United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012

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The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan was held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 to elect the 14 U.S. Representatives from the state of Michigan, a decrease of one following the 2010 United States Census. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including a quadrennial presidential election and an election to the U.S. Senate. Primary elections were held on August 7, 2012. The filing deadling for candidates to file to run in the primary was May 15.[1][2] Except for two seats, all the incumbents sought re-election. The open seats were the 5th and 11th Congressional Districts. Due to the loss of one seat from the 2010 Census, two congressmen ran against each other. Despite Democrats winning more than 240,000 more votes for U.S. House districts statewide, Republicans won nine of 14 seats and Michiganders tied a state record by electing the lowest rate (35 percent) of U.S. Representatives by a major party whilst simultaneously casting its electoral votes for that party's presidential nominee.[3]

Overview[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012[4]
Party Votes Percentage Seats Before Seats After +/–
Democratic 2,327,985 50.9% 6 5 -1
Republican 2,086,804 45.6% 9 9 -
Libertarian 102,141 2.2% 0 0 -
Green 25,379 0.6% 0 0 -
U.S. Taxpayers 16,264 0.4% 0 0 -
Independents 16,059 0.4% 0 0 -
Total 4,574,632 100.00% 15 14 -1

Redistricting[edit]

The Michigan Legislature, which is controlled by the Republican Party, began the redistricting process on April 11, 2011.[5] A plan released by the Republican Party in June 2011, which would place the homes of Democrats Gary Peters and Sander Levin into the same district,[6] was passed by the Michigan House of Representatives[7] and Senate[8] later that month. The plan was signed into law by Governor Rick Snyder on August 9.[9] The two incumbents forced to face each other were Gary Peters and Hansen Clarke.

District 1[edit]

Republican Dan Benishek, who was first elected to represent the 1st district in 2010, ran for re-election.[10]

Gary McDowell, a former state representative and unsuccessful candidate for the 1st district in 2010,[11] ran unopposed for the Democratic nomination.[2] Derek Bailey, the tribal chairman of the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians had considered running as a Democrat, but chose instead to run for the 101st Michigan House district seat.[12]

The third-party candidates were Emily Salvette as the Libertarian Party nominee and Ellis Boal as the Green Party nominee.[13]

In redistricting, the 1st district was made slightly more favorable to Republicans: Republican nominee John McCain received less than one percentage point more of the vote in the 2008 presidential election in the newly drawn district compared to the former district.[6] Roll Call had rated the race as "Leans Republican,"[14] but changed the rating first to "Tossup"[15] and then "Leans Democratic."[16]

Benishek defeated McDowell by a narrow plurality of 1,881 votes or 1.1% of the vote.[17]

Polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Dan
Benishek (R)
Gary
McDowell (D)
Benenson Strategy Group[18] September 29–October 1, 2012 400 ± 4.9% 40% 43%
Garin-Hart-Yang[19] September 18–20, 2012 402 ± 4.9% 40% 49%
Public Policy Polling[20] September 18–19, 2012 866 ± 3.3% 42% 44%
Garin-Hart-Yang[21] June 19–20, 2012 402 ± 4.9% 40% 38%
Public Policy Polling[22] January 18–23, 2012 867 ± 3.3% 41% 46%
General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dan Benishek (Incumbent) 167,060 48.1%
Democratic Gary McDowell 165,179 47.6%
Libertarian Emily Salvette 10,630 3.1%
Green Ellis Boal 4,168 1.2%
Totals 347,037 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 2[edit]

Republican Bill Huizenga, who was first elected to represent the 2nd district in 2010, sought re-election.[10] He was unopposed for the Republican primary.

Muskegon city commissioner Willie German Jr ran in the August primary as a write-in candidate[23] after David Takitaki, a political science professor at Adrian College and Muskegon Community College, was seeking the Democratic nomination to challenge Huizenga, but withdrew from the race for health reasons.[24] Commissioner German was therefore on the ballot on the Democratic side.[13]

Other third-party candidates on the ballot were Mary Buzuma for the Libertarian Party, Ronald Graeser for the U.S. Taxpayers Party and William Opalicky for the Green Party.

