West Kowloon Terminus

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Not to be confused with Austin Station (MTR), the adjacent MTR station in Hong Kong.
West Kowloon Terminus
西九龍站
Site view 20140808.jpg
West Kowloon Terminus construction site
Location
City Hong Kong
District Yau Tsim Mong
Station statistics
Line(s) Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong XRL
 Airport Express
 Tung Chung Line
 West Rail Line
No. of platforms 15[1]
Rail services
Preceding station   China Railway High-speed   Following station
towards Beijing West
Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway Terminus
View of the construction site
View of the construction site
View of the construction site
Temporary roadworks along D1A(South)
Temporary roadworks along D1A (North)

West Kowloon Terminus (WKT) is the terminus of the Hong Kong Section of Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL), and is currently under construction. It is the only station in the Hong Kong Section and will connect to the mainland China section through a dedicated tunnel. It is being constructed by the MTR Corporation.[2]

Aedas, in collaboration with AECOM, have been awarded the contract to design the multi-story 25-acre (100,000 m2) terminus.[3][4]

WKT will be located in Jordan, Kowloon, north of the proposed West Kowloon Cultural District between the Airport Express and Tung Chung Line Kowloon Station and the West Rail Line Austin Station, extending into the underground area of the West Kowloon Cultural District.[5]

Originally destined to be opened in 2012, completion was initially delayed until 2015, following the shake-up of high-speed rail construction across China after the 2011 Wenzhou train collision. While construction of the station is still scheduled for completion in 2015, major flooding occurred on the 30th of March, 2014 in the railway tunnels under-construction. This saw great damage done to the tunnel boring machines and causing a major delay of two years.[6] The railway connecting the station to the rest of the Chinese high-speed rail network will not be operating until 2017, thus some aspects of the station's construction has been slowed down or delayed.[7]

Structure[edit]

Construction of the West Kowloon Terminus project was divided into two parts, XRL810A ( northern part ) and XRL810B ( southern part ) [8] (XRL meaning eXpress Rail Link). The northern construction area was awarded to Leighton Contractors & Gammon Construction(Golden Gate) responsible for joint operations. The southern part of the project was awarded to a consortium of Laing O'Rourke, HCCG(Xinchang) & Paul Y jointly responsible for the construction.

West Kowloon Terminus features 9 long distance platforms and 6 short haul regional platforms for a total of 15 platforms.[9][10] In addition, as a cross-border railway railway station, West Kowloon Terminus will also be set up with Hong Kong Customs and Immigration facilities for the passengers to go through the formalities prior to boarding the train and not requiring any stops at the Hong Kong border.[11][12][13]

Platforms[edit]

First Floor Platform
Footbridge MTR Kowloon Station and Austin Station, shop, garden squares, green Strip
Ground Concourse Entrance, concourses, public transport interchange, green ground Plaza
Underground Level 1 Hallway Floor Ticketing lobby, taxi drop-off stations, parking superstructure
Underground Level 2 Entry Level Austin Road West underpass arrival hall, offices, taxi pick-up stations, subways to Austin Station, the station car park
Underground Level 3 Departures Level Waiting room, departure hall
Underground Level 4 Side platform
Platform 1 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link regional train to Guangzhou South (Futian)
Platform 2
Island platform
Platform 3 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link regional train to Guangzhou South (Futian)
Platform 4
Island platform
Platform 5 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link regional train to Guangzhou South (Futian)
Platform 6
Side platform
Side platform
Platform 7 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link long-distance trains to major cities outside Guangdong Province (Shenzhen North)
Platform 8
Island platform
Platform 9 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link long-distance trains to major cities outside Guangdong Province (Shenzhen North)
Platform 10
Island platform
Platform 11 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link long-distance trains to major cities outside Guangdong Province (Shenzhen North)
Platform 12
Island platform
Platform 13 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link long-distance trains to major cities outside Guangdong Province (Shenzhen North)
Platform 14
Island platform
Platform 15 Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link long-distance trains to major cities outside Guangdong Province (Shenzhen North)

Green belt[edit]

West Kowloon Terminus will feature an extensive green garden and parklands across the roof area of the station. It will also set up a large collection of cultural elements and entertainment spaces. Passengers can easily cross the ground floor between Kowloon Station, Austin Station and West Kowloon Cultural District, providing Hong Kong residents and visitors ample public open space and a comfortable green walking environment. Above the station, an area of approximately 8,900 square metres will be planted with a large number of plants and trees with traffic separated. All to create a pedestrian area, a green platform and wooded park that will integrate with the West Kowloon Cultural District harbourside parklands.

In addition, the West Kowloon Terminus entrance lobby area will feature a green ecological leisure channel zone to tie in with the greenery on top of the building.

