Timeline of al-Qaeda attacks

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The following is a list of attacks which have been carried out by Al-Qaeda or al-Qaeda in Iraq.

1990s[edit]

  • On December 29, 1992,[1] the first attack by Al-Qaeda was carried out in Aden, Yemen[2][3][4] known as the 1992 Yemen Hotel Bombings. That evening, a bomb went off at the Gold Mohur hotel, where U.S. troops had been staying while en route to Somalia, though the troops had already left when the bomb exploded. The bombers targeted a second hotel, the Aden Movenpick, where they believed American troops might also be staying. That bomb detonated prematurely in the hotel car park, around the same time as the other bomb explosion, killing two Australian tourists.[1][3] Bin Laden later claimed that he and Mohamed Khan were responsible for the 1992 Yemen attack.[2]
  • The 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurred on February 26, 1993, when Ramzi Yousef parked a rented van full of explosives in the parking garage beneath the World Trade Center. The explosion claimed six victims, and over one thousand people were wounded. Ramzi Yousef, the nephew of 9/11 planner Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, had trained in Afghanistan, although Khalid Sheikh Mohammed did not join Al Qaeda until 1998. Yousef worked in cooperation with the blind sheikh Omar Abdul-Rahman who was living across the Hudson, in Jersey City, at the time of the attack.
  • On November 13, 1995, five Americans and two Indians were killed in the truck bombing of a US-operated Saudi National Guard training center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.[8]
  • In August 1998, Al-Qaeda operatives carried out the bombings of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing more than 200 people and injuring more than 5,000 others.[9]

2000s[edit]

USS Cole after it was bombed
  • In December 1999 and into 2000, al-Qaeda planned attacks against U.S. and Israeli tourists visiting Jordan for millennial celebrations; however, Jordanian authorities thwarted the planned attacks and put 28 suspects on trial. Part of this plot included the planned bombing of LAX, but this plot was foiled when bomber Ahmed Ressam was caught at the US-Canadian border with explosives in the trunk of his car. Al-Qaeda also planned to attack the USS The Sullivans on January 3, 2000, but the effort failed due to too much weight being put on the small boat meant to bomb the ship.
  • Despite the setback with the USS The Sullivans, al-Qaeda succeeded in bombing a U.S. warship in October 2000 with the USS Cole bombing. A day later, a grenade was thrown at the British embassy in Yemen, blowing up one of its electric generators.[10][11]
  • On September 9, 2001, two Tunisian members of al-Qaeda assassinated Ahmed Shah Massoud, the leader of the Northern Alliance. One of the suicide attackers was killed by the explosion, while the other was captured and shot while trying to escape. It is believed that Osama Bin Laden ordered Massoud's assassination to help his Taliban protectors and ensure he would have their co-operation in Afghanistan.[12]
  • The most destructive act ascribed to al-Qaeda was the series of attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001. Four commercial airliners were hijacked. Two of these were crashed into the Twin Towers which later collapsed, destroying the rest of the World Trade Center building complex. The third was crashed into the Pentagon and the fourth in a field during a struggle between passengers and hijackers to control the airplane. An investigation conducted after the attacks concluded that members of al-Qaeda planned and orchestrated the attacks. Osama bin Laden initially denied his organization's involvement,[13] but later in 2004 admitted his organization was responsible.
  • The April 11, 2002 Ghriba synagogue bombing occurred when a natural gas truck fitted with explosives drove past security barriers at the ancient Ghriba Synagogue on the Tunisian island of Djerba. The truck detonated at the front of the synagogue, killing 14 German tourists, three Tunisians, and two French nationals. More than 30 others were wounded. Al Qaeda later claimed responsibility for the attack.[14]
  • The 2002 Limburg bombing occurred on 6 October 2002. The Limburg was carrying 397,000 barrels (63,100 m3) of crude oil from Iran to Malaysia, and was in the Gulf of Aden off Yemen to pick up another load of oil. It was registered under a French-flag and had been chartered by the Malaysian petrol firm Petronas. While it was some distance offshore, an explosives-laden dinghy rammed the starboard side of the tanker and detonated. The vessel caught on fire and approximately 90,000 barrels (14,000 m3) of oil leaked into the Gulf of Aden. Although Yemeni officials initially claimed that the explosion was caused by an accident, later investigations found traces of TNT on the damaged ship. One crew member, a 38 year-old Bulgarian named Atanas Atanasov, was killed, and 12 other crew members were injured.