Roll Call rates the race as "Safe Republican",[25] and Huizenga won easily re-election with 61.2% of the vote.[26]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Huizenga (Incumbent) 194,653 61.2%
Democratic Willie German, Jr. 108,973 34.2%
Libertarian Mary Buzuma 8,750 2.6%
Constitution Ronald Graeser 3,176 1.1%
Green William Opalicky 2,715 0.9%
Totals 318,267 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 3[edit]

Republican Justin Amash, who was first elected to represent the 3rd district in 2010, is seeking re-election and ran unopposed in the Republican primary.[10]

Former state representative, former judge, former Kent County Commissioner and small business owner Steve Pestka[27] won the Democratic primary, defeating Trevor Thomas who had worked for former governor Jennifer Granholm's 2006 re-election campaign and in her executive office.[28] Redistricting drew the home of former Democratic Representative Mark Schauer, who represented the 7th district from 2009 until 2011, into the district;[6] but he decided not to run for Congress in 2012.[29] Pat Miles, a lawyer who unsuccessfully challenged Amash as the Democratic nominee in 2010, also decided not to run.[30][31]

Libertarian Party candidate Bill Gelineau is also on the ballot.[13]

In redistricting, the 3rd district was made more favorable to Democrats.[6] Roll Call rate the race as "Likely Republican."[15]

Amash won re-election with 52.6% of the vote.[26]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (Incumbent) 171,675 52.6%
Democratic Steve Pestka 144,108 44.2%
Libertarian Bill Gelineau 10,498 3.2%
Independent Steven Butler (write-in) 2 <0.01%
Totals 326,283 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links
Justin Amash
Bill Gelineau
Steve Pestka
Trevor Thomas

District 4[edit]

Republican David Lee Camp, who has represented the 4th district since 1993 and previously represented the 10th district from 1991 until 1993, will seek re-election.[10] The Democratic candidate is attorney Debra Freidell Wirth.[32] The other candidates are John Gelineau for the Libertarian Party, George Zimmer for the U.S. Taxpayers Party and Pat Timmons for the Green Party.[13] Roll Call rates the race as "Likely Republican".[25] Camp easily won re-election with 63.1% of the vote.[33]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dave Camp (Incumbent) 197,386 63.1%
Democratic Debra Freidell Wirth 104,996 33.6%
Libertarian John Gelineau 4,285 1.4%
Constitution George Zimmer 3,506 1.1%
Green Pat Timmons 2,776 0.9%
Totals 312,949 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links
David Lee Camp
John Gelineau
Pat Timmons
Debra Freidell Wirth
George Zimmer

District 5[edit]

Democrat Dale Kildee, who has represented the 5th district since 2003 and previously represented the 9th district from 1993 until 2003 and the 7th district from 1977 until 1993, chose to retire rather than run for re-election in 2012.[34] His nephew, former Genesee County treasurer Dan Kildee ran unopposed on the Democratic side.[35]

Former Democratic state representative Jim Slezak,[36] and Tuscola County public safety officer Tom Wassa,[37] sought the Republican nomination.[35] Slezak defeated Wassa in the GOP primary.[31]

Flint school board member David Davenport ran as an independent.[38] Also running was Gregory Creswell of the Libertarian Party.[13]

Roll Call rated the race as "Safe Democratic".[25] Dan Kildee easily won his uncle's seat with 65% of the vote.

