Ukrainian Americans in New York City

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Harry F. Sinclair House (1897-1899), a National Historic Landmark, houses Ukrainian Institute of America which seeks to promote Ukrainian arts and literature, it also features occasional art exhibitions that are open to public. It is located in the prestigious Museum Mile in Manhattan, New York City.

Ukrainian Americans have been present in New York City as early as the 17th century when the city was called New Amsterdam. However, first Ukrainian mass immigration wave to New York City occurred during 1870-1899, coinciding with other mass European influxes into the city.[1] Traditional Ukrainian area in New York City is Little Ukraine, located within the East Village neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan. Ukrainian population of Little Ukraine topped around 60,000 residents after World War II, which dwindled subsequently.[2] Today about a third of approximately 80,000 Ukrainian Americans living in New York City are residing in Little Ukraine which is bound by Houston and 14th Street, and Third Avenue and Avenue A.[3] The area is sometimes also referred to as Ukrainian Village.[4] Annual Ukrainian Festival takes place on the weekend closest to May 17 on the 7th Street between 2nd and 3rd Avenue.[5][6] The festival also borders Taras Shevchenko Place, a small street connecting East 6th and East 7th Streets, named after Taras Shevchenko, a renowned Ukrainian poet, artist and humanist.

History[edit]

Entrance to the Shevchenko Scientific Society at 63 Fourth Avenue in Manhattan.

Religious practices played an important role for early Ukrainian immigrants in New York City, first Ukrainian rite liturgy took place on October 10, 1890 and 15 years later St. George's Ukrainian Catholic Church was established.[7]

Ukrainian National Women's League of America was established in New York City in 1925, promoting specifically arts and culture, among other activities. The UNWLA organized folk art exhibitions in New York City and elsewhere in the United States. In 1976 their activities culminated with the founding of The Ukrainian Museum that included permanent exhibitions.[8] The museum was hailed as one of the finest achievements of the Ukrainian American community.[9]

Shevchenko Scientific Society established its branch and United States headquarters in 1947 in New York City. It is a respectable institution dedicated to scholarly research and public service. Its international membership body included such renown former members as Albert Einstein and Max Planck. The society is located at 63 Fourth Avenue.[10]

In 1948 a prominent Ukrainian immigrant New-Yorker, William Dzus, self-made millionaire, inventor and owner of Dzus Fastener Company, founded the Ukrainian Institute of America. William Dzus came to America with $25 in his pockets and worked his way up from the very bottom, epitomizing the American success story for the Ukrainian community.[11] Dzus charitable contributions to his community culminated with the purchase of the famous Harry F. Sinclair House for the use of the institute, which became central to Ukrainian American educational, scientific, cultural and humanitarian life in New York City.[12]

Community further expanded its scientific and cultural contribution to the city life in 1950 by establishing The Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences, which essentially became an Academy of Sciences-in-exile, following occupation of Ukraine by the Soviet Union. It houses most extensive archives on Ukrainian history outside Ukraine. The academy is closely linked with Columbia University where part of its archives are stored in the Division of Rare Books and Manuscripts.[13] The academy is located at 206 West 100th Street in a designated landmark building.

Modern times[edit]

The Ukrainian Museum in Little Ukraine, East Village, Manhattan, New York City

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Ukrainians in the United States
  2. ^ [2] The New York Times: Ukrainian Accent Gets Stronger
  3. ^ [3] Ukrainians in New York
  4. ^ [4] New York City - Ukrainian Village
  5. ^ [5] New York Events, Festivals and Things to Do
  6. ^ [6] I love East Village: Events
  7. ^ History of St. George Ukrainian Catholic Church
  8. ^ . UNWLA History
  9. ^ T h e U k r a i n i a n M u s e u m
  10. ^ The Shevchenko Scientific Society
  11. ^ 1895-1964 William the Conqueror
  12. ^ About the Ukrainian Institute of America
  13. ^ UKRAINIAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES IN THE U.S., INC.

External links[edit]