Terrebonne, Quebec

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Terrebonne
City
Ville de Terrebonne
Terrebonne-Ecluse des Moulins.jpg
Location (red) within Les Moulins RCM.
Location (red) within Les Moulins RCM.
Terrebonne is located in Central Quebec
Terrebonne
Terrebonne
Location in central Quebec.
Terrebonne is located in Greater Montreal
Terrebonne
Terrebonne
Location of Terrebonne in Greater Montreal
Coordinates: 45°42′N 73°38′W / 45.700°N 73.633°W / 45.700; -73.633Coordinates: 45°42′N 73°38′W / 45.700°N 73.633°W / 45.700; -73.633[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Lanaudière
RCM Les Moulins
Settled 1673
Constituted June 27, 2001
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jean-Marc Robitaille
 • Governing Body Terrebonne City Council
 • Federal riding Terrebonne—Blainville / Montcalm
 • Prov. riding L'Assomption / Masson / Terrebonne
Area[2][3]
 • Total 158.60 km2 (61.24 sq mi)
 • Land 154.74 km2 (59.75 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 106,322
 • Density 687.1/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006–2011 Increase 12.3%
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J6W
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-25
A-640

Route 125
Route 337
Route 344
Website www.ville.
terrebonne.qc.ca

Terrebonne is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in western Quebec, Canada. It is located on the north shores of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and of the Rivière des Prairies, North of Montreal and Laval.

This city is divided in three sectors, namely Lachenaie, La Plaine and Terrebonne. In the past, these sectors were distinct cities, but, on 22 August 2001, they consented in merging and formed the new city under the name of Terrebonne. According to the 2011 Canadian Census Terrebonne has a population of 106,322,[3] making it Montreal's fourth largest suburb.

History[edit]

Terrebonne in 1810

The city of Lachenaie, which was founded in 1670 by Lord Charles Aubert de Lachenaye, is the oldest of the three cities that were merged.[citation needed] Some natives were already present on this territory at the time. The colonisation really started in 1647 when Lachenaie was merged with the Repentigny Seigniory. Louis Lepage de Ste-Claire, priest, canon, and the son of René Lepage de Sainte-Claire, acquired the Seigniory of Terrebonne on 2 September 1720. Abbot Louis Lepage de Ste-Claire built the first church in 1734 and the first manor in 1735. A few years later, Abbot Lepage equipped the city with both a saw mill and a flour mill.

The city of La Plaine was founded in 1830 on fragments of other cities, namely Mascouche, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Saint-Lin, and Terrebonne. At that time, the lords of Terrebonne and Lachenaie built the road named "chemin de la Grande Ligne" to join the two cities. It is now called the boulevard Laurier. In 1877, the rail system was developed and stimulated the economic growth. The village of Saint-Joachim was founded during that time, which was later, in 1920, to be renamed La Plaine.

The first lord of Terrebonne was André Daulier-Deslandes, who was granted his title in 1673. Following the construction of the first wooden bridge in 1834, two main areas emerged. The commercial area was Terrebonne, while the agricultural one was Saint-Louis de Terrebonne. In 1985, these two cities merged.

At the time of the municipal merger in late August 2001, Lachenaie had over 20,000 residents, La Plaine had 17,000 residents, and Terrebonne had almost 46,000 residents. This merger made Terrebonne the 10th largest city in Quebec. Ten years later, the city had around 106,322 citizens on 154.6 km2 (59.7 sq mi) of land, according to the 2011 Canadian Census.[3]

Infrastructure[edit]

Terrebonne is connected to Montreal's Central Station by commuter rail via the Terrebonne Station of the Agence métropolitaine de transport Mascouche Line.

The city of Terrebonne is also equipped with a bus network, namely Urbis, which enables residents to reach several metro stations both in Laval and Montreal, amongst many other locations. Some examples include bus line 30 (or 30G), which brings inhabitants of Terrebonne to the Radisson metro station on Sherbrooke Street East, bus line 19 (or 19G), which reaches Montmorency metro station in Laval, and bus line 25, whose terminal stop is at the Henri-Bourassa metro station.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Terrebonne, Quebec[6]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 39,700 —    
1996 42,214 +6.3%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 43,149 +2.2%
2001A 80,536 +86.6%
Year Pop. ±%
2006 94,703 +17.6%
2011 106,322 +12.3%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Terrebonne, Quebec[6]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
105,125
95,940 Increase 8.0% 91.26% 2,190 Increase 17.4% 2.08% 685 Increase 59.3% 0.65% 6,310 Increase 51.9% 6.00%
2006
94,385
87,935 Increase 115.8% 93.17% 1,865 Increase 122.0% 1.98% 430 Increase 132.4% 0.45% 4,155 Increase 324.0% 4.40%
2001
42,745
40,740 Increase 1.8% 95.31% 840 Increase 0.6% 1.97% 185 Decrease 13.9% 0.43% 980 Increase 24.8% 2.29%
1996
41,835
40,000 n/a 95.61% 835 n/a 2.00% 215 n/a 0.51% 785 n/a 1.88%

Education[edit]

University[edit]

The Université de Montréal has a small campus located near the Pierre Le Gardeur Hospital in the Lachenaie sector of the city of Terrebonne.

