||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2012)|
|Nickname(s): Fertilizer City, Pensioner's Paradise|
|• Member of Parliament||M. M. Pallam Raju|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Kakinada City – D. Chandrasekhar Reddy (Congress), Kakinada Rural – K. Kannababu (Cong)|
|• City||192.3 km2 (74.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Rank||10, AP|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||533,001 – 533016|
|Telephone code||91 884|
|Vehicle registration||AP5, AP6|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kakinada|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Kakinada City, Kakinada Rural|
|Climate||Tropical savanna (Köppen)|
|Avg. annual temperature||26 °C (79 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||40 °C (104 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||24 °C (75 °F)|
Kakinada (Telugu: కాకినాడ) pronunciation (help·info) is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located 465 kilometres (289 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad. It is also the headquarters of East Godavari district. It is nicknamed "Fertilizer City" (owing to the large concentration of fertiliser plants), "Pensioner's Paradise" and "Second Madras". The city had an urban population of 312,936 in 2011, making it the sixth largest city by area and the ninth largest city by population in Andhra Pradesh. Its population consists of 157,573 males and 155,363 females. The sex ratio of Kakinada city is 1046 per 1000 females. It is spread over an area of 190 km2.
Kakinada is part of a Special Economic Zone and a proposed "Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region (PCPIR)". It is a hub to all the deep sea exploratory activity in the region due to its deep-water sea port and its proximity to the gas fields.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Civic administration
- 5 Transportation
- 6 SCR-Railway stations in Kakinada
- 7 Economy
- 7.1 Kakinada port
- 7.2 Industries
- 7.3 Coconut
- 8 City
- 9 FM Stations
- 10 Health care
- 11 Education
- 12 Tourism
- 13 Demographics
- 14 People
- 15 Notable residents
- 16 Food
- 17 Sports
- 18 See also
- 19 References
- 20 External links
Several theories exist regarding the origin of the name Kakinada. One is that the place was called 'Kakinandiwada' during the reign of Nandi chiefs who ruled prior to the arrival of the Europeans and the name got truncated to Kakinada over time. The British used to call it Cocanada (pronounced "Caa-key-naada"). After Independence, the name was renaturalised to Kakinada, although a few organisations established during the British colonial rule retain the old name (e.g., Cocanada Chamber of Commerce). As per history this place was full of ponds filled with red lotus which is called as Kokanadamu in Telugu. Eventually this became CoCanada during the British rule. Even now, the City's two railway stations are codenamed CCT (Kakinada Town Junction) and COA (Kakinada Port) by Indian Railways. Kakinada is also known as "Pensioners Paradise", as it shares it calm and pleasant environment to the retired and old-age people. Some of the people locally conjures Kakinada as second Madras as they have some similar properties.
Kakinada is located at  The 82½ degrees east longitude, with respect to which IST (Indian Standard Time) is calculated, passes through Kakinada. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 ft) and many areas of the city are below sea level. The city has roughly a north-south orientation and is confined to a long narrow strip parallel to the sea coast. The average width of the city is around 6 km but its length is around 15 km. It can be divided into two broad regions. The city in the south called Jagannathapuram is separated from the rest of the city by Buckingham Canal. A couple of bridges connect these parts. This canal and its branches form Medaline Island, which abuts the city in the southwest..
The northern part consists of the more modern part of the city and its recent outgrowth. The eastern part is separated from coastline by an industrial belt, running north-south through the entire length of the city. The city is bordered in the south east by Kakinada bay and a marshy wetland, home to India's second largest mangrove forest and Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the branches of the mighty River Godavari, the Gouthami, flows into the Bay of Bengal at this point.
