The logo of the Twisted Metal series
989 Studios (1998-2000)
Incognito Entertainment (2001-2007)
Eat Sleep Play (2008-present)
|Publishers||Sony Computer Entertainment|
|Creators||David Jaffe, Scott Campbell|
|Platforms||PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, PC|
|First release||Twisted Metal
November 5, 1995
|Latest release||Twisted Metal
February 14, 2012
Twisted Metal is a series of vehicular combat video games published by Sony Computer Entertainment, and developed by various companies during its tenure. The series began on the PlayStation in 1995 and currently features eight games. It is the 162nd best-selling video game franchise, selling over 7 million copies of Twisted Metal: Black in North America alone, and at least 15 million copies total.
It is the longest-running PlayStation-exclusive franchise with a total of seventeen years running from 1995 to present; the second-longest being the Gran Turismo series, which has spanned fourteen years. Seven games of the series (including Twisted Metal: Black Online) were re-released as part of the Sony Greatest Hits program.
In concept, Twisted Metal is a demolition derby that permits the usage of ballistic projectiles, machine guns, mines, and other types of weapons (up to and including satellite-based weapons and nuclear weapons). Players choose a vehicle, and an arena—or a series of arenas in the story mode—to engage in battle with opposing drivers. A variety of weapons and upgrades are obtainable by pick-ups scattered throughout the stage. The last driver alive is the winner.
Although each individual game features its own storyline, they all revolve around the eponymous "Twisted Metal": a vehicular combat tournament hosted once a year. In almost all of the games, the host is a man called "Calypso"; however, in the series' fourth installment, perennial contestant Sweet Tooth briefly takes over. The general goal is to destroy all opponents; apart from the other contestants, unique vehicles seemingly designed by the host themselves may stand in the competitors' path. The winner is brought before the tournament host, who will grant the contestant a single wish.
The hosts of these games are the persons who are, through arcane means, capable of warping reality itself to grant the wish of the contest winner; however, there is a general "be careful what you wish for" theme in the game series, as nearly all of the winning contestants end up with "not-so-happy" endings, due to the skill and proclivity of the hosts for twisting the words of their wish around—often to deadly effect. The games in the series usually contain a healthy dose of black humor.
By winning the game, players are treated to an ending pertaining to whichever character they chose to play as throughout the main game. Each ending shows the character wishing for "their heart's desire" and getting what they wished for (though Calypso will often change the wish due to taking a more literal tone or for deriving amusement by jumbling the winner's words.)
Main Games 
Twisted Metal (1995) and Twisted Metal 2 (1996) 
The first two Twisted Metal games were developed by SingleTrac.
An IBM PC version of Twisted Metal 2 exists. It features slightly cut-down graphics compared to the PlayStation version (minor details of some levels disappeared) but it doesn't require a 3D accelerator video card and played well on computers with lower processing capabilities. It also features multiplayer over a modem line or Internet.
Twisted Metal III (1998) and Twisted Metal 4 (1999) 
After a contractual dispute with SingleTrac, Twisted Metal development duties were handed over to Sony's in-house development team, 989 Studios. The Twisted Metal titles developed by 989 Studios were fundamentally different, due in no small part to the fact that SingleTrac owned the engine used in the first two titles and so an entirely new engine had to be built from scratch for the non-SingleTrac-developed entries. One of the major changes that resulted were the introduction of advanced physics simulation and AI techniques to the series.
David Jaffe, in speaking about these two entries in the series, was reported to have said, "....[in and of themselves] they're good games, they're just not good Twisted Metal games."
Twisted Metal: Black (2001) 
Format: PlayStation 2
After developing several non-Twisted Metal vehicular combat games for GT Interactive, a large number of SingleTrac employees left the company to form the gaming studio Incognito Entertainment, and signed with Sony. With much of Twisted Metal's original creative team back with the company who owns the franchise, this reunion led to the creation of the series' first installment on the PlayStation 2, Twisted Metal: Black.
