List of political parties in Sri Lanka

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Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

This article lists political parties in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. In the last decades, the United National Party and the Sri Lanka Freedom Party have been the largest parties by far. The general rule, however, has become coalition politics, since neither SLFP nor UNP are able to gather parliamentary majorities. Tamil areas are generally dominated by Tamil parties.

Alliances[edit]

Parliamentary alliances[edit]

Alliance
Symbol/
Logo/
Flag
Members
Founded
Leader
MPs
Democratic National Alliance Trophy Democratic United National Front
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
People's Tamil Congress
2010 Sarath Fonseka 7
Tamil National Alliance n/a
(contests under the name and House symbol of the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi)
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (Suresh wing)
Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi
Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization
2001 Rajavarothiam Sampanthan MP 13
United National Front n/a
(contests under the name and Elephant symbol of the United National Party)
National Development Front
National Professional Board
Our National Front
United National Alliance
United National Party
2001
2009 (relaunch)
Ranil Wickremasinghe MP 42
United People's Freedom Alliance
(Sinhala: Eksath Janatha Nidahas Sandhanaya)
Betel Leaf
All Ceylon Muslim Congress
Ceylon Workers' Congress
Citizen's Front
Communist Party of Sri Lanka
Democratic Left Front
Desha Vimukthi Janatha Pakshaya (National Liberation People's Party)
Eelam People's Democratic Party
Eelavar Democratic Front
Jathika Hela Urumaya (National Heritage Party)
Jathika Nidahas Peramuna (National Freedom Front)
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
Liberal Party
Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (People's United Front)
National Congress
National Union of Workers
Patriotic National Front
People's Liberation Solidarity Front
Ruhunu People's Party
Sinhalaye Mahasammatha Bhoomiputra Pakshaya
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
Sri Lanka National Front
Sri Lanka People's Party
Sri Lanka Progressive Front
Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal
United National Party (Democratic wing)
Up-Country People's Front
Workers' Liberation Front
2003 President Mahinda Rajapaksa 163

Extra-Parliamentary alliances[edit]

Alliance
Symbol
Members
Founded
Leader
Left Front
(formerly New Left Front)
(aka Left Liberation Front)
Umbrella Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Alternative Group)
National Democratic Movement
Nava Sama Samaja Party
New Democratic Party
1998 Vikramabahu Karunaratne
Democratic Tamil National Alliance
(aka Tamil Democratic National Alliance)
Brass Lamp Democratic People's Liberation Front (PLOTE)
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (Padmanaba wing)
Tamil United Liberation Front
Veerasingham Anandasangaree
Tamil National People's Front
Bicycle All Ceylon Tamil Congress 2010 Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam

Alliances within major alliances[edit]

Alliance
Symbol
Members
Founded
Leader
People's Alliance
(Sinhala: Janatha Sandhanaya)
Chair 1994
Socialist Alliance Clay Lamp Communist Party of Sri Lanka
Democratic Left Front
Desha Vimukthi Janatha Pakshaya
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
Sri Lanka Mahajana Pakshaya
All members are members of UPFA and the alliance supports UPFA.

