Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad

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Umm Kulthum (Arabic: أم كلثوم‎) was the third daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad from his first wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. Umm Kulthum died in Sha'ban 9 A.H.[1]

Daughters of Muhammad and Khadijah[edit]

The daughters attributed to Muhammad are;

  1. Zainab bint Muhammad, married to her maternal cousin Abu al-Aas ibn al-Rabee before Hijra
  2. Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, was first married to Utbah ibn Abu Lahab and then to Uthman ibn Affan
  3. Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad, was first married to Utaybah bin Abu Lahab and then to Uthman ibn Affan after the death of her sister Ruqayyah
  4. Fatimah, was married to Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib)

The famous Sunni scholar Yusuf ibn abd al-Barr says: "His children born of Khadīja are four daughters; there is no difference of opinion about that".[2]

Sunnis do not contest the parentage of Khadijah's daughters and believe that all four were borne to Muhammad.[citation needed] They affirm what the Qur'an states, "O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers...".[3][citation needed]

According to Shia sources, Muhammad and Khadijah only had one daughter, Fatimah. The others were said to have belonged to her sister Halah or were her daughters from a previous marriage. They use the Quran to back up their view, that only the first, second, and third Imams, namely: Ali, Hassan, and Husayn, along with Fatima were the only Ahlul Bayt (family/progeny of the Prophet) during his life.[4][5] The Quran says:

The Shia scholar Abu'l-Qasim al-Kufi writes:

"When the Messenger of Allah married Khadijah, then some time thereafter Halah died leaving two daughters, one named Zaynab and the other named Ruqayyah and both of them were brought up by the Prophet and Khadijah and they maintained them, and it was the custom before Islam that a child was assigned to whoever brought him up."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibn Kathir. Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya. Garner Publishing Limited. p. 52 Vol. 4. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  2. ^ al-Istī`āb fī Ma`rifat al-Aşĥāb (Yusuf ibn abd al-Barr, The Comprehensive Compilation of the Names of the Prophet's Companions) vol.1 pp.50
  3. ^ Quran 33:59
  4. ^ Mubahala (Imprecation) @ ezsoftech.com
  5. ^ AYAT AL-MUBAHILA @ Ismaili.NET - Heritage F.I.E.L.D.
  6. ^ al-Kufi, Abu'l-Qasim. al-lstighathah. p. 69.