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dan Kildee 214,531 65%
Republican Jim Slezak 103,931 31.5%
Independent David Davenport 6,694 2%
Libertarian Gregory Creswell 4,990 1.5%
Totals 330,146 100%
Democratic hold Swing {{{swing}}}

[39]

External links

District 6[edit]

Republican Fred Upton, who has represented the 6th district since 1993 and previously represented the 4th district from 1987 until 1993, will seek re-election.[10] Former state Representative Jack Hoogendyk, who unsuccessfully challenged Upton in the Republican primary in 2010, announced on January 17, 2012 that he would run again.[40] Upton easily defeated Hoogendyk in the GOP primary.[31]

Mike O'Brien, a project leader at Herman Miller and former organic farmer, will seek the Democratic nomination.[41] John Waltz, an Iraq and Afghanistan war veteran who unsuccessfully ran for Congress in Kentucky's 4th congressional district in 2010, had planned to seek the Democratic nomination,[42] but dropped out in February 2012 because of an illness.[43]

Jason Gatties, a business manager and security consultant from St.Joseph, received the US Taxpayers Party of Michigan's nomination at their state convention on June 16, 2012.[citation needed]

Christie Gelineau received the Libertarian Party's nomination at their state Saturday June 2, 2012.[citation needed]

Roll Call rates the race as "Likely Republican".[25]

Upton was re-elected with 54.6% of the vote.[39]

Republican primary polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Jack
Hoogendyk
Fred
Upton
Undecided
EPIC-MRA[44] July 28–29, 2012 800 ± 3.5% 31% 61% 8%
General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (Incumbent) 174,955 54.6%
Democratic Mike O'Brien 136,563 42.6%
Libertarian Christie Gelineau 6,366 2.1%
Independent Jason Gatties 2,591 0.7%
Totals 320,475 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 7[edit]

In redistricting, the 7th district was made slightly more favorable to Republicans: McCain received less than one percentage point more of the vote in the 2008 presidential election in the newly drawn district compared to the former district.[6]

Republican Tim Walberg, who has represented the 7th district since January 2011 and previously served from 2007 until 2009, is running for re-election.[10] Mike Stahly, a former member of the Potterville City Council, and Dan Davis, businessman and former police officer, challenged Walberg in the Republican primary.[45]

Kurt Haskell, an attorney,[46] and Ruben Marquez, the chairman of the Jackson County Democratic Party,[47] ran for the Democratic nomination. Former U.S. Representative Joe Schwarz, who represented the 7th district from 2005 to 2007 as a Republican and was defeated by Walberg in the Republican primary in 2006, and had been recruited by the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee,[48] has decided not to run.[49] Former U.S. Representative Mark Schauer, who represented the 7th district from 2009 until 2011, no longer lives within its boundaries and will not run.[50]

Walberg won the GOP primary and Haskell won the Democratic primary and will face each other in November.[31]

Also running are Ken Proctor of the Libertarian Party and Richard Wunsch of the Green Party.[13]

Roll Call rates the race as "Likely Republican".[25]

Walberg was re-elected with 53.3% of the vote.[51]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Walberg (Incumbent) 169,668 53.3%
Democratic Kurt R. Haskell 136,849 43%
Libertarian Ken Proctor 8,088 2.5%
Green Richard Wunsch 3,464 1.1%
Totals 318,069 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 8[edit]

Republican Mike Rogers, who has represented the 8th district since 2001, sought re-election.[10] Rogers had two challengers for the Republican nomination, Brian Hetrick and Vernon Molnar.[2] Rogers easily won the GOP nomination.[31] Lance Enderle, a former teacher and unsuccessful candidate for the 8th district in 2010 was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.[52] Other candidates were Daniel Goebel of the Libertarian Party and independent candidate Preston Brooks.[13]

Roll Call rated the race as "Likely Republican".[25]

Rogers won re-election with 58.6% of the vote.[53]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Rogers (Incumbent) 202,217 58.6%
Democratic Lance Enderle 128,657 37.3%
Libertarian Daniel Goebel 8,083 2.3%
Independent Preston Brooks 6,097 1.8%
Totals 345,054 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 9[edit]

In redistricting, the homes of Democratic Representatives Sander Levin and Gary Peters were drawn into the 9th district,[6] which comprises mostly Macomb County but also includes a part of Oakland County.[54]

