Constitutional Council had the task of advising the President on the appointment of the judges.[3] If the appointment is for a period less than fourteen days, this requirement will not apply. The Justices are not allowed to hold any other office without the consent of the Constitution or the President.

In the discharge of its functions relating to the appointment of Judges of the Courts, the Council may obtain the views of the Chief Justice and of the Attorney General.[4]

Tenure[edit]

Judges who hold office during good behaviour can serve until the retirement age for the judges fixed at 65 years, as per the Constitution. They cannot be removed except by an order of the President made after an address to the Parliament and the support of the majority of its members. The order has to be presented to the President for removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

A resolution for the presentation of the order of the president can be obtained by the Speaker or be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament only if notice of the resolution is signed by no less than one third of the total number of Members of Parliament and sets out full particulars of the alleged misbehaviour or incapacity. Parliament is required to provide for all matters relating to the presentation of the address, including the procedure for the passing of the resolution, the investigation and proof of the alleged misbehaviour or incapacity, and the right of the judge to appear and to be heard in person or by representative, by law or by Standing Orders of Parliament.

A Judge is not permitted to perform or hold any other office, whether paid or not, or accept any place of profit or emolument, except as authorized by the Constitution or by written law or with the written consent of the President.[5]

Membership[edit]

Current justices[edit]

Name Date of birth Home province President Date appointed Mandatory retirement date Law School Prior judicial office
Peiris, MohanMohan Peiris
(Chief Justice)
Rajapaksa 15 January 2013 Sri Lanka Law College Attorney General of Sri Lanka
Marsoof, SaleemSaleem Marsoof Kumaratunga February 2005 University of Colombo
University of San Diego
President of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka
Sripavan, K.K. Sripavan 29 February 1952 Rajapaksa 27 March 2008 28 February 2017 Sri Lanka Law College Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka
Ekanayake, ChandraChandra Ekanayake Rajapaksa November 2008 Sri Lanka Law College Justice of Appeal of the Supreme Court of Fiji
Dep, PriyasathPriyasath Dep Rajapaksa 10 July 2011 University of Colombo
International Institute of Social Studies
Solicitor General of Sri Lanka
Wansundera, EvaEva Wansundera North Western Province Rajapaksa 25 July 2012 Sri Lanka Law College
University of Leicester
Attorney General of Sri Lanka
Marasinghe, RohiniRohini Marasinghe Rajapaksa 26 April 2013 Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka
Aluwihare, BuwanekaBuwaneka Aluwihare Rajapaksa 4 December 2013 Additional Solicitor General of Sri Lanka
De Abrew, SisiraSisira De Abrew Rajapaksa 7 May 2014 President of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka
De Abrew, SarathSarath De Abrew Rajapaksa 7 May 2014
Jayawardena, PriyanthaPriyantha Jayawardena Rajapaksa 7 May 2014 Sri Lanka Law College
University of Aberdeen

Facilities[edit]

The Supreme Court Complex

The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka is housed in the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka building.

Jurisdiction[edit]

Article 118 of the Constitution - the Supreme Court is the highest and final superior court of record and is empowered to exercise original advisory and appellate judicial functions. It is also the final Court of Record and the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka. The Supreme Court has the following powers, subject to the provisions of the Constitution:

  • Jurisdiction in respect of Constitutional matters (Articles 120 to 125)
  • Jurisdiction for the protection of fundamental rights (Article 126)
  • Final appellate jurisdiction (Article 127, 128)
  • Consultative jurisdiction (Article 129)
  • Jurisdiction in petitions relating to election of President; petitions relating to the validity of a referendum; appeals from Orders/judgments of the Court of Appeal in other election petitions – Article 130 (as amended by the 14th Amendment)
  • Jurisdiction in respect of any breach of the privileges of Parliament (Article 132);
  • Jurisdiction in respect of other matters which Parliament may by law vest or ordain

Appeals from judgments, sentences and orders pronounced at a High Court Trial at Bar lie direct to the Supreme

Independence[edit]

Sri Lankan judiciary is considered nonindependent by some analysts. It was proved right by the Impeachment of Shirani Bandaranayake.[6] Shirani Bandaranayake the former chief justice was impeached by the parliament for rulings against the government, including one against a bill proposed by Basil Rajapaksa the minister for economic development and the brother of president Mahinda Rajapaksa.[7] Bandaranayake was replaced as chief justice by former Attorney General Mohan Peiris. Peiris is considered to be an ally of President Rajapaksa and his appointment is seen by critics as further consolidation of power by the president and his family. Bandaranayake has refused to recognise the impeachment and lawyers groups have refused to work with the new chief justice. Bandaranayake's controversial impeachment has drawn much criticism and concern from within and outside of Sri Lanka.

Landmark Judgments[edit]

In one of the landmark judgements, Supreme Court ruled that powers over land would continue to remain vested in the Central Government, and not the provincial councils.

The verdict assumes significance in the wake of the government’s apparent reluctance to devolve land and police powers — stated in the 13th Amendment that followed the Indo-Lanka Accord of 1987 — to its provinces. It practically killed the 13th amendment.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Courts and cases Sri Lanka". The World Law Guide. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Chapter X". Transition To British Administration 1796-1805. Lakdiva Books. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka". Appointment and removal of Judges. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka". Appointment and removal of Judges. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka". Appointment and removal of Judges. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Sri Lanka Chief Justice Shirani Bandaranayake is impeached". BBC. 11 Jan 2013. 
  7. ^ "Impeaching a chief justice, Sri Lankan style". The Hindu. 14 Dec 2012. 
  8. ^ Sreenivasan, Meera (28 Sep 2013). "Land powers to remain with Centre, rules Sri Lankan court". The Hindu. 

External links[edit]