Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Northbrook
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
26 August 1839 – 30 August 1841
|Prime Minister||The Viscount Melbourne|
|Preceded by||Thomas Spring Rice|
|Succeeded by||Henry Goulburn|
|Born||20 April 1796
|Died||6 September 1866
|Spouse(s)||(1) Jane Grey (1804–1838)
(2) Lady Arabella Howard (1809–1884)
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Francis Thornhill Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook PC (20 April 1796 – 6 September 1866), known as Sir Francis Baring, Bt, from 1848 to 1866, was a British Whig politician who served in the governments of Lord Melbourne and Lord John Russell.
A member of the famous Baring banking family, he was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Baring, 2nd Baronet, and his wife Mary Ursula, eldest daughter of Charles Sealy. Baring was educated at Winchester College and then Eton College. He obtained a double first class from Christ Church College, Oxford in 1817 and graduated with a Master of Arts four years later. In 1823, he was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn and in 1848, he succeeded his father as baronet.
Baring entered the British House of Commons in 1826, sitting as a Member of Parliament for Portsmouth until his retirement in 1865. A year later, he was raised to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Northbrook. Baring was appointed a Lord of the Treasury in 1830, a post he held for the next four years until June 1834. He was then a Secretary to the Treasury until November of the same year, executing this office again between 1835 and 1839. Subsequently Baring was sworn of the Privy Council and joined the cabinet as Chancellor of the Exchequer, serving until the fall of the Melbourne government in August 1841. He returned to the cabinet in January 1849, replacing Lord Auckland as First Lord of the Admiralty in Russell's cabinet, until its fall in 1852.
Baring was a member of the Canterbury Association. He met John Robert Godley on 24 November 1849 to discuss educational matters for the proposed settlement in Canterbury, New Zealand, and gave £600 for education as a memorial to Charles Buller, who had died in the previous year.
Lord Northbrook married firstly Jane Grey, daughter of the Hon. Sir George Grey, 1st Baronet, and niece of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, in 1825. After her death in 1838 he married secondly Lady Arabella Georgina Howard, second daughter of Kenneth Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham. There were children from both marriages. Lord Northbrook died in September 1866, aged 70, and was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, Thomas, who later was created Earl of Northbrook in 1876. Lady Northbrook died in December 1884, aged 75.
- Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 104.
- Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848-1852): A Study of Its Members’ Connections. Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Taylor, Isaac (1898). Names and their histories: a handbook of historical geography and topographical nomenclature (2 ed.). Rivingtons. p. 61.
- "Baring, Francis Thornhill". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Francis Baring
- Archival material relating to Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook listed at the UK National Archives
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Portsmouth
1826 – 1865
With: John Bonham-Carter 1826–1838
Sir George Staunton, Bt 1838–1852
The Viscount Monck 1852–1857
Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone 1857–1865
William Henry Stone
Thomas Spring Rice
|Chancellor of the Exchequer
1839 – 1841
The Earl of Auckland
|First Lord of the Admiralty
1849 – 1852
The Duke of Northumberland
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Northbrook
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
(Baring of Larkbeare, Devon)