Levin, who has represented the 12th district since 1993 and previously represented the 17th district from 1983 until 1993, will seek re-election here.[25] Peters, who has represented the 9th district since 2009, will seek re-election in the redrawn 14th district.[55]

Don Volaric, a businessman who unsuccessfully challenged Levin as the Republican nominee in the 12th district in 2010, is running for the seat.[56] He was opposed in the Republican primary by Gregory Dildilian.
Volaric defeated Dildilian in the GOP primary.[31]

Jim Fulner, an engineer from Berkley, earned the Libertarian Party nomination at their state conventino June 2, 2012 in Livonia.[57]Julia Williams, the 2010 Green Party Candidate for the same seat, was nominated again at the 2012 Michigan Green Party convention, Saturday June 9, 2012 in Mount Pleasant.[58] Lester Townsend received the US Taxpayers Party of Michigan's nomination at their state convention Saturday June 16, 2012. This marks the fourth election cycle in a row Townsend has challenged Levin for his seat.

Roll Call rates the race as "Likely Democratic".[25]

Levin easily won re-election with 61.9% of the vote.[59]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Sander Levin (Incumbent) 208,846 61.8%
Republican Don Volaric 114,760 34.1%
Libertarian Jim Fulner 6,100 1.8%
Green Julia Williams 4,708 1.4%
Constitution Les Townsend 2,902 0.9%
Totals 337,316 100%
Democratic hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 10[edit]

Republican Candice Miller, who has represented the 10th district since 2003, will seek re-election.[10] Two candidates were seeking the Democratic nomination, Jerome Quinn and Chuck Stadler. Stadler defeated Quinn in the Democratic primary.[31] Also running is Bhagwan Dashairya for the Libertarian Party.[13] Roll Call rates the race as "Likely Republican".[25] Miller won re-election by a landslide of 68.8% of the vote.[60]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Candice Miller (Incumbent) 226,075 68.8%
Democratic Chuck Stadler 97,734 29.7%
Libertarian Bhagwan Dashairya 4,803 1.5%
Totals 328,612 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 11[edit]

Special election[edit]

Thad McCotter had represented the old 11th district since 2003 and sought the Republican presidential nomination. After poor polling results, McCotter ended his presidential campaign and announced plans to run again for his seat in Congress. On May 26, 2012, the Michigan Secretary of State announced McCotter had fallen well short of the required 1,000 petition signatures required for him to qualify for the primary ballot.[61][62] In what state officials described as a level of fraud unprecedented in Michigan political history, subsequent reviews of McCotter's petitions revealed that over 85 percent of the signatures were invalid. Most of them were either duplicates or signatures that appeared to have been pasted from past years' petitions.[63][64] Conceding that the signatures were indeed invalid, McCotter announced he would mount a write-in bid for his seat;[65] however, he decided not to continue with his write-in bid on June 2 and announced his intention to retire after completing his term.[66] McCotter suddenly resigned from his seat on July 6, leaving the 11th District unrepresented.[67]

Secretary of State Ruth Johnson found the apparent fraud egregious enough to turn the evidence over to the Michigan attorney general's office to determine if laws were broken regarding the invalid signatures.[68] The Michigan Attorney General's office charged four McCotter aides with forgery, although McCotter was not charged with any wrongdoing.[69][70]

McCotter's resignation resulted in a special election, which was expected to cost taxpayers $650,000.[71][72]

Democratic candidate David Curson defeated Kerry Bentivolio in the Special General Election, conducted in the 2012-configured 11th district only, and coinciding with the regular general election on November 6. John Tatar was also on the ballot for the Libertarian Party and Mark Sosnowski for the U.S. Taxpayers Party. [73] [74] Bentivolio was endorsed by Gov. Rick Snyder, Lt. Gov. Brian Calley, Senator Rand Paul, and Congress members Candice Miller, Justin Amash, Dan Banishek and Ron Paul, and former officeholders Rick Santorum and Peter Hoekstra. [75]

Regular election[edit]

