Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline

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Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline
Country Turkey
General information
Type Natural gas
Owner TANAP project company
Partners SOCAR
Operator SOCAR
Construction started 2014
Expected 2018
Technical information
Length 2,000 km (1,200 mi)
Maximum discharge 16×10^9 m3 (570×10^9 cu ft) per year

The Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline (TANAP) is a proposed natural gas pipeline from Azerbaijan through Turkey to Europe. If constructed, it would transport gas from the second stage of the Shah Deniz gas field.


The project was announced on 17 November 2011 at the Third Black Sea Energy and Economic Forum in Istanbul.[1] On 26 December 2011, Turkey and Azerbaijan signed a memorandum of understanding establishing a consortium to build and operate the pipeline.[2][3][4]

In spring 2012, the process of conducting the technical-economic feasibility study was launched.[5] On 26 June 2012, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan signed a binding intergovernmental agreement on the pipeline.[6][7]


The pipeline is expected to cost US$7 billion. The construction is planned to start in 2014 and to be completed by 2018.[7]

The planned capacity of the pipeline would be 16 billion cubic metres (570 billion cubic feet) of natural gas per year at initial stage and would be increased later up to 23 billion cubic metres (810 billion cubic feet) by 2023, 31 billion cubic metres (1.1 trillion cubic feet) by 2026, and at the final stage 60 billion cubic metres (2.1 trillion cubic feet) to be able to transport additional gas supplies from Azerbaijan and, if the Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline, from Turkmenistan.[7][8][9] Its capacity would be increased by adding parallel loops and compressor stations according to the increase of available supplies.[9] It is not decided yet if the pipeline will use 48-or-56-inch (1,200 or 1,400 mm) pipes.[10]


The pipeline will run from Georgian–Turkish border to Turkish European border.[3] The exact route of the pipeline is not clear. However, it was announced that one branch from Turkey would go to Greece and the other to Bulgaria.[11] It would be connected with Trans Adriatic Pipeline.[10][12]

Project company[edit]

SOCAR (80%), BOTAŞ (15%), and TPAO (5%) are the founding members of the consortium.[2][3][4] SOCAR has the right to sell a part of its shares to minority partners.[5] BP has agreed to acquire 12% stake in this project.[10] The TANAP project company will be headquartered in the Netherlands.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Demirmen, Ferruh (2011-12-19). "BP-SOCAR duo deliver 'coup de grace' to Nabucco". Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  2. ^ a b "Turkey, Azerbaijan sign pipeline deal". Las Vegas Sun. The Associated Press. 2011-12-27. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  3. ^ a b c "SOCAR "pegged" 80% for itself in Trans–Anatolian gas pipeline". 2011-12-127. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  4. ^ a b Peker, Emre (2011-12-25). "Turkey, Azeris to Form Gas Link Venture Next Year, Anatolia Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  5. ^ a b Socor, Vladimir (2012-04-04). "Interest Growing All-Round in Trans-Anatolia Pipeline Project". Eurasia Daily Monitor 9 (70) (Jamestown Foundation). Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  6. ^ "Turkey, Azerbaijan sign gas pipeline deal". Bloomberg Businessweek. Associated Press. 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-06-28. 
  7. ^ a b c d Socor, Vladimir (2012-06-27). "Aliyev, Erdogan Sign Inter-Governmental Agreement on Trans-Anatolia Gas Pipeline to Europe". Eurasia Daily Monitor 9 (122) (Jamestown Foundation). Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  8. ^ Blank, Stephen (2012-05-04). "Russia Again Seeks to Quash the Trans-Caspian Pipeline". Eurasia Daily Monitor 9 (85) (Jamestown Foundation). Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  9. ^ a b Socor, Vladimir (2012-09-11). "Azerbaijan Drives the Planning on Trans-Anatolia Gas Pipeline Project". Eurasia Daily Monitor 9 (164) (Jamestown Foundation). Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  10. ^ a b c Socor, Vladimir (15 January 2014). "SCP, TANAP, TAP: Segments of the Southern Gas Corridor to Europe". Eurasia Daily Monitor 11 (8) (Heritage Foundation). Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  11. ^ Agayev, Zulfugar (2011-12-23). "Pipeline to Ship Azeri Gas to Central Europe, Balkans, WSJ Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  12. ^ "One sure winner emerges in southern gas corridor race". Euractiv. 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2013-03-08.