Three sided football
Three-sided football is a variation of association football with three teams instead of the usual two. It was devised by the Danish Situationist Asger Jorn to explain his notion of triolectics, his refinement on the Marxian concept of dialectics, as well as to disrupt one's everyday idea of football. Played on a hexagonal pitch , the game can be adapted for similarity to soccer as well as other versions of football.
Unlike in conventional football, where the winner is determined by the highest scoring of the two teams, no score is kept of the goals which a team scores, but conversely a count is taken of the number of goals conceded and the winning team is that which concedes the fewest goals. The game purports to deconstruct the confrontational and bi-polar nature of conventional football as an analogy of class struggle in which the referee stands as a signifier of the state and media apparatus, posturing as a neutral arbitrator in the political process of ongoing class struggle.
It has been promoted in England, Scotland, Italy, Serbia, Poland and Austria by the Luther Blissett Three-sided Football League. The first known game, played on 28 May 1993, was organized by the London Psychogeographical Association on Glasgow Green as part of the Glasgow Anarchist Summer School. Participants included Richard Essex, Stewart Home and the members of The Workshop for Non-Linear Architecture.
Three-sided football has been practiced in various training sessions of the Association of Autonomous Astronauts in England, France, Italy and Austria, including the 1st Intergalactic Conference in Vienna (1997), the 2nd Intergalactic Conference in Bologna (1998), the Space 1999 in London, or as a protest event in Parc de La Villette during the 1998 two-sided football World Cup in Paris.
On 31 October 2009, a three sided football competition was organised in Lyon during the Biennale d'art contemporain de Lyon. The subversive event was a confrontation of the non spectacular sense of the original game with the main title of the Biennale, Le Spectacle du Quoditidien. The manifestation took place in Stade Laurent Gérin, Vénissieux and was organised by Pied La Biche association.
A three-sided football game, with each team representing one of the main political parties, was played on 2 May 2010 in Haggerston Park, London in the run-up to the UK General Election. This match was organised by Whitechapel Gallery in conjunction with Philosophy Football FC. The match was won by Philosophy Football FC, representing Labour, who conceded no goals to the Conservatives' 2 and Lib Dems' 3. Philosophy Football FC later organised and competed in the first ever three-sided football match to be played in Spain, on 7 May 2011, which was discussed by journalist Sid Lowe in the Guardian's football podcast. Lowe's team won 3-5-5.
In an event called "Thinking Football", aiming to reflect on the role of football in modern society, the Athletic de Bilbao Foundation organised among other things a three sided football championship taking place from October 2011 to April 2012 with 37 participant teams.
The Deptford Three Sided Football Club (D3FC) was founded in February 2012 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Jorn's invention of the game in his 1962 book Naturens Orden. Games are now held every other Sunday between D3FC and other local clubs at the Deptford Green Hexagon in Fordham Park, South East London.
The first three-sided football match in Turkey was organized by InEnArt on 14 September 2013, to coincide with the 13th Istanbul Biennial. The match was played in front of Kadir Has University, Istanbul between Philosophy Football FC from the UK, Dynamo Windrad from Germany and Ayazma FC from Turkey. The referee was Halil İbrahim Dinçdağ, who was suspended by the Turkish Football Federation in 2009 because of his sexuality. Geoff Andrews, manager of Philosophy Football FC, launched the International 3Sided Football Federation before this match.
- Three Sided Football rules
- An account of a Three Sided Football match from Goal! magazine, August 1996
- Three Sided Football in real (26 min video)
- The Deptford Three Sided Football Club Blog, reporting on D3FC and all things 3sf
- First ever Three Sided Football Match in Turkey
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- Naturens Orden. The Silkeborg Interpretation vs The Copenhagen Interpretation. Borgens Forlag. 1962. ISBN 87-418-3080-6. page 38.
- "Deptford Three Sided Football Club".
- "Philosophers become cultured barbarians in city of protest". InEnArt magazine. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Der Kunst des Protests". Das Erste. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "Gay Referee: Being Out Isn't All About Rainbows". Compete. Retrieved 1 October 2013.