Tyresö Municipality

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"Tyresö" redirects here. For other uses, see Tyresö (disambiguation).
Tyresö kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Tyresö kommun
Coat of arms
Tyresö Municipality in Stockholm County.png
Country Sweden
County Stockholm County
Seat Bollmora
Area[1]
 • Total 100.53 km2 (38.81 sq mi)
 • Land 69.25 km2 (26.74 sq mi)
 • Water 31.28 km2 (12.08 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 44,281
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Södermanland
Municipal code 0138
Website www.tyreso.se
Density is calculated using land area only.
The Tyresö Centrum enclosed shopping centre in Bollmora

Tyresö Municipality (Tyresö kommun) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden on the coast of the Baltic Sea.

Most of Tyresö Municipality lies within the Stockholm urban area.

History[edit]

The first humans arrived in what today is Tyresö Municipality somewhere around the 30th century BC. It would not be until about the 7th century that permanent settlements would start appearing though. There are some graves and other remnants left from this prehistoric time.

The Tyresö estate has its origins in the 14th century. During the 17th century the estate was at its largest, covering nearly the entire current area of the municipality. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church were built during this century.

Tyresö was an important industrial centre in the Stockholm region between the 16th and 19th centuries, thanks to the watermills that could be built on the streams between the lakes. The waterwheels in the municipal arms represent the three hydropower facilities at Nyfors, Uddby and Follbrinksströmmen. The industries included rolling mills, gristmills, forges, paper mills, sawmills, and a brickworks. None of the watermills are left today. The Uddby mill burned down in 1895, and a hydroelectric power plant was built in its place, which still stands today and is the only such plant in the Stockholm area.

During the early 20th century, the large land area of the Tyresö estate began to be divided into lots, and summer cottages began to be built. Some quite luxurious ones were built in the Brevik area. The rate of construction increased rapidly in the early decades of the century. From the 1950s onwards, the summer cottages began to be converted into around the year dwellings at a rapid pace.

From the 1950s onwards, Bollmora experienced a huge expansion rate, especially after the legislation Lex Bollmora in 1959 which allowed municipal real estate companies to operate in other municipalities than their own. A municipal centre formed in Bollmora, Bollmora Centrum, which was inaugurated in 1965.[3] The Million Programme put its distinctive print on Tyresö as well — especially Bollmora, many of the apartment building areas come from that programme.

During the expansive phase from the 1950s onwards, the population of Tyresö has grown from about 5,000 to just over 44,000 at present.[4]

The Bollmora Centrum was rebuilt in the early 1990s to an enclosed shopping centre, and renamed Tyresö Centrum.[3]

In August 1999 a large wildfire destroyed about 10% of the Tyresta National Park.[5]

Subdivisions[edit]

There are no administrative subdivisions of Tyresö Municipality, but there are some other formal and less formal subdivisions.

Districts[edit]

There are three main districts in Tyresö. This is a kind of everyday reference subdivision to refer to the different main parts of the municipality.

  • Bollmora in the northwest — consisting of apartment buildings of about 2-8 stories high, terraced houses and detached houses and some industrial areas. The municipal centre, Tyresö centre, is located here.
  • Trollbäcken in west — consisting mostly of detached houses.
  • Old Tyresö (Gamla Tyresö) in east and south — in east consisting of detached, semi–detached, and terraced houses, and summer cottages, of which a large part are being converted to year-around living standard. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church from 17th century are located here. In the south there is a large forest, containing about half of the Tyresta National Park on the Tyresö side.

Urban areas[edit]

Population of urban areas within municipal borders, as of 2000:

Residential areas[edit]

Number or inhabitants per residential area as of 2006:

  • Bollmora: 14 861
  • Trollbäcken: 11 916
  • Krusboda: 3 773
  • Tyresö Strand: 3 517
  • Öringe: 2 536
  • Brevikshalvön: 2 101
  • Lindalen: 1 828
  • South/East Tyresö: 860
  • "Unspecified": 84
  • Total: 41,476

Geography[edit]

View from Telegrafberget towards Stockholm. The Ericsson Globe can be seen on the horizon.

The vast bulk of Tyresö lies on the Södertörn peninsula, with some islands in the Baltic sea, of which Ägnö and Härsö are the largest ones. There are many lakes in Tyresö, being part of the Tyresån lake system. In the south there is a large old forest of which a part is in the Tyresta national park, and other large parts are in other nature reserves.

The terrain is typical for the region, low hills and valleys formed by the last ice age. The highest point is at Telegrafberget 84 metres (276 feet) above sea level.

Tyresö has a land border with Stockholm in the northwest, with Nacka in the north, and with Haninge in the south. A lake border with Huddinge in the west, and a sea border with Värmdö in the east and northeast.

Public transportation[edit]

Tyresö is served by the county-wide public transport system operated by AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik.

Tyresö is one of few municipalities in Stockholm County, which have no rail connections. Most of the bus routes connect to the Stockholm Metro at Gullmarsplan, but there are also buses running directly to and from central Stockholm.

Twin towns[edit]

Tyresö is twinned with:

Notable natives[edit]

Sports[edit]

The following sports clubs are located in Tyresö Municipality:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 31 December 2013" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "bollmora - tyresös mittpunkt". bollmora.se. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2013". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Storbranden 1999". tyresta.se. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°14′N 18°13′E / 59.233°N 18.217°E / 59.233; 18.217