|• Total||49.7 sq mi (128.8 km2)|
|• Land||48.2 sq mi (124.9 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)|
|Elevation||614 ft (187 m)|
|• Density||100/sq mi (39/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||05671, 05676 ,05677|
|GNIS feature ID||1462244|
The location where Waterbury now lies was once the frontier between the Mahican and Pennacook people. European settlement of the area dates from 1763, when King George III granted a charter for land in the Winooski River valley. James Marsh became the first permanent white settler in the region in 1783. Many of the early settlers came from Waterbury, Connecticut, and named their new town in honor of the hometown. The village of Waterbury was incorporated in 1882 with a population of over 2,000.
The state opened the Vermont State Asylum for the Insane here in 1891. The hospital, renamed the Vermont State Hospital, grew to occupy over 40 buildings, but by the 1980s the number of patients had declined to the point where only one building was required. The remainder of the campus came to be used for state offices.
Like many New England towns, Waterbury's economy was based around the local river mill industry and the surrounding agricultural producers. The mills produced products such as lumber and finished wood products, wicker products, leather, starch, and alcohol. The agriculture was based on sheep through the 19th century but switched over to dairy farming by the 20th century. Waterbury had a ski factory in the 1940s, the Derby & Ball Company.
In 1927, Waterbury, like many other Vermont communities, was devastated by flooding. Inscriptions on the sides of some buildings in Waterbury village purport to show where the level of the water rose during the 1927 flood. The village recovered, and in 1938 the Waterbury Dam was built on the Little River by the Army Corps of Engineers to control future flooding in areas downstream of the town center.
On August 29, 2011, Tropical Storm Irene flooded downtown Waterbury and filled the buildings of the Vermont State Hospital, Vermont's public psychiatric complex, with up to 6 feet (1.8 m) of water. Patients from the mental hospital were temporarily housed in various locations around Vermont, and over 1,100 of the 1,586 state employees were working in office space in other towns as of October 2011. The state was expected to decide by 2012 whether to relocate all or part of the workforce back to Waterbury.
Waterbury is the location of Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream, whose factory tours have become Vermont's most popular tourist attraction. Other local businesses include: Cabot Creamery Annex, Cold Hollow Cider Mill, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, and Lake Champlain Chocolates.
Waterbury is home to the State of Vermont's public psychiatric facility, the Vermont State Hospital. Dale Women's State Prison is located in Waterbury. In addition, some Vermont State government administrative offices are located in Waterbury.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,915 people, 2,011 households, and 1,321 families residing in the town. The population density was 810.4 people per square mile (312.9/km²). There were 2,106 housing units at an average density of 347.2 per square mile (134.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.80% White, 0.26% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 2,011 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.7 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,940, and the median income for a family was $60,547. Males had a median income of $35,566 versus $25,838 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,858. About 3.3% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Waterbury belongs to the Washington West Supervisory Union. Students attend Thatcher Brook Primary School for grades preschool and Kindergarten through 4th grade, Crossett Brook Middle School for grades 5-8, and Harwood Union High School for grades 9-12.
Radio station WDEV -550 AM & 96.1 FM (News/Talk), is located in town, with its offices and studios on Stowe Street. WWMP (MP103) - 103.3 FM (Rock, Pop & R&B) is officially licensed to Waterbury and has its transmission tower located on Ricker Mountain (which it shares with sister station WNCS Montpelier), but its offices and studios are located in South Burlington.
- William P. Dillingham, 42nd Governor of Vermont
- Wallace M. Greene, commandant of the Marine Corps
- Henry Janes, soldier, humanitarian and chief surgeon at Gettysburg
- Ken Squier, owner of WDEV Radio and co-owner of the Thunder Road International SpeedBowl auto-racing track in Barre
- William Wells, merchant, Civil War general and Medal of Honor recipient
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Waterbury town, Washington County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- Brattleboro Retreat retrieved May 13, 2008
-  retrieved Oct. 17, 2011
-  retrieved Oct. 17, 2011
- "Waterbury State Office Complex." Vermont Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- "Contact the Vermont Department of Corrections." Vermont Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- "About the Department of Corrections." Vermont Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009."A map showing where the Department of Corrections Central Office is in the Waterbury State Office complex."
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