While the game retains the basic premise of the series and features a number of returning characters, it was also a major departure from the previous games due to its more serious tone, darker atmosphere, and more cinematic style, which was slightly more grounded in reality than the over-the-top, comic book look and feel of the previous games. It is the first entry in the series to receive an M rating. In fact, the game's storyline cutscenes (including starting and ending movies) were removed from the European version entirely due to their graphic nature.
Twisted Metal: Head-On (2005) 
Format: PlayStation Portable
Despite what was essentially a complete relaunch and rebranding of the franchise with Twisted Metal: Black, Incognito decided to return to the series' roots and create a game that felt more like a true follow-up to the original Twisted Metal series, bringing back the bright colors and cartoony characters of Twisted Metal 1 and 2. Available on the PSP in time for its North American launch, Twisted Metal: Head-On is considered by many fans - especially those disappointed by the non-Singletrac-developed titles - to be the true sequel to Twisted Metal 2. Utilizing the PSP's built-in online capabilities, it also marked the first time a Twisted Metal game had full online play available from the start.
Twisted Metal: Head-On: Extra Twisted Edition (2008) 
Format: PlayStation 2
In February 2008, Eat Sleep Play, a new development studio formed by David Jaffe and Scott Campbell, released Twisted Metal: Head-On for the PlayStation 2. While primarily a direct port of the PSP game "Twisted Metal: Head-On", it does feature a number of extra features, most notably four complete and playable levels from the unreleased/incomplete Twisted Metal: Black sequel, called Twisted Metal: Harbor City. Other bonus content includes: a code to download the soundtrack (a timed offer which has since expired); a half hour documentary on the series with some of the original developers called "Dark Past"; a rough playable portion of an unfinished and unreleased third person action game starring Sweet Tooth (controllable for the first time ever on-foot and outside of a vehicle); and the never before seen original live-action ending videos of all the characters from the first Twisted Metal, directed by Jaffe.
Twisted Metal (2012) 
Format: PlayStation 3
Twisted Metal (2012) is the most current game in the Twisted Metal series. It features multiple drivers and tracks. It also features multiplayer gameplay and other game modes. The game's main focus is on Sweet Tooth's and other driver's past and want to use their wish to fix it.
Spin-off Games 
Twisted Metal: Small Brawl (2001) 
Instead of delivering a PS2 follow-up to Twisted Metal: Black, Incognito took an unexpected turn and developed Twisted Metal: Small Brawl for the original PlayStation, a Twisted Metal aimed at a younger audience that featured radio-controlled toy cars instead of full-size vehicles.
Twisted Metal: Black Online (2002) 
Format: PlayStation 2
A game featuring only the multiplayer portion of Twisted Metal: Black, but playable online. A free copy could originally be obtained by mailing in a card that came packaged with the PlayStation 2 online network adapter. After Sony stopped offering the disc, it was later included as a bonus disc in subsequent reissues of the Greatest Hits version of Twisted Metal: Black. The servers to the game have since been shut down.
Cancelled Games 
Twisted Metal: Harbor City 
Format: PlayStation 2
A sequel to the PlayStation 2 game Twisted Metal: Black, titled Twisted Metal: Harbor City, was in development but was cancelled before it was announced when the series co-creators left the development team. At time of cancellation four levels had been completed; these levels were included and playable in Twisted Metal Head-On: Extra Twisted Edition as a special mode.
Twisted Metal: Apocalypse 
Format: PlayStation 3
A Twisted Metal game set in a post-apocalyptic environment, which was originally in development in 2008 but was scrapped. Artwork of the cancelled game was released by David Jaffe at the San Diego Comic-Con International; it showcased concept arts of locations such as a destroyed Mount Rushmore as well as a giant crater. It was also revealed that the Eat Sleep Play team was originally rather keen on the idea, though it was hinted by Jaffe that the idea was rejected by Sony Computer Entertainment, speculated to be because of the release of MotorStorm: Apocalypse, a racing game which also featured a post-apocalyptic environment.