  • On October 8, 2002 two Kuwaiti citizens with ties to jihadist in Afghanistan launched the Faylaka Island attack against United States Marines.[15][16][17] The Marines were on a training exercise on Failaka Island, an island off the cost of Kuwait, on a training exercise. One Marine was killed, and another was seriously injured. The two Kuwaitis, Anas Al Kandari and Jassem al-Hajiri were also killed. They were reported to have served as volunteers with the Taliban, in Afghanistan, prior to the American response to the attacks of September 11, 2001.
  • The 2002 Mombasa attacks occurred on 28 November 2002 in Kenya. Al Qaeda later claimed responsibility for the attacks.[18]
  • The 2003 Riyadh compound bombings occurred on 12 May 2003, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 39 people were killed, and over 160 wounded.
  • On 8 November 2003, on the day the US State Department warned of further attacks in Saudi Arabia, a suicide truck bomb detonated outside the Al-Mohaya housing compound in Laban Valley, West of Riyadh, killing 18 people and wounding 122.[19]
  • The 2003 Casablanca bombings occurred on May 16, 2003 in Casablanca, Morocco. 45 people were killed as a result of these attacks (12 suicide-bombers and 33 victims).
  • The 2003 Marriott Hotel bombing occurred on August 5, 2003 in Jakarta, Indonesia. A suicide bomber detonated a car bomb outside the lobby of the JW Marriott Hotel, killing twelve people and injuring 150. Those killed were mostly Indonesian, with the exception of one Dutch.
  • The 2003 Istanbul bombings were four truck bomb attacks carried out on November 15, 2003 and November 20, 2003, in Istanbul, Turkey, leaving 67 people dead, and 700 wounded. Several men have been convicted for their involvement.
  • A suicide car bombing at the Doha Players theater in Qatar on March 19, 2005, which was the first attack of its kind in the nation, killed a British citizen and injured fifteen other people.[23]
  • The 7 July 2005 London bombings occurred when four members of Al-Qaeda, three of British Pakistani descent and one of British Jamaican descent attacked London's public transport on July 7, 2005. Three bombs were detonated on the London Underground and one on a double decker bus. The attacks took place between 8.50 am and 9.47 am. 56 people died during the attacks (including 4 terrorists) and around 700 were injured. The attack occurred the day after the city was selected to host the 2012 Summer Olympics.
  • The 2005 Bali bombings occurred on 1 October 2005 in Bali, Indonesia. 20 people were killed, and over 100 wounded.[19]
  • The Battle of Wanat occurred on July 13, 2008, when forces including Al-Qaeda and Taliban guerrillas attacked NATO troops near the village of Wanat in the Waygal district in Afghanistan's far eastern province of Nuristan. The Battle of Wanat has been described as the "Black Hawk Down" of the War in Afghanistan, as one of the bloodiest attacks of the war and one of several attacks on remote outposts.[8] In contrast to previous roadside bombs and haphazard attacks and ambushes, this attack was well coordinated with fighters from many insurgent and terrorist groups with an effort that was disciplined and sustained which was able to target key assets such as the TOW launcher with precision.