||Warangal, Karimnagar, Pune, Mumbai||Raipur, Patna, Lucknow, Kanpur, New Delhi||Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneshwar, Kolkata|
|Rajahmundry, Hyderabad, Khammam, Solapur, Goa||Bay of Bengal|
|Tenali, Vijayawada, Guntur, Nellore, Tirupati, Chittoor, Chennai, Bangalore||Yanam, Amalapuram, Bhimavaram, Narsapur, Gudivada, Pamarru, Ongole||Bay of Bengal|
Distances to other cities in Andhra Pradesh
- Hyderabad: 575 km
- Vijayawada: 210 km
- Rajahmundry: 60 km
- Visakhapatnam: 160 km
- Tirupati: 629 km
- Warangal:390 km
Kakinada has a Tropical savanna climate. The weather is hot and humid for most of the year. The hottest part of the year is late May to early June with maximum temperatures around 38–42 °C (100–108 °F). The coolest part of the year is January, with minimum temperatures around 18–20 °C (64–68 °F). The city gets most of its seasonal rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds although a good deal of rains greet these parts during the northeast monsoon from mid-October to mid-December. Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal frequently hit the city. Prevailing winds in Kakinada are usually southwesterly for most part of the year except during October to January when they blow north-easterly. The city experiences an average annual rainfall between 110 and 115 centimetres.
|Climate data for Kakinada|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||20
|Precipitation mm (inches)||41
The city of Kakinada is run by the Kakinada Municipal Corporation, consisting of elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into 50 wards and each ward elects a corporator through direct ballot. A mayor is elected for the entire city among the elected corporators by indirect ballot. The commissioner who is an IAS is appointed by the state government. Apart from this, the city is represented at the state level in the Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly by two MLAs and at the federal level in the Lok Sabha by an MP.
The nearest airport is located at Rajahmundry, about 65 km.' The other nearest major airport is at Visakhapatnam at a distance of 145 km and has the services of many airline operators to major cities in the country, a new airport is planned in Kakinada in addition to the Rajahmundry airport.
Rail (South Central Railway)
Kakinada Railway Stations (cct,coa new,coa,Slo)
As a city located on the sea shore, Kakinada is a railway terminus. It has railway stations, namely Kakinada Town Junction(CCT) (1.2 km), Kakinada Port(COA) (1.8 km) and Sarpavaram (6.5 km), Kakinada is connected to Samalkot Junction (13 km) which is on the Chennai-Howrah trunk line, where almost all express trains stop to connect Kakinada with the important places of the country. There are direct daily trains running to Hyderabad, Secundrabad(a/c express), Mumbai (Bi-weekly), Bangalore, Chennai, Tirupati, Shirdi(tri weekly) and Bhavnagar (weekly) and also special trains running all through the year to Hyderabad(janatha express) and Ernakulam.
There is a demand for construction of the long waited Kakinada – Pitapuram railway line of 21 km length which connects Kakinada to the main line apart from extending the Kakinada-Kotipalli railway line to Narsapur which will bring rail connectivity to Konaseema region.
SCR-Railway stations in Kakinada
- Kakinada Port (COA)
- Kakinada Town (CCT) 3 km
- Samalkot Jn. (SLO) 12 km
- Kovvada (KVD) 10 km
- Sarpavaram (SVM) 8 km
- Old Port 1 km
Trains from Kakinada Terminal
Express trains from Kakinada (COA,CCT)
- Kakinada Town-Mumbai LTT (17222/17221)- bi-weekly express (via Vijayawada, Guntur, Miryalaguda, Secunderabad, Pune, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus) (introduction date will be announced soon)
- Cocanada AC sper-fast express. Kakinada-Secunderabad 12775/12776 (via Rajahmundry,Bhimavaram, Gudivada, Vijayawada,Warangal)
- Gowthami super-fast Express Kakinada Port Secunderabad /12737 (via Vijayawada,Warangal)
- Kakinada Express Kakinada Town- Bhavnagar Terminus Express/17204 (via Vijayawada,Secundrabad,Sedam,Pune,Khandala,Mumbai,Vadodra,Surat,Ahmedabad)
- Shirdi Express Kakinada Town-Sainagar Shirdi Express/17206 (via Vijayawada,Secundrabad,bider,jalna city,Aurangabad,Manmad,Sainagar)
- Circar Express Kakinada port-Chennai/17644 (via Bhimavaram Town, Vijayawada,Ongole,Nellore,Gudur Junction)
- Seshadri Express Kakinada Town- Banglore city/17210 (via Vijayawada,Renigunta,Tirupati,Katapady,chittoor,Jolarpettai, Bangalore City Junction)
- Kakinada – Kollam Special/07211 (regular yearly spl via Vijayawada,Tirupati,Ernakulam )
- Many special express trains running all through the year to Hyderabad, Mumbai, Ernakulam, and Machilipatnam
- All express trains stop at Samalkot jn(slo)
Passenger trains from kakinada
- Kakinada-Tirupati Passenger/57458
- Kakinada Port Vijayawada fast Passenger/57232
- Kakinada Port-Visakhapatnam Passenger/57255
- Kakinada Town- Kotipalli Rail Car/77271 DEMU
Good roads connect Kakinada with all the places within the state and rest of the country. NH-214 from Kathipudi to Ongole (both on NH-5) passes through Kakinada. A couple of state highways connect Kakinada to Rajahmundry and other places within the district. There is a proposal to develop the road between Kakinada and Suryapet via Rajahmundry into a National Highway which will reduce the distance between Kakinada and Hyderabad.The city roads were also so sapcious for the free flow of traffic.few roads are under widening process like main road temple street etc.the trafiic police dept and the city development authority has planned to arrange traffic signals in masjid centre,balaji cheruvu,atchampeta,ysr centre,jagannadhapuram,sp office,town hall. There was also aproposal to make NH-214 into 4 way road.