Twisted Metal: Revolution 
Format: PlayStation 3
Apart from Twisted Metal: Apocalypse, another Twisted Metal game was in development for the PlayStation 3 which utilized street culture and hip-hop influence. The game Twisted Metal: Revolution until it was cancelled; it would have featured characters with a more realistic look such as a Sweet Tooth that looked more of a smooth criminal rather than a psychopathic clown. Other characters included yakuza, FBI agents and street gang members. David Jaffe compared the game to Rockstar's Midnight Club series when describing the look and feel of the game. In addition, Jaffe said that it was extremely difficult to portray the environments that they had created in their concept art within the game as it resulted in an extremely bland environment.
Recurring characters 
Twisted Metal features 50 different cars (although some different combinations of car and driver) in its eight incarnations (Twisted Metal, 2, III, 4, Black, Small Brawl, Head-On, and TMPS3.) Many characters appear in more than one game of the series, although the same vehicles are not always driven by the same people.
Calypso, playing the leading role in the storyline of the series, is a playable character in Twisted Metal 4, while in other games, he appears only in the opening and ending cutscenes.
Before creating the Twisted Metal contest, Calypso was just a regular man. He was a family man with a daughter and a wife, and he also had a different name. He led a normal life like any other citizen, until one night he was involved in a freak accident which resulted in him crashing his car directly into a brick wall. This car crash left him in devastation, killing his wife (revealed to be Pam Sparks) and daughter (later revealed to be Krista Sparks, the driver of the car Grasshopper; extrapolating from this, his original last name might be Sparks) as well as burning and disfiguring his own face. During this time it has been hinted at that Calypso did a few things: first, made a deal with Mr. Ash (driver of Darkside) to come back to life in exchange for souls. Secondly, obtained by trickery or from the deal itself the use of powers (be it through a demon or not) to offer a wish in exchange for killing and winning his contest. Two years after his disappearance while he was assumed to be dead, he re-emerged, his name changed to Calypso, and possessing a power that allows him to grant wishes. The power is said to be stolen from a demon, most likely the driver Minion, who later competes in the contest in order to regain it. Calypso then established Twisted Metal and, for ten years, has continued to run the competition. This is where the first Twisted Metal game comes in.
When someone wins his contest, the winner gets to have one wish granted. These comprise the game's ending sequences. It should be noted that while Calypso seems to stick to the phrasing of a wish, he will gladly violate its spirit, which usually causes the wisher harm in the end (such as wishing for the ability to fly has him get the wisher's plane tickets, only telling them after they jumped off a building,) though in the original game, Black, and Head-On he generally granted the character's wish without pulling any harmful tricks on them so long as the wisher's intents were malevolent, while the more noble wishes got turned around. The scope of his powers seem to have extraordinary bounds. Even with this though, there are limits as to just what he can grant.
Similarly, the meaning of the ending for Roadkill in Twisted Metal 2 is ambiguous - Marcus Kane's (the driver) wish is to wake up from the nightmare he is trapped in. After winning the contest, Kane awakes up in a hospital bed, surrounded by his family, relatively unscathed. They are surrounded by some of the other contestants, all of whom are severely injured. It is unclear if the contest was a hallucination in Kane’s mind, or if Calypso truly granted his wish.
Calypso is, to some extent, seemingly a prisoner of the Twisted Metal contest himself: he can't, for example, restore his daughter to 'life' unless she wishes for it. Additionally, endings in Twisted Metal, Twisted Metal 2, and Head-On show that his power seems to extend only to granting wishes; he can't, for example, stop Agent Shepard from arresting him via his powers, as Shepard refused to accept a wish. Similarly, in Twisted Metal 2, he could not prevent Shadow from taking his soul as revenge for all the people who died due to the Twisted Metal competition. Also, in Twisted Metal: Head-On, Sweet Tooth wishes to change places with Calypso and, despite Calypso's final judgment not to, it was granted.
Calypso's character design is inconsistent. It is different in many Twisted Metal games throughout the series. In terms of appearance, the most notable change is his hair which varies from thick and long to completely bald, or long hair on the sides.
