United World Colleges

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United World Colleges
United World Colleges logo.svg
Location
Canada
Hong Kong
India
Italy
Norway
Singapore
Swaziland
United States
United Kingdom
Costa Rica
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Netherlands
Germany
Armenia

Information
Type School, colleges and short programmes
Established 1960
Founder Kurt Hahn
President Queen Noor of Jordan
Lord Mountbatten (former)
Prince Charles (former)
Nelson Mandela (former)
Website

United World Colleges (or UWC) is an education movement comprising 14 international schools and colleges, national committees in more than 140 countries, and a series of short educational programmes. Students are selected from around the globe based on their merit and potential. UWC schools, colleges and national committees offer scholarship and bursary schemes as well as accepting a significant number of fee-paying students.

The UWC international organisation is a British-based foundation and has 14 schools and colleges in Canada, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Norway, Singapore, Swaziland, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Armenia, Costa Rica, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Netherlands; national committees in more than 140 countries; a portfolio of short programmes running in numerous countries; a network of more than 50,000 alumni from more than 181 countries,[1] and an International Office in London.

Nine UWC colleges teach the International Baccalaureate, with three schools in Singapore, the Netherlands and Swaziland which, on top of the IB, also teach a pre-16 syllabus to younger students. The now-closed UWC vocational college in Venezuela accepted students at tertiary level and taught a Higher Diploma in Farm Administration. Each UWC typically comprises between 200 and 300 students from about 85 countries.

History[edit]

The first UWC college, the United World College of the Atlantic, located in a 12th Century castle set in 90 hectares of grounds in the Vale of Glamorgan in South Wales, United Kingdom, was founded in 1962 with the initiative of Kurt Hahn, a German educationalist who had previously founded Schule Schloss Salem in Germany, Gordonstoun in Scotland, and the Outward Bound movement; the castle was gifted to UWC by Antonin Besse II, the son of Sir Antonin Besse. Kurt Hahn's vision was based on his post-war experience at the NATO Defence College, where he had observed discussion and collaboration between former enemies. He wanted to transmit a spirit of mutual understanding to young people to help them overcome prejudice and antagonism through living and working together.

Hahn envisaged a college educating boys and girls of age 16 to 20. The selection would be based on personal motivation and potential, regardless of any social, economic or cultural factors. A scholarship programme would facilitate recruitment of young people from different economic backgrounds.[2] The project was realised in 1962 with the inauguration of Atlantic College in Wales.

There are currently 14 colleges in UWC movement. UWC Simón Bolivar was a member of the movement until its closing. The opening date for each college is given for each below:

Two new colleges are scheduled to opened in September, 2014:

The UWC movement presidents have included Lord Mountbatten (1967-1978), Prince Charles (1978- 1995), Her Majesty Queen Noor of Jordan (1995–present). Former South African President Nelson Mandela was the honorary president of UWC from 1999 until his death in December 2013.

The philosophy of the schools is in accordance with a thought from Nobel Peace Prize laureate Lester B. Pearson: "How can there be peace without people understanding each other; and how can this be if they don't know each other?"

Academics[edit]

UWC schools and colleges offer two years of pre-university education (with the exception of the Simón Bolívar United World College of Agriculture in Venezuela which offered an agricultural diploma) and United World College of South East Asia in Singapore which offers kindergarten through grade 12 on its two campuses. After graduation an UWC alumni are holders of the International Baccalaureate Diploma, a high school diploma recognised worldwide. The International Baccalaureate has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, while its Examinations Office is in Cardiff, United Kingdom, in part due to the influence of nearby United World College of the Atlantic in its early development.

The three working languages of the International Baccalaureate are English, French and Spanish. Ten of the twelve UWC schools and colleges use English as the main language of teaching and communication. UWC of the Adriatic in Italy and the Red Cross Nordic UWC in Norway require that all students study Italian and Norwegian respectively in order to facilitate their relationship with the local populations. The teaching in the Simón Bolívar United World College of Agriculture in Venezuela was in Spanish, with English language classes. That college was attended by slightly older students and offered a diploma in agricultural administration.

UWC students are eligible, after graduation, to participate in the Shelby Davis Scholarship programme, which funds undergraduate study (based on need) for UWC students at 91 universities in the United States.[4]

Activities[edit]

The CAS (Creativity, Action, Service) programme – one of the requirements of the IB Diploma – is a part of UWC system. CAS and the IB programme have their roots at the United World College of the Atlantic. During the creation of the IB programme, the academic and social lives of students at Atlantic College were taken as examples.

Special activities at UWC schools and colleges include the Coral Monitoring Service at Li Po Chun United World College and the student-run kitchen garden at United World College of the Atlantic. At Mahindra United World College of India students fight fires in order to protect the school's local biodiversity reserve. At the United World College in Mostar the CAS Program contributes to the restoration of the divided post-conflict Mostar society. At the Armand Hammer United World College of the American West students can take part in the Bartos Institute for Constructive Engagement of Conflict, Wilderness First Aid certification course or engage in Southwest Studies exploring New Mexico’s local treasures.