  • Shortly after the arrest of Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab in the December 25, 2009 bombing attack on Northwest Airlines Flight 253, the suspect reportedly told officials he had traveled to Yemen for training by Al-Qaeda, although British counterterrorism officials dismissed the claims.[29] President Barack Obama's top security official Janet Napolitano on December 27 stated "Right now we have no indication it's part of anything larger", warning it would be "inappropriate to speculate" that Al-Qaeda had sent Abdulmutallab on a suicide mission. On December 28, President Obama called it an "attempted terrorist attack" and promised to "to use every element of our national power to disrupt, to dismantle and defeat the violent extremists who threaten us, whether they are from Afghanistan or Pakistan...".[30] That same day, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula claimed responsibility for the attack.[31] The group released photos of Nigerian Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab smiling in a white shirt and white Islamic skullcap with the Al Qaeda in Arabian Peninsula banner in the background. On January 8, 2010, President Barack Obama took responsibility for security lapses exposed by the attack, declaring in televised remarks "We are at war against Al-Qaeda", noting "our adversaries will seek new ways to evade them, as was shown by the Christmas attack"[32] By February 2010, the suspect told federal investigators that cleric Anwar al-Awlaki gave him orders to carry out the attack. Al-Jazeera reported that Awlaki issued a statement that "Brother mujahed Umar Farouk – may God relieve him – is one of my students, yes... We had kept in contact, but I didn't issue a fatwa to Umar Farouk for this operation,".[33]
  • An Al-Qaeda agent posing as a double agent killed 7 CIA officers in the Camp Chapman attack on December 30, 2009. The Jordanian man, thought to be an American asset penetrating Al-Qaeda was brought in the wire of the camp and detonated an explosive belt, killing 7 CIA, 1 Jordanian intelligence officer, and seriously wounding six others.[34]
  • In the Cargo planes bomb plot two packages, each containing a bomb consisting of 300 to 400 grams (11–14 oz) of plastic explosives and a detonating mechanism, were found on On October 29, 2010 on separate cargo planes. The bombs were discovered as a result of intelligence received from Saudi Arabia's security chief. They were bound from Yemen to the United States, and were discovered at en route stop-overs, in England and in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.
  • The In Amenas hostage crisis began on 16 January 2013, when al-Qaeda-linked terrorists affiliated with a brigade led by Mokhtar Belmokhtar took over 800 people hostage at the Tigantourine gas facility near In Amenas, Algeria. At least 39 foreign hostages were killed along with an Algerian security guard, as were 29 militants.[citation needed]

Iraq attacks[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bomb blasts rockbreezy two hotels in Yemen". Reuters / The Globe and Mail. December 30, 1992. 
  2. ^ a b Wright 2006, p. 174
  3. ^ a b Scheuer, Michael (2002). Through Our Enemies' Eyes. Brassey's. p. 135. 
  4. ^ MacLeod, S. (17 September 2008). "In Yemen, a Massacre of Americans Is Averted". TIME Magazine. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Eckholm, Erik (March 2, 2003). "Pakistanis Arrest Qaeda Figure Seen as Planner of 9/11.". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ "Terrorism in Southeast Asia". Parliamentary Library. Parliament of Australia. 
  7. ^ Bonner, R.; Weiser, B. (11 August 2006). "Echoes of Early Design to Use Chemicals to Blow Up Airliners". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Zernike, K.; Kaufman, M. T. (2 May 2011). "The Most Wanted Face of Terrorism". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Lough, Richard (August 19, 2008). "Pursuing al-Qaeda in Horn of Africa". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved January 20, 2009. 
  10. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/world/2000/oct/14/israel.alqaida
  11. ^ http://www.afghanistannewscenter.com/news/2000/october/oct19j2000.htm
  12. ^ http://www.rulit.net/books/the-black-banners-read-249656-72.html
  13. ^ "Interview with Osama bin Laden. Denies his Involvement in 9/11". Global Research. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Al-Qaeda claims Tunisia attack". BBC News. 23 June 2002. 
  15. ^ Eric Schmidt (2002-10-09). "U.S. Marine Is Killed in Kuwait As Gunmen Strike Training Site". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-11-06. Retrieved 2009-07-31. "The marines were conducting an urban assault exercise on Failaka Island, in the Persian Gulf off Kuwait City, when two Kuwaitis driving a pickup truck opened fire with AK-47 automatic rifles on a group of marines who were training with blank rounds, Pentagon officials said. The assailants were shot to death when they raced up the road and fired on a second cluster of troops, the officials said." 
