Susquehannock language

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Susquehannock
Native to Northeastern United States
Extinct 1763
Iroquoian
  • Northern
    • Lakes Iroquoian
      • Five Nations
        • Susquehannock
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sqn
Linguist list
sqn

Susquehannock is an extinct language that once was spoken by the Native American Susquehannocks. It is a part of the Iroquoian language family.

Little of the Susquehannock language has been preserved. The only source is a Vocabula Mahakuassica compiled by the Swedish missionary Johannes Campanius during the 1640s and published with additions in 1702.[1] Campanius's vocabulary contains only 89 words but is sufficient to show that Susquehannock was a northern Iroquoian language closely related to those of the Five Nations.[2] Surviving remnants of the Susquehannock language include the river names Conestoga, Juniata, and Swatara.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Campanius Holm. 1702. A short description of the province of New Sweden, tr. Peter S. du Ponceau. Pennsylvania Historical Society Memoirs 3:1:1-166. (Reprinted 1834 in Philadelphia)
    cited in Marianne Mithun. The Languages of Native America (1999, Cambridge University Press).
  2. ^ Marianne Mithun. 1981. "Stalking the Susquehannock," International Journal of American Linguistics 47:1-26.

References[edit]

  • "A Vocabulary of Susquehannock", Thomas Campanius Holm, Evolution Publishing & Manufacturing, August 1996.

External links[edit]