Waltz (International Standard)
The Waltz originated from the dances of several different peoples in Europe but its main predecessors were the "Matenick" and a variation called the "Furiant" that were performed during rural festivals in the Czech Republic. The French dance, the "Walt", and the Austrian Ländler are the most similar to the waltz among its predecessors.
The "king of dances" acquired different national traits in different countries. Thus there appeared the English Waltz, the Hungarian Waltz, and the Waltz-Mazurka. The "Waltz" is derived from the old German word "walzen" meaning "to roll, turn", or "to glide". Waltz was danced competitively since 1923 or 1924.
International Standard Waltz is a Waltz dance and danced to slow waltz music, preferably 28-30 bars per minute (84-90 beats per minute).  Waltz music is in 3/4 time and the 1st beat of a measure is strongly accented.
Like all dances of Standard category, Waltz is a progressive dance. It is characterized by the pendulum swing body action. Other general elements of ballroom technique important for Waltz are foot parallelism, rise and fall, contra body movement and sway.
Most of the basic figures have 1 step per 1 beat, i.e. 3 steps per measure. Advanced figures may have 4-6 steps per measure, and this, coupled with various turns, makes the dance very dynamic despite the relatively slow tempo. At the same time, advanced dancers often use slow steps and elegant poses to create contrast (sometimes referred to as "light and shade").
Note that Pre-Bronze is included as part of the Bronze syllabus.
xx. Drag Hesitation
xx. Fallaway Whisk
- WDC Competition Rules
- The Ballroom Technique; Moore, Alex (2006). Published by ISTD ASIN: B000PH46KI.
- International Standard Syllabus