CEGEP[edit]

The Cégep régional de Lanaudière network has established a collegial institution, namely the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne, near Highway 640, in the Terrebonne sector of the city of Terrebonne.

Vocational studies[edit]

The city of Terrebonne counts several vocational education centers. The Centre de formation professionnelle des Riverains is located next to the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne in the Terrebonne sector.

High school[edit]

French-language public schools in Terrebonne Ouest are operated by the Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles (CSSMI).[7] Additionally, some schools within the city of Terrebonne are operated by the French Commission scolaire des Affluents and the English Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board.

Monuments and historic sites[edit]

Île-des-moulins[edit]

The Moulin neuf (New Mill) at the Île-des-moulins

The pre-industrial complex of the Île-des-moulins was amongst the most important ones in the province of Quebec during the 19th century. Although several infrastructures have degraded, a total of five buildings remain. The fourth lord of Terrebonne, Abbot Louis Lepage, had ordered the construction of the first flour mill in 1721 as well as the first saw mill around 1725.

In 1803, the bakery was built and established in the village. The actual saw and flour mills were built in 1804 and 1846, respectively. Four years following the construction of the flour mill that is currently standing at the Île-des-moulins to this day, the Moulin neuf (New Mill) was built in 1850. In addition, around the same time in 1850, the seigniory office was established.

In 1973, the Île-des-moulins was classified as a historic site of national interest by the Government of Quebec.[8]

Moulin-Neuf dam[edit]

The actual Moulin-Neuf dam with the pedestrian walkway at the Île-des-moulins in Terrebonne

The Moulin-Neuf dam allows for the flow regulation of the Rivière des Mille Îles, as well as ice accumulation control in the spring.

The first dam at the Île-des-moulins was built in 1721, following the establishment of the very first flour mill. This dam linked the Île-des-moulins to the Ile Saint-Jean, passing through the small Île aux moutons, located midway between the two islands in the Rivière des Mille Îles.

In 1872, the Masson family ordered the construction of a new dam near the location of the current historical one. However, this dam was rebuilt in cement in the year 1890 for reinforcement and increased resilience.

Nearly a century later, in 1972, the owner of the Île-des-moulins decided to destroy the dam with dynamite due to flooding risk. As a result, the dam underwent severe damage, prompting the city of Terrebonne to acquire the island and classify it as a protected historical site in 1973.

In 1979, the Ministère des Richesses naturelles du Québec ordered the reconstruction of the Moulin-Neuf dam, to which a pedestrian walkway is added to allow citizens, visitors, and tourists to walk from the Île-des-moulins to the larger Ile Saint-Jean. This new dam was built a certain distance away from the small Île aux moutons, making the dam significantly longer than the initial ones.

A picture of the Rivière des Mille Îles in Terrebonne, in which the Île Saint Jean the Île aux moutons and the Île-des-moulins can be seen from left to right, respectively.

Ecclesiastical architecture[edit]

The Saint-Louis-de-France Church in Terrebonne

The actual Saint-Louis-de-France Church in the Old Terrebonne (Vieux Terrebonne), near the historical site of the Île-des-moulins, was established in 1878, while the parish was founded in 1723 by Louis Lepage de Sainte-Claire, priest of the diocese of Quebec, parish priest of the Île Jésus, and lord of the Seigniory of Terrebonne. The parish was part of the diocese of Saint-Jérôme.

The current Saint-Louis-de-France Church built around the year 1878, the third since the foundation of the parish, was equipped with a Casavant organ in 1946.

In 1880, parish priest Piché, informally known as the bon monsieur Piché ("Good Mister Piché" in English), exhumed the bodies buried in the basement of the old church in order to place them in the crypt of the new one.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 62093 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 64008 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b c d e "Census Profile — Terrebonne, Ville". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-18. 
  6. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. ^ "Admission et inscription." Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Retrieved on December 7, 2014. "La Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles (CSSMI) offre ses services aux résidents des municipalités de : Blainville, Boisbriand, Bois-des-Filion, Deux-Montagnes, Lorraine, Mirabel (Saint-Augustin, Saint-Benoît, Sainte-Scholastique et secteur du Domaine-Vert), Oka, Pointe-Calumet, Rosemère, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Sainte-Thérèse, Saint-Eustache, Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, Saint-Placide et Terrebonne Ouest."
  8. ^ Interpretation Panel of the Île-des-moulins Historical Circuit, Terrebonne, Québec.

External links[edit]