Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
|Prime Minister of Sri Lanka|
Coat of Arms of Sri Lanka
|Residence||Prime Minister's House|
|Appointer||President of Sri Lanka|
|Term length||6 years|
|Inaugural holder||Don Stephen Senanayake|
|Formation||14 October 1947|
|Website||Prime Minister's Office|
The Prime Minister of Sri Lanka is the functional head of the Cabinet of Sri Lanka. However, the President is both head of state and head of government in Sri Lanka. The Prime Minister serves as the President's deputy, acting on his/her behalf in his/her absence or incapacitation, and is the first in the line of succession.
The post of Prime Minister of Ceylon was created in 1947 prior to independence from Britain and the formation of the Dominion of Ceylon in 1948. In 1972 when Sri Lanka became a republic the name of the post changed to Prime Minister of Sri Lanka. With a Westminster-based political system established the Prime Minister was the head of government therefore held the most powerful political office of the country at the time. This changed with a constitutional change in 1978, when the Executive Presidency was created, making the President both head of state and head of government. Until 1978 the Prime minister was also the Minister of Defence and External Affairs. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President as head of the cabinet of ministers. In the event the president dies in office the Prime Minister becomes the acting president until Parliament convenes to elect a successor or new elections could be held to elect a new president. This was the case with H.E. President Dingiri Banda Wijetunge.
List of Sri Lankan Prime Ministers
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The official residence of the prime minister is the Prime Minister's House most commonly referred to as Temple Trees. The Prime Minister's Office is located on Sir Ernest de Silva Mawatha (formerly known as Flower Road) in Colombo.
- Parliament of Sri Lanka - Handbook of Parliament, Prime Ministers