In the late 1940s (around the time of Indian independence) there was little industry in or around Kakinada, and the local economy consisted mainly of agriculture and fishing. Until the early 1980s (before the fertiliser companies started their operation here), the local economy was mainly based on the textile industry, auto parts, steel industry related ancillary units, agriculture and fishery industries. Today, Kakinada's economy has a diverse industrial base thanks to an established sea port and port based industries.
The presence of a small island called Hope Island about 5 km from Kakinada coast makes Kakinada Port a natural harbour. It is home to two ports, an anchorage port and a deep water port. Kakinada's deep-water port is the second largest in the state after Visakhapatnam port and is the first port in the country to be built on a Public-private partnership basis (in 1996). It is operated by Kakinada Seaports Limited. Before the deep water port was built, the anchorage port was the largest of the forty minor ports operating in India. Currently both deep water port and older anchorage port co-exist. A shipyard is under construction, as a joint venture of Singapore-based Sembawang Shipyard Pvt. Ltd and Kakinada Seaports Ltd to provide vessel support services to ships plying around Kakinada port and on the East coast of India.
Kakinada's principal exports now include seafood (prawns, shrimp, fish) and related products, agricultural products like rice, corn, oilmeals, processed food products, chemicals, iron ore, bauxite powder, and biofuel.
Imports include chemicals, edible oils, and agricultural products (e.g. wheat and sugar). The deep water port handled a cargo of 13MT during 2009–10.LARSEN&TUBRO,has chosen kakinada to build a ship yard with a worth of rupees 10 billion.
There are several coconut exporters in and around Kakinada to other countries
The Murugappa Group-owned EID Parry (India) Ltd and Cargill International SA joint venture, Silk Road Sugars Pvt Ltd, has a port-based stand-alone sugar refinery in Kakinada with a refining capacity of 600,000 tonnes. Reliance is also planning to set up a sugar mill.
But due to scarcity of Gas, Silk road sugars pvt ltd is closed temporarily
Natural gas and petroleum
Kakinada is the base for Oil and Natural Gas Corporation's Eastern Offshore Asset. Several oil companies have Kakinada as a transit point for oil and gasoline shipments. Baker Hughes and Schlumberger are examples of the field development companies working on natural gas fields offshore the city. The Krishna Godavari Basin is considered to be the largest natural gas basin in India and significant discoveries of oil and natural gas were made by Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation and Reliance, which has been producing around 60 mmscd of gas for the past two years from its prolific KG D6 block off the Kakinada coast. Reliance has an onshore terminal at Gadimoga village about 25 km from Kakinada to process and distribute gas to other parts of the country. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation is also working on setting up a similar facility near Mallavaram village south of Kakinada.
Reliance Gas Transportation Infrastructure Ltd (RGTIL) has built a 1,440 km pipeline from Kakinada to Bharuch (Gujarat) to transport 120 million cubic meters per day (mcmd) of natural gas from Krishna-Godavari fields owned by Reliance Industries across India to the west coast.
