Tanuku

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Tanuku
తణుకు
City
Tanuku is located in Andhra Pradesh
Tanuku
Tanuku
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°45′N 81°42′E / 16.75°N 81.7°E / 16.75; 81.7Coordinates: 16°45′N 81°42′E / 16.75°N 81.7°E / 16.75; 81.7
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District West Godavari
Government
 • Body Municipality
 • MLA Arimilli Radha Krishna
Area[1]
 • Total 16.78 km2 (6.48 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 1,40,000
 • Density 8,300/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534211
Telephone code +91–8819
Vehicle registration AP–37

Tanuku is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[3] It is a municipality, serves as the headquarters of Tanuku mandal.[4][1]

Etymology[edit]

According to mythology, the Tarakapuri kingdom, ruled by the Asura king Tarakasena, often referred to as Tarakasura, had his capital in Tanuku. It was named after him and called as Tarakapura. Tarakasena was made a demon after his defeat in a great war between him and Lord Kumara Swamy, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi and the son-in-law of Indra, who was invaded by Tarakasura over an insult meted out to him.

History[edit]

Adikavi Nannayya is reputed to have conducted a large Yagna (sacrifice) under a Jammi tree. He also translated first three Parvas (Cantos) of the Mahabaratha from Sanskrit into Telugu. Many of the surrounding villages have some historical connection to this war and quite a few ancient monuments can be seen here. The place where Lord Kumara Swamy landed on earth is now called Komara. Illindra Parru is the place where Indra stayed, and the place where all the angels stayed is now known as Velpuru (Place of Angels). The place where Uraga Raju resided is known as Undrajavaram. The place where the goddess Vijaya Lakshmi resided is known as Mahalakshmi Cheruvu, and the place where the holy priests resided is today called Vipparru. The present day Palangi was known as "Poolangi" (Stall of Flowers) and Chivatam was known as "Srivatam" (the financial centre). Paidiparru was known as "Swarnagaram" (place of gold), and the stall of gems once called "Ratnala Angi" is Relangi today. The paddy repository of the kingdom is now Vadlooru.

Geography[edit]

Tanuku is a Mandal and a municipality located at 16°45′N 81°42′E / 16.75°N 81.7°E / 16.75; 81.7. The place has an average elevation of about 13 meters (14 feet). Tanuku lies in delta of Godavari region. The Gosthani River runs through the town. The soil is mostly black soil which is much fertile.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census India,[5] Tanuku had a population of 1,40,000 of which 77,340 are males and 66,651 are females. Avg. literacy rate of 91.4%, higher than the national average of 74.04%, of which male literacy is 94%, Female literacy is 86% and 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Civic administration[edit]

Tanuku was first constituted as 2nd grade Municipality in 1979 and it was upgraded as first grade municipality an 7 September 2002.[1]

Education[edit]

The oldest educational institutions are Z.P. High School, SMVM Polytechnic (Mullapudi fame), SCIM Govt.Arts & Science College ( Chitturi fame) and Vimala Convent. St. Francis De Sales (SFS) is the only missionary school in this region along with these Montessori School is the other old school. bhashyam public school in velpur road, tanuku.

Economy[edit]

Major sources of employment are Agriculture, Health, Pharma, Industries, Real Estate, etc. Tanuku's high literacy rate and a couple of geographic advantages have helped its economic growth. It is a part of the Godavari River basin, which is one of the most fertile regions in the country. The Agriculturally richest hinter land surrounding Tanuku produce abundant Quantities of paddy, sugar cane, banana and other garden corps, there by attaining greater commercial and industrial importance. There are several industries located in the town viz., The Andhra Sugars limited, Costal Agro Industries etc. Sugarcane, Jaggery, Rocket Fuel, Medicine, Cotton oils, paper, fiber goods and it's by products are the most important commodities, which are manufactured and exported from this town. Tanuku is one of the few places in the country that has an abundance of UDMH-MMH (monomethylhydrazine),[6] an important liquid rocket fuel very commonly used in the orbital maneuvering system (OMS) engines of NASA’s Space Shuttle.

Retail giants like Bombay Dyeing, Raymond and recently Peter England in textiles and Reliance, More in FMCGs have made their way to this town trying to tap the quick growing middle class income. IT enabled companies like ITON Corp, Canada based and Vectramind Technologies, Dubai based companies are among the few Corporate companies in Tanuku serving International clients.

Culture[edit]

Adikavi Nannayya is reputed to have conducted a large Yagna (sacrifice) under a Jammi tree. He also translated first three Parvas (Cantos) of the Mahabaratha from Sanskrit into Telugu.

Butta Bommalu is a typical folk dance, popular in Tanuku region. In this particular dance, the dancers wear masks of different characters and entertain people with their delicate movements, accompanied by non verbal music.

The proud legacy of Telugu language and culture is well preserved in the town through Nannayya Bhattaraka Peetham. This organisation conducts different events for school children, elders, prose poets and Avadhanis during festivals and other important days.

Transport[edit]

Road

Tanuku is well connected to most of the cities and towns of Andhra Pradesh by the state road transport corporation A.P.S.R.T.C. Tanuku is situated at a distance of 32 km from Narsapur, 75 km from Eluru, 36 km from Bhimavaram, and 19 km from Tadepalligudem. The Town is accessible by bus and there are frequent buses from Narsapur, Palakollu, Tadepalligudem, Nidadavolu, Vijayawada and Eluru. NH-16, part of the Golden Quadrilateral (i.e., Kolkata to Chennai), passes through Tanuku.

Rail

Tanuku has frequent trains to several cities such as Chennai, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Tirupathi, Shirdi, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. Express Trains that pass through Tanuku Railway Station(TNKU) are Lokmanya Tilak Express, Visakha Express, Circar Express, Seshadri Express, Simhadri Link Express, Cocanada AC Express, Puri-Tirupati Express, Bilaspur-Tirupati Express and several other Passenger trains.

Air

Rajahumundry is the nearest Domestic airport (50 km Approx). Gannavaram, Vijayawada is the other nearest domestic airport (110 km).

Politics[edit]

Arimilli Radha Krishna is the current MLA who is supported by the Telugudesam party. TDP used to have a strong hold in the region beginning from NTR's regime to Chandrababu Naidu's regime. The Person who came from Velpur village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Basic Information of Municipality". Tanuku Municipality. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 13. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "West Godavari District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 445. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ http://www.andhrapradesh.co.in/tanuku/