16th arrondissement of Paris

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"16th arrondissement" redirects here. For the district of Marseille, see 16th arrondissement of Marseille.
16th arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Claude Goasguen
Area[1]
 • Total 7.85 km2 (3.03 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 161,773
 • Estimate (2005) 149,500
 • Density 21,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 16th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "Arrondissement de Passy") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of Paris, the capital city of France. It includes a concentration of museums between the Place du Trocadéro and the Place d'Iéna.

With its ornate 19th century buildings, large avenues, prestigious schools, museums and various parks, the arrondissement has long been known as one of French high society's favorite places of residence (comparable to New York's Upper East Side or London's Kensington and Chelsea)[2] to such an extent that the phrase "le 16e" (French pronunciation: ​[lə sɛzjɛm]) has been associated with great wealth in French popular culture. Indeed, the 16th arrondissement is France's fourth richest district for average household income, following the 8th, 7th and 6th arrondissements; with the south of the 17th arrondissement and Neuilly-sur-Seine, they form the most affluent and prestigious residential area in France.

The 16th arrondissement hosts several large sporting venues, including: the Parc des Princes, which is the stadium where Paris Saint-Germain football club plays its home matches; Roland Garros Stadium, where the French Open tennis championships are held; and Stade Jean-Bouin, home to the Stade Français rugby union club. The Bois de Boulogne, the second-largest public park in Paris (behind only the Bois de Vincennes), is also located in this arrondissement.

Geography[edit]

The land area of this arrondissement is 16.305 km2 (6.295 sq mi or 4,029 acres), slightly more than half of which consists of the Bois de Boulogne park. Excluding the Bois de Boulogne, its land area is 7.846 km2 (3.029 sq mi or 1,939 acres). It is the largest arrondissement in Paris in terms of land area.

Demographics[edit]

View of Place du Trocadéro
the Place de l'Étoile
Lake "supérieur" in Bois de Boulogne

The 16th arrondissement population peaked in 1962, when it had 227,418 inhabitants. At the last census (1999), the population was 161,773. The 16th arrondissement contains a great deal of business activity; in 1999 it hosted 106,971 jobs.

The 16th arrondissement is commonly thought to be one of the richest parts of Paris (see Auteuil-Neuilly-Passy), and features some of the most expensive real estate in France including the famous Auteuil "villas",[3] heirs to 19th century high society country houses, they are exclusive gated communities with huge houses surrounded by gardens, which is extremely rare in Paris. It is also the only arrondissement in Paris to be divided into two separate postal codes. The southern part of the arrondissement carries a postal code of 75016, while the northern part has the code of 75116.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density[1]
(inh. per km2)
1872 43,332 5,523
1954 214,042 27,280
1962 (peak of population) 227,418 28,985
1968 214,120 27,290
1975 193,590 24,674
1982 179,446 22,871
1990 169,863 21,650
1999 161,773 20,619
2009 169,372 10,347

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 16th arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
74.5% 25.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.6% 5.7% 6.7% 12.5%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Economy[edit]

Four Fortune Global 500 have their head offices in this arrondissement: PSA Peugeot Citroën,[4] Kering,[citation needed] Lafarge,[citation needed] and Veolia.[5] In addition Lagardère and Technip have their headquarters in this arrondissement.[6][7]

At one time Aérospatiale had its head office in the arrondissement.[8][9]

Movie scenes filmed in the 16th arrondissement[edit]

In one of the opening scenes of the 1965 James Bond film Thunderball, character Emilio Largo is seen arriving at F.I.R.C.O. ('The International Brotherhood for the Assistance of Stateless Persons'). This scene was shot on Avenue d'Eylau in the 16th arrondissement. [10]

Marcel Petiot[edit]

A notorious serial murder case, which generated an international media circus, centered in the 16th arrondissement during the Nazi occupation of France during World War II. The focal point of the case was French doctor Marcel Petiot, who in 1941 bought a house at 21 Rue le Sueur in "the heart of Paris's fashionable 16th arrondissement".[11] On 11 March 1944, Petiot's neighbors complained to police of a foul stench in the area and of large amounts of smoke billowing from a chimney of the house. Fearing a chimney fire, the police summoned firemen, who entered the house and found a roaring fire in a coal stove in the basement. In the fire, and scattered in the basement, were human remains.[11] Following an investigation, during which time Petiot attempted to evade capture, "the monster of rue Le Sueur" was ultimately arrested and went on trial on 19 March 1946, facing 135 criminal charges. He was convicted of 26 counts of murder and sentenced to death. On 25 May, Petiot was beheaded, after a stay of several days due to a problem in the release mechanism of the guillotine. [11][12][13]

