|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Arimilli Radha Krishna|
|• Total||13.208 km2 (5.100 sq mi)|
|Elevation||13 m (43 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||AP 37 XX XXXX|
|Avg. annual temperature||26.0 °C (78.8 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||35.9 °C (96.6 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||25.3 °C (77.5 °F)|
According to mythology, the Tarakapuri kingdom, ruled by the Asura king Tarakasena, often referred to as Tarakasura, had his capital in Tanuku. It was named after him and called as Tarakapura. Tarkasena was made a demon after his defeat in a great war between him and Lord Kumara Swamy, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi and the son-in-law of Indra, who was invaded by Tarakasura over an insult meted out to him.
Adikavi Nannayya is reputed to have conducted a large Yagna (sacrifice) under a Jammi tree. He also translated first three Parvas (Cantos) of the Mahabaratha from Sanskrit into Telugu. Many of the surrounding villages have some historical connection to this war and quite a few ancient monuments can be seen here. The place where Lord Kumara Swamy landed on earth is now called Komara. Illindra Parru is the place where Indra stayed, and the place where all the angels stayed is now known as Velpuru (Place of Angels). The place where Uraga Raju resided is known as Undrajavaram. The place where the goddess Vijaya Lakshmi resided is known as Mahalakshmi Cheruvu, and the place where the holy priests resided is today called Vipparru. The present day Palangi was known as "Poolangi" (Stall of Flowers) and Chivatam was known as "Srivatam" (the financial centre). Paidiparru was known as "Swarnagaram" (place of gold), and the stall of gems once called "Ratnala Angi" is Relangi today. The paddy repository of the kingdom is now Vadlooru.
Tanuku is a Mandal and a municipality located at. The place has an average elevation of about 13 meters (14 feet). Tanuku lies in delta of Godavari region. The Gosthani River runs through the town. The soil is mostly black soil which is much fertile.
As of 2011[update] census India, Tanuku had a population of 1,40,000 of which 77,340 are males and 66,651 are females. Avg. literacy rate of 91.4%, higher than the national average of 74.04%, of which male literacy is 94%, Female literacy is 86% and 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Tanuku was first constituted as 2nd grade Municipality in 1979 and it was upgraded as first grade municipality an 7 September 2002.
Tanuku is medical hub of East and West Godavari districts. It has many hospitals and doctors located. Sri Mullapudi Venkataramanamma Memorial Hospital (Medical Trust), Apple hospitals, Geetha Hospitals, Sri Janaki Hospitals, Vamsi Hitech Hospital, and many others are providing their best medical benefits for the surrounding areas.Sri Mangapathi Specialized Homeo Clinic.was established by Dr.V.Chandra Sekhar Reddy.and he was the first to complete M.D in Homeopathy in west Godavari dist.Many patients come from all over the state from Hyderabad to srikakulam to have treatment.
Krishna Reddy's orthopedic hospital is very famous, daily people come from different districts and get the world class treatment there.
The government general hospital in Tanuku is widely famous for its excellent maintenance, treatment of patients, sanitation and overall environment which is at par with private hospitals. Many people in the town and from surrounding villages who can't afford much can get the best treatment there.
The oldest educational institutions are Z.P. High School, SMVM Polytechnic (Mullapudi fame), SCIM Govt.Arts & Science College ( Chitturi fame) and Vimala Convent. St. Francis De Sales (SFS) is the only missionary school in this region.
The Rashtrapathi(RP) Road is the main road in the town, that connects all important roads in the town. All the commerce in the town mostly takes place on both sides of this long stretch road. Velpur road, Railway Station road, Society Road and Undrajavaram Road are the other important roads. Roads are well maintained. The Tanuku bus station has been gaining its charm even though a flyover passes through just out side of the bus station, which is a bit inconvenient to the drivers of the bus and some people prefer to board buses from other locations, nearby the E - seva centre.
Tanuku is considered mostly as posh and high profile location in the West Godavari district. Due to its vast all round development one can see lot of vertical growth in the town in terms of high rise buildings and apartments.