- In the first Twisted Metal, he is portrayed by an uncredited actor (Charles Lance) in live-action cutscenes. Here he is depicted as a man with a totally burnt face and a great mass of hair. His voice was distorted and less human than in Twisted Metal 2 and Head-On. However, these live-action cutscenes never actually made it into the game, the reason being that they were deemed too sexist and violent at the time. They were leaked onto the Internet years later and officially released as a special feature in Twisted Metal: Head-On: Extra Twisted Edition.
- In Twisted Metal 2: World Tour, he was a smartly dressed man with long flowing hair, heavy facial burn scars, and a greatly exaggerated evil grin. In the game, the opening sequence and the various endings were narrated entirely by him in first person giving the other characters little dialogue of their own. He also had the memorable line "I am Calypso, and I thank you for playing Twisted Metal" which he would ironically say at the end of each character's endings while giving the same trademark grin. In this game, he was voiced by Mel McMurrin.
- In Twisted Metal III, he was voiced by Mel McMurrin once again and greatly resembled his World Tour appearance. He kept his long flowing hair, though his face was no longer burned at all.
- In Twisted Metal 4, Calypso was a playable character since Sweet Tooth had taken over the contest and drove a Soviet-style missile truck armed with a nuclear missile. He looked the same as he did in the third game, though slightly paler.
- In Twisted Metal: Black, his left eye is literally sunken into his head and he is bald. In this game, the narrative is reversed from previous games. In Black's endings, Calypso no longer has any spoken dialogue of his own. The cutscenes are now narrated by the chosen playable character in first person.
- In Twisted Metal: Small Brawl, he is referred to as Billy Calypso and is a bratty kid with spiky hair and braces who bullies the other kids into joining his contest which involves toy RC cars.
- In Twisted Metal: Head-On, he seems to be a melded version of his World Tour and Black appearances incorporating aspects of both designs. In this game, he is only balding on top with long silver hair around the sides, and keeps the sunken eye from Black, in addition to which he wears a long coat. His dialogue, however, is closer to that of World Tour. There is no narrative in Head-On's endings, only dialogue between the different characters (including Calypso himself).
- In "Twisted Metal" on the PlayStation 3, Calypso sort of reverts back to his long-haired look, only he's a bit younger than his other incarnations. In this game, he's the head of a large corporation and he's still the head of the Twisted Metal tournament.
Sweet Tooth 
Sweet Tooth, real name Needles Kane, is designed around the premise of a killer clown that drives an ice cream truck, and his face has been featured on the cover of every Twisted Metal game to date, making him the series mascot. He is the only character, besides Marcus Kane, to drive more than one vehicle in any of the games, being the driver of Head-On's Dark Tooth, Tower Tooth, and as of Twisted Metal Lost, Gold Tooth. He is voiced by J. S. Gilbert in Twisted Metal: Black & Twisted Metal PS3.
The soundtracks for the first two Twisted Metal games were composed and produced by the Pinnacle Group, consisting of Chuck E. Meyers, Tom Hopkins, and Lance Lenhart. Beginning with Twisted Metal III, various music artists and bands have been brought in for each game's soundtrack. One such person was singer Rob Zombie, who contributed songs to both Twisted Metal III and Twisted Metal 4, and is even a playable character in the latter. Music from the game discs can also be played on a CD player or in a computer.
Track listing of Twisted Metal III by use:
- Main Menu Screen: Rob Zombie - "Meet the Creeper"
- Hollywood: Rob Zombie - "Superbeast"
- Washington, D.C.: Pitchshifter - "Microwaved"
- Hangar 18: Pitchshifter - "W.Y.S.I.W.Y.G."