Train services[edit]

The West Kowloon Terminus will be served by both short-distance services and long-distance train services. Short-distance services consist of a frequency service to neighbouring Guangdong province, mainland China cities, including Shenzhen, Dongguan and Guangzhou, while long-distance services link Hong Kong with at least 16 major destinations in mainland China.[14] Six platforms will be designated for short haul trains, while nine will be designated for long haul trains.

Short-distance services

Preceding station   China Railway High-speed   Following station
Terminus Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
Short haul service
Terminus
Terminus Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
Short haul service
Terminus
Terminus Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
Short haul service
Terminus
Terminus Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
Short haul service
Terminus

Long-haul services

Preceding station   China Railway High-speed   Following station
Terminus Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
Long haul service
towards 

According to a 2008 study, it is expected that by 2030, train services will increace in frequency.[15][16]

It is expected that by 2016, the West Kowloon Terminus daily number of passengers carried will be about 99,000 passengers.

Transport links[edit]

MTR[edit]

West Kowloon Terminus is located between two MTR stations, Kowloon Station and Austin Station. It is intended to develop into commuter hub as the goal. Passengers can gain transfer through the ground pedestrian area, a number of footbridges and subways to connect with the MTR Kowloon Station and Austin Station. It is expected that a walk from Kowloon Station to West Kowloon Terminus Station will require 8–10 minutes, transfer to/from Austin station needs only 2–3 minutes.

From the West Kowloon Terminus via the MTR to the various regions of Hong Kong :

Public interchange[edit]

In addition, at the northern terminus in West Kowloon will set up a public transport interchange and long-distance coach berthing facilities. Walking from the West Kowloon Terminus to these facilities only takes one minute. Passengers can use different modes of transport to reach for the bus station, minibus station and taxi stand.

Time needed to travel to/from West Kowloon Terminus using road transport :

Nearby Road Network[edit]

Related developments by the Hong Kong government in West Kowloon, expect to improve the efficiency of road and pedestrian access routes, as well as to resolve a problematic traffic intersection in West Kowloon. These road developments hope to meet the transport needs of the entire area of the new development area of West Kowloon Cultural District and West Kowloon Terminus after completion.

Transportation Study identified the following specific road improvement measures:

  • Build a connection from Austin Road West (near Canton Road) to Lin Cheung Road (Jordan Road north) via an underground carriageway, so that pedestrians will have unimpeded access and ergress between West Kowloon Cultural District, West Kowloon Station and Kowloon Terminus;
  • Conduct Austin Road and Canton Road junction improvement works, including considering the widening of the Canton Road carriageway and expansion of existing underground pedestrian tunnel system;
  • Other road improvement projects in West Kowloon will be directly connected to a newly developed area near the West Kowloon Highway, in order to reduce the load on the region's transportation network.

Awards[edit]

In 2010, the West Kowloon Terminus design won "Cityscape Awards for Architecture" in the Emerging Markets of Tourism, Travel & Transport Future Awards.[17] In the same year on November 4, the West Kowloon Terminus design won the "Best Future Project ─ Infrastructure" World Architecture Festival Awards.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Railway Facilities". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link
  3. ^ "West Kowloon Terminus, Hong Kong". AECOM. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Express Rail Link West Kwoloon Terminus Hong Kong". Aedas. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  5. ^ West Kowloon Terminus (WKT)
  6. ^ "Severely damaged TBM to delay Hong Kong XRL". Tunnellingjournal.com. 16 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "High speed rail link project delayed". RTHK. 16 April 2014. 
  8. ^ 廣深港高速鐵路-已批合約
  9. ^ 環境評估報告:廣深港高速鐵路香港段(環境評估報告NOL/ERL/300/C/XRL/ENS/M50/024號文件),2009年7月22日,香港環境保護署
  10. ^ Express Rail Link West Kowloon Terminus Hong Kong 凱達環球
  11. ^ 環境評估報告:廣深港高速鐵路香港段(環境評估報告NOL/ERL/300/C/XRL/ENS/M50/025A號文件),2009年7月22日,香港環境保護署
  12. ^ 環境評估報告:廣深港高速鐵路香港段(環境評估報告NOL/ERL/300/C/XRL/ENS/M50/026A號文件),2009年7月22日,香港環境保護署
  13. ^ 政府當局就西九龍總站介紹提供的文件 2009年11月17日,香港立法會
  14. ^ "Frequency and Capacity". MTR Corporation. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  15. ^ 大珠三角之鐵路發展 第25頁,香港鐵路公司,2008年10月18日
  16. ^ 高鐵班次及載客量 香港鐵路公司
  17. ^ Real Estate Investment, Development and Construction Exhibition - 2010 Winners Cityscape,2010年
  18. ^ West Kowloon Terminus World Buildings Directory

Coordinates: 22°18′13″N 114°09′54″E / 22.30361°N 114.16500°E / 22.30361; 114.16500