|• Total||45.9 sq mi (118.9 km2)|
|• Land||45.0 sq mi (116.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)|
|Elevation||761 ft (232 m)|
|• Density||220/sq mi (84/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462116|
Hartford is a town in Windsor County in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is located on the New Hampshire border, at the intersection of Interstates 89 and 91. It is the site of the confluence of the White River and the Connecticut River; the Ottauquechee River also flows through the town. The town is composed of five unincorporated villages: Hartford, Quechee, West Hartford, White River Junction and Wilder. The population was 9,952 at the 2010 census.
The town of Hartford is located at (43.66444, -72.38667).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.9 square miles (118.9 km2), of which 45.0 square miles (116.5 km2) is land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.93%, is water.
Hartford is a relatively small town, with only one large grocery store and several small businesses. Part of the reason for the lack of major corporations or large businesses is West Lebanon, New Hampshire, which sits directly across the river and benefits from the lack of taxes in the state of New Hampshire. Many residents of Hartford and other Vermont towns choose to do their shopping there because of this. Because of the lack of an urban climate, Hartford's geography is more untouched than many other places, even in the relatively rural state of Vermont. There is a "downtown", centered around the Hotel Coolidge (named after president Calvin Coolidge who was born in Vermont) and containing several small businesses, a bar, and an opera house. There is also a stage production company, the Northern Stage, that has recently moved there studio to this area. The town only has two fast food restaurants, a McDonald's and a Subway (also attributed to West Lebanon who have a McDonald's, Wendy's, Burger King, Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, and a KFC). There are two places to get pizza, Hartford Pizza and CNS Pizza. Because the town of Hartford comprises five villages (West Hartford, White River Junction, Quechee, Hartland, and Wilder) the high school is a little larger than one would expect. Hartford High School also accepts students from outside Hartford on tuition. The football team has achieved great success as of late, winning four of the last five division one state championships, despite having a significantly smaller student body than competing schools like Burlington and Essex Junction.
The actual land of Hartford is very beautiful. The composition is greatly favored to forested areas as opposed to urban, with much of the land remaining untouched since the original settling of the area. There are many stone walls left in the woods that marked the limits of people's properties from the original settling. Because of the large proportion of forested area to residential, there is very good hunting and a lot of land to explore. There are a lot of hills and small mountains throughout the woods, so much so that finding a flat stretch of woods that doesn't have a house on it is very difficult. The town is bordered on two sides by rivers, the Connecticut and White respectively. There is a dam in Wilder that provides Hydroelectricity from the Connecticut River. The town still has several farms, many of which reside in the wooded hills (some residents don't even know about them). Hartford is mostly residential. There are an abundance of Hotels and Car dealerships, but that is due to the proximity to a major junction of Interstates (I-91 and I-89) and the proximity to Dartmouth College, which is just across the river as well. However, all these business are relatively tightly clustered, leaving a large percentage of the town's land to forest. There are many wild animals, ranging from small woodland creatures and fisher cats, all the way up to a large Deer and Coyote population. Also because of the hilly geography, there are many activities in the winter, such as cross country skiing, snowboarding, or snowmobiling that are available and easy to access. There are also several ski resorts within an hours drive.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,367 people, 4,509 households, and 2,800 families residing in the town. The population density was 229.6 people per square mile (88.7/km2). There were 5,493 housing units at an average density of 121.7 per square mile (47.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.02% White, 0.55% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.
There were 4,509 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,990, and the median income for a family was $51,286. Males had a median income of $35,969 versus $27,073 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,792. About 5.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
- Phillips Lord, radio writer and motion picture actor
- William Strong, US congressman
- Andrew Tracy (1797–1868), US congressman
- Joseph Tracy, leading figure in the American Colonization Society
- Horace Wells, dentist and pioneering anesthesiologist
- "Town of Hartford Vermont". Town of Hartford Vermont. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- DeLorme (1996). Vermont Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-016-9
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hartford town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- "Profile for Hartford, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hartford town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- "Phillips Lord". IMDb. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "STRONG, William, (1763 - 1840)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "TRACY, Andrew, (1797 - 1868)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hartford, Vermont.|
- Town of Hartford official website
- Hartford Area Chamber of Commerce
- Hartford Historical Society
- ePodunk: Profile for Hartford, Vermont