Pithapuram

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For the playback singer, see Pithapuram Nageswara Rao.
Pithapuram
పిఠాపురం
Town
Clockwise from Top Left: Kukkuteswara and Padagaya Temple Complex, Pithapuram Railway Station, Ratnachal Express Speeding through Pithapuram Railway Station, Fields near Pithapuram, Landscape View at Pithapuram, Kunti Madhavaswamy Temple
Clockwise from Top Left: Kukkuteswara and Padagaya Temple Complex, Pithapuram Railway Station, Ratnachal Express Speeding through Pithapuram Railway Station, Fields near Pithapuram, Landscape View at Pithapuram, Kunti Madhavaswamy Temple
Pithapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Pithapuram
Pithapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667Coordinates: 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District East Godavari
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 55,340
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Pithapuram or Peetha Puram is a town and a municipality in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Pithapuram railway station is on the ChennaiHowrah Railway line. Pithapuram is famous for its Ancient Hindu temples. Pithapuram was previously known as Puruhoothika puram and later known as Pithikapuram. Pithapuram is also known as Dakshina Kasi (or the Kasi of the south).

Geography[edit]

Pithapuram is located at 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667.[1] It has an average elevataion of 10 meters (33 feet). It is located near several beaches though not one in particular. It is in between 2 major cities; Kakinada and Rajahmundry. Pitapuram though is landlocked town and most of the economic activity takes place in Kakinada.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[2] Pitapuram had a population of 50,103 Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Pitapuram has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 57%. In Pitapuram, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Background[edit]

P. Timmapuram near Pithapuram is on the map of Buddhist holy relic sites of Andhra Pradesh

The Pithapuram Zamindar Sri Rao Bahadur Venkata Mahipati Surya rao the king of Pithapuram kingdom from Velama community South, Pithapuram established the Pithapura Raja (P R ) Government Degree College in Kakinada. this is the oldest college in andhra pradesh. He is remembered here because of his charity. These Kings also gave lands to the missionaries for the establishment of the century-old humanitarian hospital Christian Medical Centre. Missionaries of the Canadian Baptist Mission established their medical enterprise here in the form of the famed hospital Christian Medical Centre. CMC, Pithapuram was known for its quick and healing touch since the eighteenth century.

Pithapuram is also famous in Andhra Pradesh for the Sri Surya Ayurvedic Nilayam. Manufacturing authentic Sastric and proprietary ayurvedic medicines since 1926, SAN has branches throughout Andhra Pradesh and agencies in Karnataka, Kerala, Gujarat and Rajasthan. This is the second company to get a GMP license in Andhra Pradesh. The Palanki Family owns the Sri Surya Ayurvedic Nilayam. The headquarters of the company is in Pitapuram.

Temples[edit]

  • Kukkuteshwara Swamy temple – The most famous temple at Pithapuram is that of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is known as Kukkuteshwara Swamy here. The consort of Kukkuteshwara Swamy is known as Raja Rajeswari. There is the temple of Puruhutika Devi inside the campus of this temple. It is one of the Asta Dasa Shakti Pithas. Maha Shivaratri, Sarannavarathri and Kaartika Masam are the main festivals celebrated at this temple.

This complex has a Sarovar after taking bath people offer prayers to their ancestors, as this temple complex is called Pada Gaya. It has Gayasura's Padas (Feet) and Vishnu Padas (Feet).

Gayasura's body was cut in three portions and out of that Head has fallen at Siro Gaya (Called Gaya in Bihar) Below chest (Nabhi) portion has fallen in Nabhi Gaya, Biraja Temple Jajpur in Orissa and the Legs (Padas) have fallen here hence called Pada Gaya.

  • Kunthi Madhava Swami Temple – It is one of the pancha madava skathra (others being one at Prayaga (U.P), Sundara Padmanabha in Kerala, Sethu Madhava at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.) This temple was established by Lord Indra and was worshipped by Sri Rama in Treta Yuga and Kunthi and Pandavas in Dwapara Yuga From then on this Madhava Kshetra is known as Kunthi Madhava Kshetra. Maharshi Vedavyasa visited this temple.
  • Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham, Near Old Bus Stand – Established in 1472 AD in India,working for National Integration and Communal Harmony.

Shakti Peeth[edit]

Shiva carrying the corpse of Sati Devi

The Puruhutika devi Temple (Puruhutika Peetham) inside the Kukkudeshwara Temple is a Shakti Peetha where Sati (goddess)'s Left hand fell. The etymology of the location (Peetha Puram or Pithapuram) comes associated with the presence of this Shakti Peetha in the area.[3] Daksha Yaga the mythology depicted in puranas is considered as the main theme in the origin of the idea of Shakti Peethas.[4][5][6]

Shakti Peethas divine shrines of Devi. These are shrines that are highly revered by Shaktas(Shaktism). The mythology says about the falling of parts of the corpse of Sati Devi, when Lord Shiva took it and wandered. There are 51 Shakti Peeth linking to the 51 alphabets in Sanskrit. It is believed the Sati's Left hand has fallen here. Puruhutika devi temple is considered as one of the 18 Maha Shakti Peethas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics.Pithapuram
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ Pithapuram Puruhutika, Rajahmundry tour : 18 Shakti peeth
  4. ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (June 1, 2004). The Upanishads, Vol I. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1419186418. 
  5. ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (July 26, 2004). The Upanishads Part II: The Sacred Books of the East Part Fifteen. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1417930160. 
  6. ^ "Kottiyoor Devaswam Temple Administration Portal". http://kottiyoordevaswom.com/. Kottiyoor Devaswam. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

External links[edit]