(from Greek σχολεῖον
) is an institution
designed to allow and encourage students
(or "pupils") to learn, under the supervision of teachers
. Most countries have systems of formal education
, which is commonly compulsory
. In these systems, students often progress through a series of schools: primary school
, secondary school
, and possibly a university
, vocational school
or a college
. There are also non-governmental schools, called private or independent schools
. A school may be dedicated to a particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools
and democratic education
may provide nontraditional methods and curriculum, or no curriculum, as it were. In homeschooling
and online schools
, teaching and learning take place outside of a traditional school building. The use of the term school varies by country, as do the names of the various levels of education within the country.
Caulfield Grammar School
is an independent
and boarding school
, located in Melbourne
. Founded in 1881 as a boys' school by the Reverend Joseph Henry Davies, Caulfield began admitting girls exactly one hundred years later. The school amalgamated with Malvern Memorial Grammar School
(MMGS) in 1961, with the MMGS campus becoming Malvern Campus.
Caulfield has three day campuses in Victoria, Caulfield (Years 7–12), Wheelers Hill (Kindergarten–Year 12), and Malvern House (Kindergarten–Year 6). It has an outdoor education campus at Yarra Junction, and a student centre in Nanjing, China where the Year 9 internationalism programme is conducted. The Nanjing Campus became the first overseas campus for an Australian high school, and Australian Prime Minister John Howard and then-Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett both sent formal congratulations letters to Caulfield on the campus' establishment. Caulfield is the only Melbourne-based APS school to provide boarding for both boys and girls, with 95 boarding students, and is one of the largest school's in Victoria, currently catering for approximately 2,850 students.
- 1891 – James Naismith introduces the first version of basketball, with thirteen rules, a peach basket nailed to either end of his school's gymnasium, and two teams of nine players.