In 2010, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board awarded the City Gas Distribution project for Kakinada city to Bhagyanagar Gas Limited, a consortium of GAIL and Hindustan Petroleum. The construction work is underway to supply gas to Kakinada city and the surrounding towns of Samalkot, Peddapuram and Pithapuram, thus making Kakinada the first city in Andhra Pradesh to get piped gas supply for domestic, commercial and industrial purposes along with Hyderabad and Vijayawada.
Edible oil refineries and biofuel plants
In 2002 several edible oil refineries established themselves in Kakinada and the refining capacity has touched 3000 tons per day. Kakinada port is facilitating the imports of crude palm oil, crude soyabean oil. Kakinada has an edible oil refining capacity of more than 3000 MTS per day. Major refineries are Acalmar Oils & Fats Limited (now, taken over by Adani Wilmar Ltd.), Ruchi Infrastructure, Nikhil Refineries Ltd, etc.
The Vakalapudi Industrial park in Kakinada has attracted investments worth over US$10 million from bio-diesel companies such as Reliance Industries, Naturol Bioenergy and Universal Bio Fuel. Andhra Pradesh has entered into a formal agreement with Reliance Industries for Jatropha planting. The company has selected 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land at Kakinada to grow jatropha for high quality bio-diesel fuel.
There are several small and large power plants in and around Kakinada. Spectrum Power Generation Ltd. has a 208MW power plant at Kakinada. In fact, it was one of the first Independent Power Producer in the country. The company is planning to expand the capacity to 1350 MW in phases. Tenders for the first phase of expansion to the tune of 350 MW have been called for recently. A 220 MW Power Station (currently being scaled upwards to 2400 MW at a cost of Rs 100 billion) owned by Reliance Energy Limited, and a 464 MW Combined Cycle Power Plant by GVK group are under operation at Samalkota (Kakinada Rural). All these private power plants supply electricity to the state's transmission utility, AP TRANSCO, under a Power Purchase Agreement.GMR GROUP owns 220 MW Gas based barge mounted power plant in kakinada.
Since the inception of the facility, several companies have started operations in this city and list is growing due to availability of highly educated workforce in the district.
About 36 companies are currently operating in Kakinada. Tech Mahindra will start their operations by 2013 Total turnover of IT/ITES from Kakinada is around Rs 150 million during the last fiscal year. Godavari IT Association of East and West Godavari districts (GITA) is an association of IT companies in the twin Godavari districts which is based out of the city. Some of the prominent IT companies that have set shop here are: Infotech Enterprises, a Hyderabad based multinational software company, Avineon Inc, an US based technology company that provides geospatial and engineering services,  Firstobject Technologies, a prominent BPO firm, Krify, UK as well as India based Mobile Apps development company. There are also several small to mid-size software companies that operate in Kakinada which include, I pro tech.,Prominere Software Solutions Pvt Ltd, Myfam Technologies,3One Technologies, TrewPort Technologies, Aaspire Technologies, Traceout Technologies, ForeTell Technologies Private Limited, Mythrii Solutions,  Nyros Technologies,  Meconzee InfoTech and Software Services, Easty Solutions, etc.
Kakinada is home to Andhra Electronics Ltd., an electronic components manufacturing company, which started operations in 1977.
Auto and iron/steel
There are several auto and iron/steel ancillary industries in Kakinada, such as Sri Ramadas Motor Transport Limited and Sri Bhavani Castings Ltd.
Several rice mills exist in and around Kakinada and some of the rice is exported to other countries.
Fabrication and Machine Shops
Kakinada is home to Decon Engineers, an fabrication cum machine shop, which started its operations in 1984. The company has developed since inception and today, they are "The Experts in Professional Engineering". They have emerged as the goto place for any and all professional engineering services.
The headquarters of East Godavari district. The city also has a deep-water port which is expanding rapidly and is the second largest in the state after Visakhapatnam port.
Kakinada city is a software hub because it is one of the largest tier-4 cities of India where software technology parks of India have started their operations in 2007
Kakinada is also the hub of the world’s largest discovery of natural gas in the Krishna Godavari basin, which is being extracted by Reliance Industries. This has resulted in significant industrial activity with various refineries and energy industries coming up. With the recent growth in the industrial and commercial sectors, major hotels, multiplex theatres and shopping malls are just beginning to show up in the city...