Rapid rise in population density is also one of the problems which could hinder infrastructure growth like expansion of roads, quality electricity supply, water distribution.
Major sources of employment are Agriculture, Health, Pharma, Industries, Real Estate, etc. Tanuku's high literacy rate and a couple of geographic advantages have helped its economic growth. It is a part of the Godavari River basin, which is one of the most fertile regions in the country. The Agriculturally richest hinter land surrounding Tanuku produce abundant Quantities of paddy, sugar cane, banana and other garden corps, there by attaining greater commercial and industrial importance. There are several industries located in the town viz., The Andhra Sugars limited, Costal Agro Industries etc. Sugarcane, Jaggery, Rocket Fuel, Medicine, Cotton oils, paper, fiber goods and it's by products are the most important commodities, which are manufactured and exported from this town. Tanuku is one of the few places in the country that has an abundance of UDMH-MMH (monomethylhydrazine), an important liquid rocket fuel very commonly used in the orbital maneuvering system (OMS) engines of NASA’s Space Shuttle.
Retail giants like Bombay Dyeing, Raymond and recently Peter England in textiles and Reliance, More in FMCGs have made their way to this town trying to tap the quick growing middle class income. IT enabled companies like ITON Corp, Canada based and Vectramind Technologies, Dubai based companies are among the few Corporate companies in Tanuku serving International clients.
Butta Bommalu is a typical folk dance, popular in Tanuku region. In this particular dance, the dancers wear masks of different characters and entertain people with their delicate movements, accompanied by non verbal music.
The proud legacy of Telugu language and culture is well preserved in the town through Nannayya Bhattaraka Peetham. This organisation conducts different events for school children, elders, prose poets and Avadhanis during festivals and other important days.
The Tanuku town has a close relation to the ART field. The people here are interested in ART who frequently visits Art Galleries across the World. There is a famous artist named Bhaskara Reddy who established an ART GALLERY in town outskirts named NA BHA ART GALLERY.
Apart from cinema, dramas of both mythological and social used to be staged. Two well known personalities of drama from Tanuku are Shanmukha Anjaneaya Raju (for Lord Srikrishna character)& Dr.Tetali Narasimha Rao (for social characters).
There are many temples in and around Tanuku like Yellaramma temple in Mandapaka, Subrahmanya swamy temple in Attili 12 km far, Mantalamba temple in Relangi and Suryalayam in Tanuku itself. There are 4 mosques around Tanuku, and the main mosque Masjid-E-Hanfipet is located in the heart of the Town. Siddheswara Swamy Temple, Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Shirdi Sai Baba Temple, Kesava Swamy Temple etc., are famous. Yellaramma Temple-Mandapaka, is situated in Mandapaka village which is 3.6 km from Tanuku, is one of the greatly patronised temple of ancient Kakatiya kings.
Tanuku is well connected to most of the cities and towns of Andhra Pradesh by the state road transport corporation A.P.S.R.T.C. Tanuku is situated at a distance of 32 km from Narsapur, 75 km from Eluru, 36 km from Bhimavaram, and 19 km from Tadepalligudem. The Town is accessible by bus and there are frequent buses from Narsapur, Palakollu, Tadepalligudem, Nidadavolu, Vijayawada and Eluru. NH-16, part of the Golden Quadrilateral (i.e., Kolkata to Chennai), passes through Tanuku.
Tanuku has frequent trains to several cities such as Chennai, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Tirupathi, Shirdi, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. Express Trains that pass through Tanuku Railway Station(TNKU) are Lokmanya Tilak Express, Visakha Express, Circar Express, Seshadri Express, Simhadri Link Express, Cocanada AC Express, Puri-Tirupati Express, Bilaspur-Tirupati Express and several other Passenger trains.
Rajahumundry is the nearest Domestic airport (50 km Approx). Gannavaram, Vijayawada is the other nearest domestic airport (110 km).