For the regular primary held August 7, 2012 for the upcoming two-year term in Congress, Kerry Bentivolio, a veteran and former teacher who had already planned to challenge McCotter, was left the only candidate on the Republican primary ballot.[73] The Troy Republican Club, U.S. House Member Justin Amash, Tea Party groups and Ron Paul's PAC all endorsed Bentivolio.[74][75] Other Republicans, including Oakland County Executive L. Brooks Patterson, refused to endorse Bentivolio and instead endorsed former state senator Nancy Cassis as a write-in candidate.[76] Bentivolio defeated Cassis in the August 7 primary, and will be the only Republican candidate on the ballot in areas covered by the new 11th. Also running as write-in candidates are Cassis and Drexel Morton.[77]

Dr. Syed Taj, a member of the Canton Township Board of Trustees,[78] is the Democratic nominee, defeating Bill Roberts, a follower of radical Lyndon LaRouche.

Other candidates are John Tatar of the Libertarian Party, Steven Paul Duke of the Green Party and Daniel Johnson of the Natural Law Party.[13]

As a result of Republican-leaning areas of the old 9th district being drawn into the new 11th,[6] the 11th district was made more favorable to Republicans. McCain received four percentage points more of the vote in the 2008 presidential election in the newly drawn district compared to the current district. While Roll Call rated this race as "Likely Republican" before the primary,[79] they changed the rating to "Leans Republican".[80] It has since changed back to "Likely Republican."

Bentivolio was elected with 50.8% of the vote.[60]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kerry Bentivolio 181,788 50.8%
Democratic Syed Taj 158,879 44.4%
Libertarian John Tatar 9,637 2.7%
Green Steven Paul Duke 4,569 1.3%
Natural Law Daniel Johnson 3,251 0.9%
Independent Write-ins 15 <0.1%
Totals 358,139 100%
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links
Kerry Bentivolio
Nancy Cassis
Steven Paul Duke
Daniel Johnson
Syed Taj
John Tatar

District 12[edit]

Democrat John Dingell, who has represented the district since 2003 and previously from 1955 until 1965, and previously represented the 16th district from 1965 until 2003, will seek re-election here. Daniel Marcin, a doctorate student at the University of Michigan, will challenge Dingell in the Democratic primary.[81] Fellow Democratic U.S. Representative Sander Levin, who has represented the 12th district since 1993 and previously represented the 17th district from 1983 until 1993, will seek re-election in the redrawn 9th district.[25]

Karen Jacobsen, a businesswoman, and Cynthia Kallgren, former candidate for State Representative, will seek the Republican nomination.[81]

Dingell easily won the Democratic nomination and Kallgren was ahead for the GOP nomination by a very narrow margin with all precincts reporting.[31]

Richard Secula is the Libertarian Party candidate.[13]

Roll Call rates the race as "Safe Democratic".[25]

Dingell won re-election in a landslide win with 67.9% of the vote.[82]

General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John D. Dingell (Incumbent) 216,884 67.8%
Republican Cynthia Kallgren 92,472 29.1%
Libertarian Richard Secula 9,867 3.1%
Totals 319,223 100%
Democratic hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 13[edit]

Democrat John Conyers, who has represented the 14th district since 1993 and previously represented the 1st district from 1965 until 1993, sought re-election in the new 13th district. Democrat Hansen Clarke, who was first elected to represent the 13th district in 2010, is instead running in the 14th district.[83] State Senator Glenn S. Anderson,[84] Wayne-Westland school board member John Goci,[85] state Representative Shanelle Jackson,[86] and state Senator Bert Johnson,[87][88] are challenging Conyers for the Democratic nomination. Godfrey Dillard, an attorney, had also been seeking the Democratic nomination but was removed from the primary ballot after filing fewer than the 1,000 signatures needed to be eligible for the ballot.[89]

Conyers easily won the Democratic nomination.[31]

Harry Sawicki was unopposed for the Republican nomination.[89]

