Tuni

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Tuni
తుని
Tuni is located in Andhra Pradesh
Tuni
Tuni
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°21′N 82°33′E / 17.35°N 82.55°E / 17.35; 82.55Coordinates: 17°21′N 82°33′E / 17.35°N 82.55°E / 17.35; 82.55
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District East Godavari
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 53,425
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 533401
Telephone code 91 08854
Vehicle registration AP 05
KummariLova nearby to Tuni on the banks of Thandava River is an important Buddhist site in Andhra Pradesh
Tuni town view from Railway station

Tuni is a major town in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a major commercial marketing center for more than forty surrounding villages in the East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh. Sunday is Santha market fare day. Tuni is known for mango export, nearly 250 varieties of mangoes are available here. It is also famous for betel leaves grown in and around the place and jute bags. Cashew nuts are another major produced variety in Tuni. It is the Mandal town for the nearby villages of Atikivanipalem, Chamavaram, Chepuru, D.polavaram, Dondavaka, Hamsavaram, K.O.Mallavaram, Kolimeru, Kothuru, Kummarilova, N.Suravaram, Rapaka, Rekhavanipalem, S.Annavaram, Talluru, Tetagunta, Timmapuram, Valluru and Venkatanagaram.

History[edit]

Tuni may be a historical site dated back to 1st century CE in connection with Buddhism, which flourished in the nearby hillocks and villages such as Gopalapatnam, Satyavaram and KummariLova nearby to the town of Tuni on the banks of Thandava River. The Buddhist monks would have resided in Kummarilova village (Kummararam) from the 2nd century CE to 6th century CE and propagated Buddhism. The Buddhist 'aramas' and 'stupas' found in the village are testimony for their presence, they said. This village is being called 'Panchasheela Buddhist centre' as five Buddhist 'stupas' were found here in recent times. Archaeology authorities have found a Buddhist site at Kummarilova of Tuni during a general survey carried out recently in the area.

Modern History is in connection with the Kshatriyas of Vatsavai Dynasty, where it was a PARGANA(a sub-division in 15 th Century) in Keemarseema, and after the division it became the capital of KOTTAM ESTATE, Tuni is a famous marketplace since 19th century CE. Tuni Railway station has an important prominence on the Howrah-Madras railway line during the time of British India and also after Independence.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2012 India census,[2] Tuni had a population of 400,000. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 47%. Tuni has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 66%. In Tuni, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography[edit]

Tuni is located at 17.35°N 82.55°E. It has an average elevation of 16 metres (46 ft)

Economy[edit]

A famous and one of the oldest sugar factories of Andhra Pradesh Tandava sugars is located here.A large number of handloom industries, about a 20 cashew nut industries are located here.

Assembly constituency[edit]

Tuni is an assembly constituency (consisting of Mandals : Kotananduru, Tuni and Thondangi) in Andhra Pradesh. There were 163,024 registered voters in Tuni constituency in 1999 elections.

Transportation[edit]

National Highway 5,a part of golden quadrilateral passes through the town. APSRTC runs frequent bus services to major cities, such as Rajamundry, Kakinada, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam etc., and also to the nearby villages. Tuni lies on the major line of VijayawadaVisakhapatnam line being a part of ChennaiHowrah line. Nearest airport is Visakhapatnam Airport, at 100 km drive.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Annavaram, a sacred place of Lord Satyanarayana Swamy is an 18 km drive from Tuni. Sri Talupulamma Lova Temple, a sacred place of Goddess Talupulamma Talli. Seacoast and a lighthouse for ships at Pentakota village, located at 11.5 km.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.