  16. ^ Stewart Bell (2005). The Martyr's Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-83683-5. Archived from the original on 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  17. ^ Dave Moniz (2002-10-08). "Kuwaiti gunmen kill 1 Marine in training". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  18. ^ "THREATS AND RESPONSES: THE TERROR NETWORK; Qaeda Claims Kenya Attacks; Promises More". The New York Times. 9 December 2002. 
  19. ^ a b http://www.rulit.net/books/the-black-banners-read-249656-127.html
  20. ^ Judgment of the attacks. El país, 2008.
  21. ^ Al Qaeda claimed the attacks in Madrid. 20 minutos, 2007.
  22. ^ "Lessons from al-Qaeda's Attack on the Khobar Compound", by Abdul Hameed Bakier, August 11, 2006, The Jamestown Foundation
  23. ^ http://www.rulit.net/books/the-black-banners-read-249656-128.html
  24. ^ Warrick, Joby (9 January 2009). "Jan. 1 Attack By CIA Killed Two Leaders Of Al-Qaeda". The Washington Post. 
  25. ^ "'We assassinated America's precious asset,' boasts top al Qaeda commander". Daily Mail (London). 29 December 2007. 
  26. ^ "Al Qaeda linked to Danish embassy attack". CNN. June 3, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2009. 
  27. ^ "Danish embassy bomber "from Mecca"-al Qaeda leader". Reuters. July 22, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2009. 
  28. ^ Warrick, Joby (9 January 2009). "Jan. 1 Attack By CIA Killed Two Leaders Of Al-Qaeda". The Washington Post. 
  29. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jan/07/airline-bomb-plot-alqaida-london Airline bomb plot accused 'joined al-Qaida in London'
  30. ^ Transcript of Obama remarks on airline security and terror watch lists
  31. ^ CBS News Dec. 28, 2009 Al Qaeda: We Planned Flight 253 Bombing Terrorist Group Says It Was In Retaliation for U.S. Operation in Yemen; Obama Orders Reviews of Watchlist and Air Safety
  32. ^ Obama Orders New Security Measures, Takes Responsibility For Lapse January 8, 2010
  33. ^ CBS News Feb. 5, 2010 Abdulmutallab: Cleric Told Me to Bomb Jet
  34. ^ Baer, Robert (January 8, 2010). "The Khost CIA Bombing: Assessing the Damage in Afghanistan". TIME. Retrieved May 3, 2011. 
  35. ^ http://www.meobservatory.com/auvideo/Sahab-Mustafa-Abu-Al-Yazid-in-Posthumous-Audio-Message.shtml
  36. ^ a b CNN Wire Staff (November 5, 2010). "Yemen-based al Qaeda group claims responsibility for parcel bomb plot". CNN. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  37. ^ Chicago Synagogue Cites Web Visits From Egypt, Lauren Etter, The Wall Street Journal, October 31, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  38. ^ "Al-Qaeda plot: flight ban on freight from Somalia". London: Telegraph. November 1, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Scores killed in Baghdad attacks". BBC News. September 14, 2005. 
  40. ^ Attack on Baghdad Shiite slum kills 160 - Yahoo! News (Link dead as of 15 January 2007)
  41. ^ "Terror takes toll on market, vendors". The Washington Times. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2007. 
  42. ^ Al-Jazeera, Iraqi justice minister resigns
  43. ^ BBC News, Up to 200 killed in Baghdad bombs
  44. ^ Cave, Damien; Glanz, James (August 21, 2007). "Toll in Iraq Truck Bombings Is Raised to More Than 500". The New York Times.
  45. ^ "Baghdad bomb fatalities pass 150". BBC News. October 26, 2009. 
  46. ^ "Iraq attacks kill more than 100". BBC News. May 10, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Blasts in Baghdad kill at least 63". CNN. November 2, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]