- North Pole: White Zombie - "More Human than Human (Jingle Bells Remix)"
- London: Lance Lenhart - "Song 1"
- Tokyo: Pitchshifter - "Innit"
- Egypt: Lance Lenhart - "Valley Of The Kings"
- Blimp: Rob Zombie - "Meet the Creeper"
Track listing of Twisted Metal 4 by use:
- Introduction Video: One Minute Silence - "South Central"
- Main Menu Screen: One Minute Silence - "A More Violent Approach"
- Construction Site: Rob Zombie - "Dragula (Hot Rod Herman Mix)"
- Neon City: Cirrus - "Time's Running Out"
- Road Rage: Cypress Hill - "Lightning Strikes"
- Sweet Tooth’s Bedroom: Ghoulspoon - "Alien Magnet"
- Amazonia 3000 B.C: Skold - "Chaos"
- The Oil Rig: One Minute Silence - "And Some Ya Lose"
- Minion’s Maze: Rob Zombie - "Superbeast (remix)"
- The Carnival: White Zombie - "Grease Paint and Monkey Brains"
Track listing of Twisted Metal: Black by use:
Track listing of Twisted Metal: Head On by use:
- Big Blue Stadium: Level - "Disaster Proof"
Track listing of Twisted Metal by use:
- Main Menu Screen: Airbourne - "Raise the Flag"
- Main Theme / Credits: Airbourne - "Raise the Flag"
- Nuke Mode: Mikey Russell - "Rampage"
- The Clowns' Introduction: Mikey Russell - "Grand Finale"
- The Dolls' Introduction: Mikey Russell - "Back to Hell"
- The Skulls' Introduction: Level - "Going Down"
- The Preachers' Introduction: Mikey Russell - "It"
- Lead Credits: Mikey Russell - "I Scream"
- End Boss: Mikey Russell - "Destination"
Film adaptation 
According to Deadline Hollywood, Sony Pictures Entertainment is bringing Twisted Metal to the big screen by hiring Crank, Crank: High Voltage, Gamer, and Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance directors Neveldine/Taylor to write and direct the film. As of 2013, the cast Kevin Dillon who role as Calypso and Costas Mandylor as Sweet Tooth or release date is December 20, 2013. Jeremy Bolt and Steven Paul was produce the film based on the video game, or released of TriStar Pictures (31st Anniversary), Columbia Pictures, Crystal Sky Pictures, and Impact Pictures.
See also 
The following titles are also considered to be vehicular combat games in the style of Twisted Metal:
- Vigilante 8 and Vigilante 8: 2nd Offense (Twisted Metal's closest and most successful competitor during the PS1 era)
- Blood Drive
- Rogue Trip and Critical Depth (created by the Twisted Metal team during their dispute with Sony)
- Interstate '76 and Interstate '82
- 187 Ride or Die
- Full Auto
- WWE Crush Hour
- Star Wars: Demolition
- Jak X: Combat Racing
- Calling All Cars!
- Shahed Ahmed (2000-10-31). "TM: Black Date Set". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- monokoma. "Twisted Metal Black 2: Harbor City [PS2 - Cancelled]". Unseen 64. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Jeremy Dunham (July 27, 2007). "Jaffe Leaves Sony to Eat, Sleep, and Play". IGN. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- Jonathan Leack (July 18, 2010). "Twisted Metal Almost Brought the World to Ruin". PlayStation LifeStyle. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Michael McWhertor (July 23, 2010). "See Two Dead Twisted Metal Games With Wildly Different Concepts". Kotaku. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "As you can see from the photograph taken during filing of the Twisted Metal end movies, Sweet Tooth was at the start simply a circus clown. He did not even have his trademarked flaming hair. But by Twisted Metal: Black, the classic look of Sweet Tooth had emerged. From chicken scratch sketches to full blown CG character models, no expense was spared in bringing this mascot character to his current incarnation." Factoid 10 in Sweet Tour, Twisted Metal Head-On: Extra Twisted Edition
- "Two classic characters, one class brawl: Optimus Prime (Transformers: The Game) vs Sweet Tooth (Twisted Metal Series)," GamePro 235 (April 2008): 24.
- "Sony Deal To Write/Direct ‘Twisted Metal’ Movie". Deadline.com. 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2012-02-14.