Wythenshawe Hall 2005
|Town or city||Wythenshawe, Greater Manchester|
|Design and construction|
Wythenshawe Hall is a 16th-century medieval timber-framed historic house and former stately home in Wythenshawe, Manchester, England. It is east of Altrincham and south of Stretford, five miles (8 km) south of Manchester city centre, in Wythenshawe Park.
The half-timbered Tudor house was the home of the Tatton family for almost 400 years. It was built in about 1540 by Robert Tatton of Chester. During the English Civil War, the hall was unsuccessfully defended by Robert Tatton against Cromwell's forces during the winter of 1643. After the war the Wythenshawe estate expanded to about 2,500 acres (10 km2).
In 1924 Robert Henry Grenville Tatton inherited the Wythenshawe estate and yielded to pressure from the then Manchester Corporation, who were in need of land for housing. The corporation bought 2,500 acres (1,000 ha) in 1926, and what used to be farmland became one of the largest housing estates in Europe. Wythenshawe Hall itself and 250 acres (100 ha) of its surrounding parkland were sold to Ernest Simon, who donated them to Manchester Corporation "to be used solely for the public good". The hall was used as a museum from 1930 until it closed in 2010.
The park now houses, amongst other facilities, a community farm and a horticulture centre, to the east of the hall. Every June there is a re-enactment of the 1643 siege of Wythenshawe Hall by Cromwell's troops.
Wythenshawe Hall's Home Farm was west of the hall. Some of its structures have survived as park maintenance buildings, but many were demolished when the housing estates were built. The gatehouse at the north side of the park still stands.
Wythenshawe Hall was listed as a Grade II* structure in 1952. Its former stable block, to the west of the hall, was Grade II listed in 1974.
A statue of Oliver Cromwell, by Matthew Noble., stands about 328 feet (100 m) east of the hall, and was Grade II listed in 1994. It was originally sited at the junction of Deansgate and Victoria Street in Manchester, where it stood from 1875 until the 1970s. After being in storage for a number of years it was installed at Wythenshawe.
Due to spending cuts the hall was closed to the public in 2010. One proposition was that Manchester City Council could sell the building to the National Trust. A Friends Group was formed to support monthly open days and events at the hall.
- "Wythenshawe Hall". Manchester City Galleries. Retrieved 8 November 2007.
- Riley 1999, p. 22
- "Wythenshawe Hall". English Heritage. Retrieved 3 October 2008.
- "Oliver Cromwell". Public Monument and Sculpture Association. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (W)". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- Linton, Deborah (1 June 2011). "Budget crisis could lead Manchester council to give away Heaton Hall and Wythenshawe Hall". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media).
- "Friends of Wythenshaw Hall". Friends of Wythenshaw Hall. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Riley, Peter (1999), Wythenshawe Hall and the Tatton Family (Revised ed.), Peter Riley, ISBN 1-874712-38-7