Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Denman
PC, KC
Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman by Sir Martin Archer Shee.jpg
Lord Chief Justice of England
In office
1832–1850
Monarch William IV
Victoria
Preceded by The Lord Tenterden
Succeeded by The Lord Campbell
Interim Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
14 November 1834 – 15 December 1834
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister The Duke of Wellington (interim)
Preceded by Viscount Althorp
Succeeded by Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Personal details
Born 23 July 1779 (1779-07-23)
London
Died 26 September 1854 (1854-09-27)
Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Theodosia Vevers (d. 1852)
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge

Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman, PC KC (23 July 1779 – 26 September 1854) was a British lawyer, judge and politician. He served as Lord Chief Justice between 1832 and 1850.

Background and education[edit]

Denman was born in London, the son of Dr Thomas Denman. In his fourth year he attended Palgrave Academy in Suffolk, where his education was supervised by Anna Laetitia Barbauld and her husband.[1] He continued to Eton and St John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1800.[2] In 1806 he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, and at once entered upon practice.

Legal and judicial career[edit]

His success was rapid, and in a few years he attained a position at the bar second only to that of Henry Brougham and James Scarlett. He distinguished himself by his defence of the Luddites; but his most brilliant appearance was as one of the counsel for Queen Caroline. His speech before the House of Lords was very powerful, and some competent judges even considered it not inferior to Brougham's. It contained one or two daring passages, which made the King his bitter enemy, and retarded his legal promotion. Unfortunately he made a notable gaffe when he compared the Queen to the Biblical woman taken in adultery, who was told to "go away and sin no more". This suggested that her counsel had no belief in the Queen's innocence, and produced the mocking satire:

"Most Gracious Queen, we thee implore
To go away and sin no more
Or if that effort be too great
To go away at any rate".

At the general election of 1818 he was returned Member of Parliament for Wareham, and at once took his seat with the Whig opposition. In the following year he was returned for Nottingham, which seat he represented until 1826 and again from 1830 until his elevation to the bench in 1832. His liberal principles had caused his exclusion from office till in 1822 he was appointed Common Serjeant of London by the corporation of London. In 1830 he was made Attorney General under Lord Grey's administration. Two years later he was made Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and in 1834 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Denman, of Dovedale in the County of Derby. As a judge he is best remembered for his decision in the important privilege case of Stockdale v. Hansard (9 Ad. & El. I.; II Ad. & El. 253). In 1841 he presided, as Lord High Steward, over the trial in the House of Lords of the Earl of Cardigan for attempted murder. In O'Connell v the Queen, in 1844, he led the majority in quashing the conviction for sedition of Daniel O'Connell. This is a tribute to his integrity since O'Connell was regarded with aversion by the British ruling class; but Denman, as he made clear, could not accept that he had received a fair trial. In 1850 he resigned his chief justiceship and retired into private life. He was a Governor of the Charter House, and a Vice-President of the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy. He also strove with great energy, both as a writer and as a judge, to effect the abolition of the slave trade.[3]

Family[edit]

Lord Denman married Theodosia Anne, daughter of Reverend Richard Vevers, in 1804. His Derbyshire seat was Middleton Hall, Stoney Middleton. He died at Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire aged 75, and was succeeded in the barony by his son Thomas.

One son, Joseph Denman, was a British Naval officer and another, George Denman, was an MP and High Court Judge.

Cases[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Memoir of Mrs Barbauld by Lucy Aikin, p v". 
  2. ^ "Denman, Thomas (DNMN796T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Denman, Thomas". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Gordon
Theodore Henry Broadhead
Member of Parliament for Wareham
with John Calcraft

1818–1820
Succeeded by
John Calcraft
John Hales Calcraft
Preceded by
The Lord Rancliffe
Joseph Birch
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
with Joseph Birch

1820–1826
Succeeded by
Joseph Birch
The Lord Rancliffe
Preceded by
Joseph Birch
The Lord Rancliffe
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
with Sir Ronald Crauford Ferguson

1830–1832
Succeeded by
Sir Ronald Crauford Ferguson
Viscount Duncannon
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir James Scarlett
Attorney General for England and Wales
1830–1832
Succeeded by
Sir William Horne
Preceded by
The Lord Tenterden
Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench
1832–1850
Succeeded by
The Lord Campbell
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Althorp
Chancellor of the Exchequer
pro tempore
1834
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Denman
1834–1854
Succeeded by
Thomas Denman