Education[edit]

General high schools include the Lycée général Janson de Sailly (FR), Lycée général Jean de la Fontaine, and the Lycée général Moliere (FR). General and technological high schools include the Lycée général et technologique Claude Bernard and the Lycée général et technologique Jean-Baptiste Say (FR). Professional high schools include the Lycée professionnel Octave Feuillet and the Lycée professionnel Rene Cassin.[14]

The two campuses of the International School of Paris are in the arrondissement.[15]

The École de langue japonaise de Paris (パリ日本語補習校 Pari Nihongo Hoshūkō), a supplementary Japanese education program, is held at the École Maternelle et Primaire Saint Francois d'Eylau in the 16th arrondissement.[16]

Cityscape[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

View of Palais de Tokyo, a Museum of Contemporary Art (left) and Paris Museum of Modern Art (right)
Viaduc of Passy

Main streets and squares[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Excluding Bois de Boulogne
  2. ^ Deciphering the 16th Arrondissement | WhyGo Paris eyes of an American-born on the exclusive 16th Archived October 24, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ the foremost Auteuil villas are: Villa Montmorency, Hameau Boileau, Villa de la Réunion and Villa Victorien Sardou; all of which are inhabited by some of France's wealthiest and most famous citizens including First Lady Carla Bruni (and President Nicolas Sarkozy) or multibillionaires Vincent Bolloré, Arnaud Lagardère, Dominique Desseigne and Alain Afflelou and famous singers Mylène Farmer and Sylvie Vartan
  4. ^ "Contact." PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved on 7 July 2010. "Head office PSA Peugeot Citroën Paris Grande Armée 75, avenue de la Grande Armée 75116 PARIS" Archived March 28, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Legal Notice." Veolia Environnement. Retrieved on 9 February 2011. "It is published by Veolia Environnement, a corporation with capital of €2,495,631,835 ; Paris Corporate & Trade Register No. 403 210 032, headquartered at 36/38 avenue Kléber, 75016 Paris, France[...]" Archived December 16, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Legal notices." Lagardère. Retrieved on 17 April 2011. "Address : Lagardère Ressources Human Relations and Communication Department 121, av de Malakoff 75216 Paris Cedex 16" Archived February 9, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Access map." Technip. Retrieved on 26 December 2012. "89 avenue de la Grande Armée Paris 16"
  8. ^ Who owns whom: Continental Europe, Volume 1. Dun & Bradstreet., 1990. 555. Retrieved from Google Books on 31 August 2011. "SA NATIONALE INDUSTRIELLE AÉROSPATIALE 372 1 . 3724 SA, 37 Boulevard de Montmorency, F-75016 Paris"
  9. ^ "Offices and facilities." Aérospatiale. Retrieved on 31 August 2011. "HEADQUARTERS PARIS Aerospatiale 37, boulevard de Montmorency - 75781 Paris cedex 16 "
  10. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0059800/locations
  11. ^ a b c King, David (2011). Death in the City of Light (1st ed.). New York: Crown. ISBN 978-0-307-45289-4. 
  12. ^ Durden-Smith, Jo (2004). 100 Most Infamous Criminals. New York: Metrobooks. ISBN 978-0-7607-4849-7. 
  13. ^ Newton, Michael. "Dr. Marcel Petiot". Crime Library. Archived from the original on 2007-01-14. 
  14. ^ "Etablissements parisiens Rechercher un établissement." Académie Paris. Retrieved on 16 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Map and Directions." International School of Paris. Consulté le 3 janvier 2014. "Rue du Ranelagh: Primary School" "96 Bis Rue du Ranelagh 75016 Paris, France" et "Rue Beethoven/Chardin: Secondary School/Administration & Admissions" et "ISP's Secondary School is located in three buildings at 6 and 13 rue Beethoven and 7 rue Chardin." Archived October 30, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "パリ ECOLE DE LANGUE JAPONAISE DE PARIS Ecole Maternelle et Primaire Saint Francois d'Eylau 20 av. Bugeaud 75116 Paris,France"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′49.00″N 2°16′35.36″E / 48.8636111°N 2.2764889°E / 48.8636111; 2.2764889