Victoria Baths, Manchester
|Town or city||Manchester|
Victoria Baths is a Grade II* listed building, situated in the Chorlton-upon-Medlock area of Manchester, in northwest England. The Baths opened to the public in 1906 and cost £59,144 to build. Manchester City Council closed the baths in 1993 and the building was left derelict. A multi-million pound restoration project began in 2007. As of 2009, the building is on English Heritage's Heritage at Risk Register.
The baths were designed by the City Surveyor, T. de Courcy Meade, and his assistant, Arthur Davies. The work was supervised by Henry Price, the newly appointed city architect. The baths were opened in September 1906 by the Lord Mayor of Manchester who described the building as a "water palace". For 86 years the Baths provided both essential and leisure facilities. Private baths and a laundry were housed there along with three swimming pools and a Turkish bath. The main swimming pool was floored over in the winter months to hold dances. In 1952 the Victoria Baths installed the first public Aeratone (jacuzzi) in the country.
In the design and construction of the Baths, a great deal of money was expended, Manchester having at that time one of the world's wealthiest municipal coffers. The façade has multi-coloured brickwork and terracotta decoration, the main interior public spaces are clad in glazed tiles from floor to ceiling and most of the many windows have decorative stained glass.
Various fund-raising attempts failed to bring about a restoration of the Baths, although work to prevent further deterioration of the building started in 1998.
In September 2003, the Baths won the first series of the BBC's Restoration programme. The building was chosen by a public phone-vote from a short-list of ten buildings in danger of dereliction in the UK. It was awarded £3.4 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund and the money raised through the phone-voting process. The Prince of Wales visited the baths a month later to help celebrate the win.
It was intended that the money would be spent on re-opening the Turkish bath by around 2006, with other parts following later at a cost of around £15–20m. However, the redevelopment plans were dealt a blow one year later when quantity surveyors delivered a much larger estimate of £6.3m to restore the Turkish baths. The Heritage Lottery Fund requested further details about the full redevelopment before they would hand over any money for the first phase. Final planning approval to begin a restoration process was not received until September 2005.
The first phase of restoration work consisting of structural work and repairs began on Monday 19 March 2007, and was completed in September 2008. In 2011 the Baths were used as a filming location, a concert venue, and an exhibition centre.
- History, Victoria Baths, 22 May 2008, retrieved 31 January 2010
- Victoria Baths With Attached Forecourt Walls, Heritage Gateway, retrieved 29 March 2012
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- Baths win £3.4m Restoration final, BBC News, 14 September 2003, retrieved 17 November 2010
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- Rooth, Ben (7 September 2006), "Water way to celebrate baths' 100th birthday", Manchester Evening News, retrieved 17 November 2010
- Baths restoration gets under way, BBC News, 19 March 2007, retrieved 17 November 2010
- Baths restoration moves forward, BBC News, 17 September 2008, retrieved 17 November 2010
- Bourne, Dianne (27 January 2011), "Will Young's spooky new drama Bedlam filmed in Manchester", Manchester Evening News (MEN Media), retrieved 29 March 2012
- "Water music: Victoria Baths provide unusual backdrop for concert", Manchester Evening News (MEN Media), 19 May 2011, retrieved 29 March 2012
- "Take the plunge: Swimwear exhibtion [sic] at Victoria Baths", Manchester Evening News (MEN Media), 2 April 2011, retrieved 29 March 2012
- Gordon, Ian; Inglis, Simon (2009), Great lengths: The Historic Indoor Swimming Pools of Britain, English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-905624-52-2
- Lloyd Evans Prichard (2004), Victoria Baths Conservation Plan (PDF), Lloyd Evans Prichard, archived from the original on 16 July 2011
- Williams, Prue (2004), Victoria Baths: Manchester's Water Palace, Spire Books, ISBN 978-1-904965-01-5
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