Parties[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Party
Symbol/
Logo/
Flag
Alliance
Founded
Leader
MPs
Ideology
All Ceylon Muslim Congress Peacock UPFA 2008 Risad Badhiutheen MP 3
Ceylon Workers' Congress
(formerly Ceylon Indian Congress)
Cockerel
Flag of Ceylon Workers' Congress.svg
UPFA 1939 Arumugam Thondaman MP 3
Citizen's Front
(Sinhala: Puravesi Peramuna)
Omnibus UPFA Sri Ranga Jeyaratnam MP 1
Communist Party Star
South Asian Communist Banner.svg
UPFA 1943 D. E. W. Gunasekera MP 2 Communism, Marxism-Leninism
Democratic Left Front UPFA 1999 Vasudeva Nanayakkara MP 1 Communism, Trotskyism
Democratic Party
(Sinhala: Prajathantrawadi Pakshaya)
Flaming Torch
N/A 2013 Sarath Fonseka 1 Liberalism
Eelam People's Democratic Party Veena
Flag of Eelam People’s Democratic Party.svg
UPFA 1986 Douglas Devananda MP 3
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front
(Suresh wing)
Flower TNA 1980 Suresh Premachandran MP 2 Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi
(English: Lanka Tamil State Party)
House TNA 1949 Rajavarothiam Sampanthan MP 2 Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
(English: People's Liberation Front)
Bell DNA 1965 Anura Kumara Dissanayake MP 4 Communism, Marxism-Leninism, nationalism
Jathika Hela Urumaya
(English: National Heritage Party)
Conch Shell UPFA 2004 Omalpe Sobhitha Thero 3 Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism
Jathika Nidahas Peramuna
(English: National Freedom Front)
n/a UPFA 2008 Wimal Weerawansa MP 3 Leftwing
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
(English: Lanka Equal Society Party)
Key UPFA 1935 2 Communism, Trotskyism
Liberal Party Book UPFA 1987 Rajiva Wijesinha MP 1 Liberalism
Mahajana Eksath Peramuna
(English: People's United Front)
Cartwheel UPFA 1951?
1959?
Dinesh Gunawardena MP 3 Socialism
National Congress
(aka National Muslim Congress)
Horse UPFA A. L. M. Athaullah MP 1
National Union of Workers UPFA Palani Digambaran MP 1
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Nidahas Pakshaya)
Hand
UPFA 1951 President Mahinda Rajapaksa 102 Democratic socialism, Centre-Left/Populist, Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism(some factions)
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress Tree
Flag of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress.png
UPFA 1981 Rauff Hakeem MP 8
Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization Light House TNA 1974?
1979?
Selvam Adaikalanathan MP 2 Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
United National Party
(Sinhala: Eksath Jathika Pakshaya)
Elephant
UNF 1946 Ranil Wickremasinghe MP 42 Centre-Right, Conservatism, Liberal conservatism
United National Party (Democratic wing) n/a UPFA 2007 16
Up-Country People's Front Mammoty UPFA P. Chandrasekaran MP 1

Other registered parties[edit]

Party Symbol Alliance Founded Leader Ideology
Akila Ilankai Tamil United Front Orange 2005 K. Vigneswaran
All Are Citizens All Are Kings Organization
(Sinhala: Okkoma Wasiyo Okkoma Rajawaru Sanvidanaya)
Till
All Ceylon Tamil Congress Bicycle TNPF 1944 Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam Tamil Nationalism
Ceylon Democratic Unity Alliance Fish 2002 T.V. Chennan
Democratic People's Front Ladder Mano Ganesan
Democratic People's Liberation Front
(political wing of People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam)
Anchor DTNA 1988 D. Siddarthan
Democratic United National Front
(Sinhala: Prajathanthravadi Eksath Jathika Peramuna)
Eagle DNA 1990 Ariyawansa Dissanayake
Democratic Unity Alliance Two Leaves
Desha Vimukthi Janatha Pakshaya
(English: National Liberation People's Party)
Ear of Paddy UPFA 1988
Eelam National Democratic Liberation Front Bull 1987
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front
(Padmanaba wing), previously Varatharaja wing
Candle DTNA 2000 T. Sridharan
Varatharaja Perumal
Eelavar Democratic Front
(political wing of Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students)
Plough UPFA
Green Party Goblet
Janasetha Peramuna Tractor
Muslim Liberation Front Butterfly
Muslim National Alliance Pair of Scales
National Development Front
(Sinhala: Jathika Sangwardhena Peramuna)
Coconut UNF Achala Asoka Suraweera
National Peoples Party Electric Bulb
Nava Sama Samaja Party
(English: New Equal Society Party)
Table LF 1977 Vikramabahu Karunaratne
New Democratic Front Swan
Shamila Perera
New Sinhala Heritage
(Sinhala: Nava Sihala Urumaya)
Bow & Arrow 2006 Sarath Manamendra
Our National Front
(Sinhala: Ape Jathika Peramuna)
Telephone UNF 2009 Upulangani Malagamuwa
Patriotic National Front
(Sinhala: Desha Premi Jathika Peramuna)
Flag UPFA Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism
People's Front of Liberation Tigers Tiger 1989
People's Liberation Solidarity Front
(Sinhala: Janatha Vimukthi Sahayogitha Peramuna)
Lantern UPFA 1997 Kamal Karunadasa
Ruhuna People's Party
(Sinhala: Ruhunu Janatha Party)
Motor Car UPFA Aruna de Zoysa
Sinhalaye Mahasammatha Bhoomiputra Pakshaya
(English: The Great Consensus Party of the Sons of the Soil of Sinhala)
Aeroplane UPFA Harischandra Wijayatunga Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism
Socialist Equality Party
(Sinhala: Samajavadi Samanathmatha Pakshaya)
(formerly Revolutionary Communist League)
Pair of Scissors 1968 Communism, Trotskyism
Sri Lanka Labour Party Kangaroo
Sri Lanka National Front
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Jathika Peramuna)
Cricket Bat UPFA Wimal Geeganage
Sri Lanka People's Party
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Mahajana Pakshaya)
Eye UPFA 1984
Sri Lanka Progressive Front
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Pragathishili Peramuna)
Flower Vase UPFA 1996 J.A. Peter Nelson Perera
Sri Lanka Vanguard Party
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Peratugami Pakshaya)
Envelop
Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal
(English: Tamil People's Liberation Tigers)
Boat UPFA 1984 Sivanesathurai Chandrakanthan
Tamil United Liberation Front
(formerly Tamil United Front)
Sun
DTNA 1972 Veerasingham Anandasangaree Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
United Democratic Front Rabbit
United Lanka Great Council
(Sinhala: Eksath Lanka Maha Sabha)
Fountain Pen Nath Amarakone
United Lanka People's Party
(Sinhala: Eksath Lanka Podujana Pakshaya)
Cup
United National Alternative Front
(Sinhala: Eksath Jathika Vikalpa Peramuna)
Gate 2000
United Socialist Party Tri-shaw 1989