Admissions[edit]

Entry into a UWC school or college is based on a students' commitment to UWC values and how suited they are to champion UWC's mission. Many UWC students are awarded scholarships directly from the school or college or through the national committee system. UWC national committees are located in roughly 140 countries, some are run completely by volunteers, others have staff.

Applicants for UWC scholarships are interviewed by national committees, all of which have a slightly different system but are unified by the UWC mission and values. In Egypt, for example, the places are offered on the basis of a system of national competitions and specialised interviews, whereas in Portugal, Brazil, Argentina, the United Kingdom, Spain, Germany and Italy shortlisted applicants attend a two-day residential with an interview, games and debates. In other countries, such as Hong Kong and Colombia, applicants are invited to attend a day-camp named "Challenge Day" where they engage in activities such as debate, learning a new language, and group games. Shortlisted applicants then attend a final interview before gaining admission.

Notable alumni[edit]

Politics and Government

Business

Arts

Academics

Other

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graduate Profiles on uwc.org
  2. ^ David Sutcliffe (1983), Roy Denning, ed., "The First Twenty Years of the United World Colleges" (in English), The Story of St. Donat's Castle and Atlatic College (Cambridge: D. Brown in conjunction with Stewart Williams): pp. 85–118, ISBN 0-905928-26-1 S. 88
  3. ^ "The Canadian Encyclopedia – Lester B. Pearson College of the Pacific" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  4. ^ "Participating institutions to the Shelby Davis Scholarship program". 
  5. ^ "The Royal House - The Prince of Orange - Education". Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Douglas Alexander: Electoral history and profile". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Folketinget (the danish parliament) – Lene Espersen". Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  8. ^ "Australian Government - Directory". Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "2004 Reunion Attendees Class of 1984". Kaleidoskope. UWC-USA. p. 15. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "BBC news: MEP Eluned Morgan will step down". BBC News. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  11. ^ "HOUSE OF LORDS - Official Report" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (HANSARD). 2011-01-26. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  12. ^ "South African Government Information – Profile Information". Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  13. ^ "Biography of L.W.S.A.L.B. van der Laan" (in Dutch). Parliamentary Documentation Centre. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Members of the Bureau: Biography". ELDR. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  15. ^ "HELSINGIN SANOMAT INTERNATIONAL EDITION - PEOPLE" (in English). 23 January 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  16. ^ "Robert Milton". Alumni Profile. UWCSEA. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "NNDB - Jorma Ollila" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  18. ^ "Nokia - Jorma Ollila" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  19. ^ "Peter Sands". Alumni Profiles. United World Colleges. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/awaye/the-dreaming-award3a-nakkiah-lui/4051556
  21. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLEPppgh_Ms
  22. ^ http://www.pearsoncollege.ca/blog/?565741594151775C5853655F44407C740A0603
  23. ^ "Sally El Hosaini". Alumni Profiles. UWC Atlantic College. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  24. ^ "Anne Enright" (in German). 
  25. ^ "Karen Mok - Bio" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-08. 
  26. ^ Miro, Victoria. "Wangechi Mutu - biography". Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ "Manchester United Supporters' Trust - Founder". Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  29. ^ "Sir Howard Newby". Alumni Profiles. UWC Atlantic College. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  30. ^ "Books By Alumni". Alumni Lists. Pearson College. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  31. ^ "Professor Federico Varese". University of Oxford. Retrieved 28 Dec 2013. 
  32. ^ "University Staff Directory: Professor Ghil'ad Zuckermann" (in English). The University of Adelaide. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  33. ^ "The Greek Royal Family - Prince Pavlos". Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  34. ^ Carlin, John (3 January 1993). "A child of her time". London: The Independent. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  35. ^ "Astronaut Bio: Akihiko Hoshide". NASA. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  36. ^ "Canadian Space Agency - Biografie" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  37. ^ "NASA - Astronauts Bio" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  38. ^ Mihic, Andrea (2 May 2008). "Another win for Mayumi Raheem at swimming". United Words. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  39. ^ 10TH SAF GAMES - 2006 COLOMBO (SRI LANKA) - SWIMMING medal tally
  40. ^ "Saba Douglas-Hamilton – Bio" (in English). Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  41. ^ Knox, Malcolm (2010-11-13). "A head for the hard sell". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  42. ^ "The Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross - The Bishop". Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  43. ^ "Kim Han-sol interviewed by Elisabeth Rehn (1/2)". YouTube. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  44. ^ "Clement Kjersgaard fortæller om sine 2 år som UWC elev". United World Colleges Denmark. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  45. ^ Kjersgaard, Clement (08.12.2012). "Ti principper for bedre journalistik". Politiken. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 

External links[edit]