The Libertarian Party of Michigan has nominated Chris Sharer of Westland as their candidate.[90] and Martin Gray is the U.S. Taxpayers Party candidate.[13]

Roll Call rates the race as "Safe Democratic".[25]

Conyers won re-election in a landslide win.[91]

Democratic primary polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Glenn
Anderson
John
Conyers
John
Goci
Shanelle
Jackson
Bert
Johnson
Undecided
EPIC-MRA[92] July 28–29, 2012 800 ± 3.5% 17% 57% 4% 7% 5% 10%
General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Conyers, Jr. 235,336 82.8%
Republican Harry T. Sawicki 38,769 13.6%
Libertarian Chris Sharer 6,076 2.1%
Constitution Martin Gray 4,089 1.4%
Totals 284,270 100%
Democratic hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 14[edit]

The new 14th district crosses the traditional boundary of the 8 Mile Road (separating Detroit from Oakland County) in order to continue to have a majority of minority voters. A large part of the district is now outside of Detroit (it comprises approximately 40 percent Detroit, 40 percent Oakland County, and 20 percent out lying Wayne County).[54]

Democratic U.S. Representatives Gary Peters, who was elected to represent the 9th district in 2008, and Hansen Clarke, who was first elected to represent the 13th district in 2010, will seek election in the new 14th district. Southfield mayor Brenda Lawrence;[55][93] former state representative Mary Waters, who unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination in the 13th district in 2008,[94] and Bob Costello also seek the Democratic nomination. The lone Republican candidate for the seat is John Hauler. Leonard Schwartz, Lawyer and Perennial candidate from Oak Park, who most recently challenged Sandy Levin for US House District 12 in 2010, is the Libertarian Nominee.[95]Douglas Campbell, an engineer from Ferndale, is the Green Party Candidate.[citation needed] Democrat John Conyers, who has represented the 14th district since 1993 and previously represented the 1st district from 1965 until 1993, will instead run in the 13th district.[83]

Peters won the Democratic nomination.[96]

Leonard Schwartz is the Libertarian Party candidate and Douglas Campbell is the Green Party candidate.[13]

Roll Call rates the race as "Safe Democratic".[25]

Peters won re-election in a landslide win of 82.2% of the vote.[97]

Democratic primary polling
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Hansen
Clarke
Bob
Costello
Brenda
Lawrence
Gary
Peters
Mary
Waters
Undecided
EPIC-MRA[92] July 28–29, 2012 800 ± 3.5% 33% 1% 7% 52% 2% 5%
General Election results
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gary Peters (Incumbent) 270,450 82.3%
Republican John Hauler 51,395 15.6%
Libertarian Leonard Schwartz 3,968 1.2%
Green Douglas Campbell 2,979 0.9%
Totals 328,792 100%
Democratic hold Swing {{{swing}}}
External links

District 15[edit]

