20th arrondissement of Paris

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20th arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
City hall of Paris 20e arrondissement.
City hall of Paris 20e arrondissement.
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Frédérique Calandra
Area
 • Total 5.98 km2 (2.31 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 182,952
 • Estimate (2005) 191,800
 • Density 31,000/km2 (79,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).

The 20th arrondissement (also known as "arrondissement de Ménilmontant"), located on the Right Bank, is one of the 20 arrondissements of Paris, France. It contains the cosmopolitan districts of Ménilmontant and Belleville which have welcomed many successive waves of immigration since the middle of the 19th century. Despite this, the arrondissement elected and was represented by the anti-immigration Front National politician Jean-Marie Le Pen, as a municipal councillor from 1983 to 1989. Today, Belleville contains the second largest Chinatown in Paris.

The 20th arrondissement is also internationally known for the Père Lachaise Cemetery where one can find the tombs of many famous composers (such as Frédéric Chopin and Gioacchino Rossini), writers (including Oscar Wilde and Marcel Proust), painters (Camille Pissarro, Jacques-Louis David, and others), and the rock singer Jim Morrison of The Doors.

Geography[edit]

The land area of this arrondissement is 5.984 km2 (2.31 sq. miles, or 1,479 acres).

Demographics[edit]

The population of Paris's 20th arrondissement peaked in 1936, when it had 208,115 inhabitants. Today it remains very dense in population and business activity with 182,952 inhabitants and 54,786 jobs as of the last census, in 1999.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1872 92,772 15,503
1936 (peak of population) 208,115 34,779
1954 200,208 33,457
1962 199,310 33,307
1968 188,921 31,571
1975 175,795 29,378
1982 171,971 28,738
1990 184,478 30,829
1999 182,952 30,574
2009 197,067 32,954

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 20th arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
74.7% 25.3%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.9% 4.0% 3.1% 16.3%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Cityscape[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Important districts[edit]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Directorate-General for External Security (DGSE) has its head office in the arrondissement.[1]

Media[edit]

The humour publication Charlie Hebdo has its head office in the arrondissement.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure (DGSE)". Service-public.fr (French government). Retrieved on 31 January 2014. "141, boulevard Mortier 75020 Paris"
  2. ^ "Contact." Charlie Hebdo. Retrieved on 21 September 2012. "Charlie Hebdo 26, rue Serpollet 75020 PARIS"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′54.22″N 2°23′56.58″E / 48.8650611°N 2.3990500°E / 48.8650611; 2.3990500