Bhimavaram

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Bhimavaram
భీమవరం
Municipality
Somarama Temple near Bhimavaram
Somarama Temple near Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°32′00″N 81°32′00″E / 16.5333°N 81.5333°E / 16.5333; 81.5333Coordinates: 16°32′00″N 81°32′00″E / 16.5333°N 81.5333°E / 16.5333; 81.5333
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Andhra
Metro Bhimavaram
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,42,184
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534201,2,3.....28
Area code(s) 8816
Vehicle registration AP-37

Bhimavaram is a town under Bhimavaram urban agglomeration in the West Godavari District in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Bhimavaram is also called the "Second Bardoli of India".[1] Mahatma Gandhi coined the name when he visited the city during the freedom movement in India. It is one of the Pancharama Kshetras (Somaramam) in AP state, as it has Someswara Swami temple. It is the aqua capital of the coastal area. Bhimavaram city is a shopping hub in the district for products like jewellery, cloth, seafood, electronics.

According to 2011 statistics, it comes under Bhimavaram Urban Uglomeration comprising Bhimavaram Municipality, Rayalam and Chinamiram villages.[2] Bhimavaram has many nicknames, being called by Mahatma Gandhi as the "second Bardoli" when he visited the city during the freedom movement in India, the second Mumbai for its economic strength, and the Las Vegas of India due to gambling being popular, especially gambling on cricket, cock-fighting during the festive season of Sankranthi.[3]

History[edit]

Along with much of present-day coastal Andhra Pradesh, Bhimavaram was controlled by the Chola Empire. Under Kulothunga Chola I, Bhimavaram was ruled by his sons who served as viceroys. Various stone inscriptions have been found in the city dating from his reign (c. 1096 C.E.).[4]


Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, the Bhimavaram metropolitan area has a population of 147,056.,[2] while the town itself has a population of 142,184 with 32,685 households.[5] 70,066 are male and 72,214 are female. Average literacy rate of Bhimavaram Town is 83.41 percent of which male and female literacy was 86.87 and 80.07 percent.[6]

Governance[edit]

The Bhimavaram Municipality was established in the year 1948.[7] There were many changes after that. One of them is re-division of wards into 39 wards by GO (Government Order) issued by Andhra Pradhesh government.[8]

Few major changes from 1948 onwards:[9]

  • 1948 April - Constituted as Grade III Municipality
  • 1949 August - First elected council
  • 1963 August - Upgraded as Grade II Municipality
  • 1967 October - Upgraded as Grade I Municipality
  • 1980 April - Upgraded as Special Grade Municipality
  • 2011 September - Upgraded as Selection Grade Municipality (current) [9]

Assembly constituency[edit]

Bhimavaram is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There were 194488[10] registered voters in the Bhimavaram constituency in the 2009 elections. The Bhimavaram legislative assembly constituency has been the centre of politics in the West Godavari District since its formation in 1952.

Economy[edit]

The Bhimavaram city is located in the middle of the Godavari Delta region and Agro based economy. It is one of the important trade center of Paddy in Andhra Pradesh. The Agro base industries like food processing, Prawn Culture, Rice Mills etc., are the main industries. The Town serves as distribution center as well as commercial center, to its hinterland. The city becomes the regional center for higher education and specialized health services.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Bhimavaram is an important commercial centre in the West Godavari District. Buses to this City are operated by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation(APSRTC) and private operators. The Town is well connected to different places around it with a convenient bus service through two bus stands (Old Bus Stand in Two Town area and New APSRTC Bus Stand in One Town area) and train routes to two railway stations(Town Railway Station in Two Town area, Junction Railway Station in One Town area). Buses, autos, taxis and rickshaws are the means of transport to travel within the city. Nearest International airports to Bhimavaram are Hyderabad and Chennai. The nearest domestic airports to Bhimavaram are Rajahmundry and Gannavaram.

Road[edit]

National highway 165 (Digamarru-Pamarru) (old name is NH 214, recently the name is changed) passes through this city. NH 5 is located around 40-50 kilometers from this city in many ways. Construction of bridge in Losari village of Bhimavaram mandal made easy accessibility to the city by people in Coastal villages who are far away from the big citis of their district (like Lakshmipuram, Matlam villages in Kruthivennu mandal of Krishna district.)

Rail[edit]

Bhimavaram has got two railway stations namely Bhimavaram Junction (railway station code: BVRM)[11] located in Bhimavaram-1 town, and the other one is more prominent Bhimavaram Town (railway station code: BVRT) located in Bhimavaram-2 town. Bhimavaram Junction railway station (BVRM) is the junction point for NS/BZA/NDD,

Religious places[edit]

Somaramam (Someswara Temple)

Bhimavaram is famous for the Gunupudi Someswara (Somarama) temple, which is one of the holy Pancharamas. Built during the 3rd century A.D., the Shiva lingam change its color according to the lunar month (Black at the time of amavasya, White at the time Pournami).

Sri Mavullamma (Universal Mother Goddess)

Sri Jaganmatha Mavullamma temple is believed Jaganmatha (Universal Mother goddess), is the incarnation of Mahakali (the goddess of Power) in olden days. It is located in midst of mango groves, so she is called 'Mavullamma' (Mamidi = Mango). It is believed that neighbour villagers treated her as their own villages mother goddess, So she is addressed as 'Mavullamma' (Mother goddess of my own village).

Notable people[edit]

Cinema

Science

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rao, P. Rajeswar (1991). The Great Indian patriots (2nd rev. ed. ed.). New Delhi: Mittal Publications. p. 94. ISBN 81-7099-288-5. 
  2. ^ a b "Bhimavaram Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  3. ^ History
  4. ^ a b "About Bhimavaram Municipality.". Bhimavaram Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Bhimavaram Town Population Census 2011". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Office of the Registar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2014-07-12. 
  7. ^ Bhimavaram Municipality
  8. ^ "Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department – Municipal Councils – Bhimavaram Municipality, West Godavari District". Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  9. ^ a b http://www.bhimavaraminfo.com/municipality.html Major Changes
  10. ^ Constituency Election Results
  11. ^ "BVRM/Bhimavaram Junction Railway Station". India Rail Info. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 

External links[edit]