- Devi Multiplex (3 screen Multiplex)
*Screen-1 *Screen-2 *Screen-3
- Anu Sree Cinema's C & C Multiplex (2 screen multiplex )
*Chanukya c1 *Chandraguptha c2
- Anand complex
*anand *anjani *geet *sangeet
- Padma priya complex
*padma priya *sripriya
- lakshmi talkies
- satyagowri DTS 20,000 watts PMPO
- raj timmapuram
MAJOR SHOPPING MALLS/SUPER MARKETS
- Reliance mall (reliance fresh,reliance digital,reliance trendz ,reliance delight , food courts& backers n many more )
- sreeniketan shopping mall
- More Supermarket (several branches in the city)
- Kalanikeethan shopping mall
- Vibhav shopping mall
- Sona shopping mall
- kandukuri family shopping mall
- Raju Bhavan Emporium N Many More
- Kalamandir shopping Mall
MAJOR JEWELRY SHOWROOMS
- Kalyan Jewelers
- Malbar Gold and Diamonds
- Khazana jewelers
- Chandana bro's
- Raj Jewellery Mall
- Khazana Jewellers
- TATA goldplus
MAJOR multi cuisine restaurants
- Pizza corner
- Yati foods
- Yummy Fried Chicken (YFC)
- Backers in
- haveli dakshin
- Many multi cuisine restaurants and 3star/4star hotels you can find in this city
- 90.8 FM -Radio Aala .. Mana Ooru Mana Radio
- 100.1 FM -Rainbow FM(HYD AIR Relay Station)
Kakinada has many health care facilities supported by both the government and private institutions. The major ones include the Government General Hospital (GGH), Apollo Hospitals, Christian Cancer Center, Care Hospital, Sai Sudha Hospital, Sravani ENT Care, Trust Hospital, Star hospital, Safe Emergency Hospital, Sri Satya Sai Multispeciality Hospital and New Life Hospital. Kakinada also has famous eye hospitals like the 50-year old State of the art D. V. Raju Eye Hospital which has been serving the city and the district of East Godavari through 3 generations. Nayana Eye Care, established in 1997 by Dr. Sriram Ravula, set a new trend by offering world-class eye care services in Kakinada and paved a path for many Eye hospitals around the state set up much later. Today, it is a leading Eye Hospital in the Northern Coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh and is a well equipped and highly acclaimed eye hospital in the state of Andhra Pradesh, providing comprehensive speciality services in Ophthalmology.
Major Hospital's ref http://www.inkakinada.com/search?radio_top=BUS&search_q=hospitals
- Government General Hospital (GGH) (Biggest and main Government hospital for both Godavari districts)
- Apollo Hospitals on the main road
- Christian Cancer Center & multi-speciality hospital on the Pithapuram road
- Global super speciality hospitals & heart center on the Madahavapatnam road
- Trust super speciality hospital, near Sarpavaram Junction.
- 7-Star Multi speciality hospital on the Manin Road
- Care Hospital on the main road
- Sai Sudha Hospital on the Salipeta, Jawahar road
- Safe Emergency Hospital at Bhanuguid Junction.
- Sri Satya Sai Multispeciality Hospital
- New Life Hospital-NFCL Road
- Sravani ENT Care
- laxmi hospital
- Sree Bala ENT Care Center, Dantuvari street, Ph- 0884 2385499
- Many more hospitals and blood banks can be found in this city
Eye care hospitals 
- Nayana Eye Care, West of Janmabhoomi Park at Bhanugudi Junction. ref http://www.nayanaeyecare.com
- Vasan Eye Care at Nookalamma Temple Junction.
- Sri Kiran Eye Hospital
- Alberta Retina Clinic
- Nethralaya Eye Care
- Anju Eye Care at Bhanugudi Junction.