As the 15th district was eliminated, Democrat John Dingell, who has represented the district since 2003 and previously from 1955 until 1965, and previously represented the 16th district from 1965 until 2003, successfully sought re-election in the 12th district.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "August 7, 2012 Primary and November 6, 2012 General Election: Important Dates and Filing Deadlines" (PDF). Michigan Department of State. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c 2012 Official Michigan Primary Candidate Listing
  3. ^ Ostermeier, Eric (July 8, 2013). "Michigan Democrats' Gerrymandering Problem at Historic Level". Smart Politics. 
  4. ^ Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives
  5. ^ McMillin, Zane (April 11, 2011). "Mich. Legislature to start redistricting". The State News. Retrieved June 5, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Blake, Aaron (June 20, 2011). "Michigan map highlights GOP redistricting challenges". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 21, 2011. 
  7. ^ Martin, Tim (June 22, 2011). "Michigan House approves new districts for Congress". The Advocate. Retrieved June 24, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Michigan Senate approves new congressional map". Grand Haven Tribune. June 30, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  9. ^ Miller, Joshua (August 9, 2011). "Snyder Signs New Michigan Map". Roll Call. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Most of state's congressional delegation to seek re-election". Morning Sun. April 17, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2011. 
  11. ^ Schultz, Marisa (September 14, 2011). "UP's Benishek welcomes McDowell to Congressional race". The Detroit News. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  12. ^ http://electderekbailey.com/chairman-derek-bailey-withdraws-from-congressional-race-and-will-seek-michigans-101st-house-district/
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l 2012 Official Michigan General Candidate Listing
  14. ^ Midwest Region Roundup : Roll Call Special Features Election Preview
  15. ^ a b House Race Ratings: Changes in Michigan and Washington | At the Races
  16. ^ Michigan: Facing Stiff Challenge, Strong 3rd Quarter for Benishek Coffers | At the Races
  17. ^ 2012 Official Michigan General Election Results - 1st District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position
  18. ^ "Third Poll Confirms Gary McDowell's Lead Over Congressman Dan Benishek". DCCC. October 2, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  19. ^ "McDowell Leads Benishek By Nine Points In 2010 Rematch". House Majority PAC. September 24, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Michigan 1st Congressional District Survey Results". Public Policy Polling. September 20, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  21. ^ Toeplitz, Shira (June 25, 2012). "Michigan: Democratic Poll Shows Gary McDowell Within 2 Points of Dan Benishek". Roll Call. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  22. ^ "House Majority PAC Releases Polls in 8 GOP Districts; all 8 in Deep Trouble Back Home". House Majority PAC. January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  23. ^ Muskegon Democratic Congressional candidate awaiting write-in totals to challenge Huizenga | MLive.com
  24. ^ Muskegon Township Congressional candidate withdraws following weight-reduction surgery | MLive.com
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Toeplitz, Shira (September 21, 2011). "Race Ratings: GOP Shores Up Freshmen in Competitive Michigan". Roll Call. Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  26. ^ a b 2012 Official Michigan General Election Results - 2nd District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position
  27. ^ Newkirk, Barrett (March 5, 2012). "Steve Pestka announces campaign for U.S. House". The Battle Creek Enquirer. Retrieved March 13, 2012. 
  28. ^ Newkirk, Barrett (February 13, 2012). "G.R. Democrat files to run against Amash". The Enquirer. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Mark Schauer announces he won't run for Congress in 2012". Battle Creek Enquirer. July 27, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Miles won't run for Congress in 2012". WOOD-TV. October 17, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MI_Page_0807.html?SITE=MIDTFELN&SECTION=POLITICS
  32. ^ Election lineup: Congressman Dave Camp faces Clinton County Democrat in November election | MLive.com
  33. ^ 2012 Official Michigan General Election Results - 4th District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position
  34. ^ Gray, Kathleen (July 15, 2011). "Rep. Dale Kildee to retire next year after 34 years in Congress". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved July 15, 2011. 
  35. ^ a b Three contenders have officially filed to run for Democratic U.S. Rep. Dale E. Kildee's seat in Washington D.C. | MLive.com
  36. ^ Acosta, Roberto (September 21, 2011). "Former state Rep. Jim Slezak switches parties; announces run for U.S. Rep. Dale Kildee's seat". Flint Journal. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  37. ^ Burns, Gus (January 3, 2012). "Tuscola County Republican to compete for U.S. congressional seat held by Dale Kildee since 1976". The Saginaw News. Retrieved February 17, 2012. 
  38. ^ Flint school board member David Davenport running for Congress to replace U.S. Rep. Dale Kildee | MLive.com
  39. ^ a b 2012 Official Michigan General Election Results - 5th District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position
  40. ^ Klug, Fritz (January 17, 2012). "Jack Hoogendyk to challenge U.S. Rep. Fred Upton again for seat in Congress". Kalamazoo Gazette. Retrieved March 23, 2012. 
  41. ^ Klug, Fritz (April 12, 2012). "Democrats have ex-Marine Mike O'Brien as candidate for Congress". Kalamazoo Gazette. Retrieved April 12, 2012. 
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