Unregistered parties[edit]

Party Alliance Founded Leader Ideology
Aziz Democratic Workers Congress
Bahujana Nidahas Peramuna
(English: Mass Freedom Front)
1991
Ceylon Communist Party (Maoist) 1964
Democratic National Front DNF Dr.N Kumaraguruparan.Ex MPC wp
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Alternative Group) LF
Muslim United Liberation Front
National Democratic Movement
(Sinhala: Jathika Prajathanthravadi Pakshaya)
LF
New Democratic Party LF
People's Tamil Congress DNA L. P. Shanmuganathan
New National Front 2011 Jayasena Kandambi
Revolutionary Workers Party 1968
United Muslim Peoples's Alliance
United National Alliance
(Sinhala: Eksath Jathika Sandhanaya)
UNF Shamila Perera
Workers' Liberation Front UPFA Santhanam Arulsamy
National Democratic People's Alliance
(Sinhala: Jathika Prajathanthravaathi Janatha Sandhanaya)
NDPA S.L.Riyas

Defunct parties[edit]

Party
Symbol/
Logo/
Flag
Founded
Dissolved
Ideology
All Ceylon Islamic United Front 1960
Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma
(renamed Bolshevik Samasamaja Party)
Bolshevik Samasamaja Party
(absorbed by Lanka Sama Samaja Party)
Federal Party
(merged with others to form Tamil United Front)
House
Flag of the Federal Party of Sri Lanka.svg
1949 1972 Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Sri Lanka Freedom Front
(English: Sri Lanka Freedom Front)
(absorbed by Sri Lanka Freedom Socialist Party)
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Revolutionary) 1964
Muslim National Unity Alliance
(absorbed by Sri Lanka Freedom Party)
Pigeon 2000 2010
National Alliance
(Sinhala: Jathika Sandanaya)
National Liberation Front
(Sinhala: Jathika Vimukthi Peramuna)
Sinhala Heritage
(Sinhala: Sihala Urumaya)
(replaced by Jathika Hela Urumaya)
Sinhala Maha Sabha
(English: Sinhala Great Assembly)
(absorbed by United National Party)
1934/5 1946
Sri Lanka Freedom Socialist Party
(absorbed by United National Party)
1964
Sri Lanka Freedom Party (Mahajana)
(absorbed by United National Party)
2007 2010
Sri Lanka National Congress
(absorbed by Sri Lanka Freedom Party)
2009 2011
Sri Lanka Sama Samaja Party
(absorbed by Sri Lanka Freedom Party)
1982 1983
Tamil National Liberation Alliance
(absorbed by Tamil National Alliance)
Unregistered/No symbol 2010 2011 Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
United Lanka Congress
Viplavakari Lanka Sama Samaja Party
(English: Revolutionary Lanka Equal Society Party)
1950 1959

See also[edit]

References[edit]