Kakinada is a major educational hub fulfilling the growing educational demands of people in the state. The past decade has witnessed exponential growth and many residential colleges have been established to offer quality secondary education. There are also several professional colleges in and around the city offering courses in Engineering, Medicine, Information Technology and Management at the graduate and postgraduate level. IIIT is constructing near thondangi, Kakinada . it will became special asset to Kakinada .
The Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada offers engineering courses and has a school of business, while Rangaraya Medical College is one of the best medical colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Andhra University Post Graduate Centre (called A.U.M.S.N. PG Centre), established in November 1977, is another important college for higher learning in Kakinada. This University center is located between Kakinada Port – Samalkot ADB Road on a 50.93-acre (206,100 m2) campus in Thimmapuram. The campus is six kilometres from Kakinada Town Railway Station.
There are many Schools with different boards like State, CBSE, ICSE. ICSE school St. Joseph's Convent and CBSE schools like Akshara, Ashram, Hamsavahini Vidyalaya, Subhaniketan, Nalanda, Kakinada Public School (KPS) etc. are prominent. Several state board private schools like Pragati Little public school, Aditya Public school, Pithapuram Rajas Govt Degree College) (A), Ideal college of Arts and Sciences, M S N Degree College are also popular.
Though Kakinada is some what known for tourism, it has some very good places in and around to visit, like ancient temples, some beaches, mangrove forests and Godavari delta. The Union Territory of Yanam on the banks of River Godavari,25 km south of Kakinada, is making rapid strides in Tourism. A replica of the world famous Eiffel Tower, 100m in height, is being built there. AP Tourism is trying to promote the Konaseema region (30 km from Kakinada), into a tourism hub. Below is a list of places in and around Kakinada that may be of some interest to visitors.
- Tholi Thirupathi Sri Srungara vallaba Swamy Temple,Near Divili Village,Peddapuram Mandal Andhrapradesh 1st Thirupathi(40 km)
- Annavaram Satyanarayana Swamy Temple, Andhra Pradesh's second richest temple, (40 km)
- Draksharama Shiva Temple (One of the five Pancharama Kshetras and aNational Heritage site), (25 km)
- Samalkot Shiva Temple (another one of the five Pancharama Kshetras and aNational Heritage site), (12 km)
- Sri Bhimeswaraswamy Vari Temple (Sri Chalukya Kumararama Temple, one of the five Pancharama Kshetras and a National Heritage site) (10 km) Samalkota
- Kukkuteshwara Swamy Temple at Pithapuram,(12 km)
- Kotipalli Kotilingeswara Temple, on the banks of the river Godavari, (30 km)
- Shri Bhavanarayana Swamy Temple (Sun God), Sarpavaram, Kakinada,(5 km)
- Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of River Godavari's estuary, (5 km)
- Hope Island, India, a sand spit formed in sea by River Godavari.(5 km offshore, from Vakalapudi beach)
- Konaseema, scenic locations of Godavari delta islands, (30 km)
- Kakinada-Uppada Beach (Vakalpudi Beach), (5 km) and Rajiv Gandhi Beach on the banks of the Godavari, Yanam, (25 km)KAKINADA BECH ROAD NEMAM VILLAGE
- Sree Veerabrahmendra swamy temple
- Jain Temple, located in Main road.
As of 2011[update] census, Kakinada municipality had a population of 312,255 and the urban agglomeration had a population of 442,936. The sex ratio was 1046 females per 1000 males and 8.7% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 81.23%; male literacy was 84.88% and female literacy was 77.76%.
People from Kakinada can easily be identified by their characteristic Godavari Telugu accent. They have gained a reputation for being hospitable, polite and cultured. People from Kakinada frequently uses a common suffix word "andi" just like a word "ji" in Hindi, which offers respect to the person corresponding to.
The Godavari Telugu accent places emphasis on respecting elders and strangers. To achieve this, people of this region normally use the grammatical forms of Telugu that convey respect which is not found in Telugu usage in other parts of the Andhra Pradesh. The educated and the young understand English and use it as a mode of communication with people outside the state.
Kakinada is a major educational center with several schools, colleges and universities. Many among the younger generation are migrating to the cities like Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and out of the country in search of opportunities that meet their scale of ambition. However, there are significant parts of the society that have ridden the boom by expanding their businesses and investments. The local population is supplemented by immigrants who have left their villages to seek work and opportunity in this bustling city.
People of Kakinada enjoy spending the hot summers in the shallow waters of Bay of Bengal. As tides are not intense and as the water is shallow people enjoy playing in the waters of Bay of Bengal. Devi Multiplex, Janmabhoomi Park, Gandhinagar park and Vivekananda Park are other places people here love to hang out. Most of the people living in kakinada are belonging to middle class who enjoys by going to movies, parks, small hotels, roadside foods. Generally the people in this town are calm and decent. The temples are very pleasant, turning the people devotional. A varied number of cultures are followed here.
Few among famous personalities from Kakinada:
- S.V.Ranga Rao– Actor
♦ Kallam Siva Sankar Reddy Research Scientist TCGLS pune
- Chittajallu Srinivasa Rao (C. S. Rao) – Actor, Writer and Director.
- C. Pullaiah – Telugu film Director.
- Suryakantham (actress)
- Rao Gopal Rao (Actor)
- Brahma Sri Chaganti Koteswara Rao (Upanyasin)
- Dr. Sriram Ravula (Renowned Ophthalmologist, Founder and Director of Nayana Eye Care)
- Kalpana Rai (Actress)
- Paripoornananda Saraswati (Sreepeetham Ashram Founder and Well Profound Spiritual Speaker)
- Sri Sri Sri Tridandi Ranga Ramanuja Jeeyar Swami (Spiritual Guru and Founder of Saranya Educational Institution)
- Dr. Babji Marla, native of Kakinada and NRI Doctor from Germany, has taken a lot of interest in improving facilities in the Kakinada General Hospital and is instrumental in providing facilities like baby warmers, MRI machine etc. A ward in the hospital is named after him.
- Chollangi. Venu Gopal (Social Activist)
East Godavari is famous for traditional Andhra cuisine and Kakinada is no different: pickles (aavakaaya) made from mangoes, vegetables (e.g. cauliflower aavakaaya), chicken, shrimp, mutton or even fish. Some people here swear by the pungent aroma and the lingering taste of dried fish (Endu Chepa) and shrimp (Endu Royya).
This city is also famous for its unique Kakinada Kaaja, a sweet made from maida and dipped in sugar syrup. This sweet was very popular not only in Andhra but also in far away places like Bihar and U. P. Kotiah Sweets (founded in 1900) is locally the most famous and possibly the earliest known maker of Kakinada Kaaja.
Locals frequent the innumerable carts strategically located on populous street corners to purchase bhajis and a delicious mixture of onions, toasted rice, and sev (Pidatha Kindha Pappu).
Kakinada is also one of the few regions in the entire Andhra Pradesh where Chekkarakeli aratipandu (banana) and Kothapalli kobbari maamidipandu (mango) are available. Kakinada is also famous for its delicious pesarattu, a breakfast or brunch item formed into crêpes from moong daal (pesara pappu), green chillies, ginger and cumin. These are sold in restaurants as well as street stalls. Pootarekulu is a sweet in coastal Andhra, made of thin sugar wafers.
Kakinada is also famous for Udupi Vegetarian hotels. There are nearly half a dozen of the Udupi restaurant in the city, some of them provide even boarding & lodging.
More recent food attractions include Yati foods and its restaurants at several locations in Kakinada. The Hyderabadi Dum Biryani recipe made at the Bhanugudi location is said to rival the famous Bawarchi biryani of Hyderabad, Other famous restaurants include Dakshin,Arali,E2,bhemas,seasons,unnat,aryan,spice,Haveli,surya residency and Varmas.
Cricket is the most popular game followed by badminton and athletics. The city is home to a number of local cricket teams participating in various district and zonal events. Kakinada has a cricket stadium used for Ranji Trophy matches. The East Godavari District Sports Authority has a vast sports campus in the city with many sporting facilities. An indoor stadium and a swimming pool are also located in this campus. Tennis is being taught to school and college students by KTA(Kakinada Tennis Academy) at the tennis courts of Rangaraya Medical College A roller skating rink is present at Vivekananda Park for skating enthusiasts.
Kakinada9.com www.inkakinada.com; www.kakinadalo.com
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