3rd arrondissement of Paris

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3rd arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
Arts et Métiers (medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs), in the 3rd arrondissement of Paris
Arts et Métiers (medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs), in the 3rd arrondissement of Paris
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Pierre Aidenbaum
Area
 • Total 1.17 km2 (0.45 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 34,248
 • Estimate (2005) 35,100
 • Density 29,000/km2 (76,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 3rd arrondissement of Paris, situated on the right bank of the River Seine, is the smallest in area after the 2nd arrondissement. The arrondissement contains the northern, quieter part of the medieval district of Le Marais (while the 4th arrondissement contains Le Marais' more lively southern part, notably including the gay district of Paris). The oldest surviving private house of Paris, built in 1407, is to be found in the 3rd arrondissement, along the rue de Montmorency.

The ancient Jewish quarter, the Pletzel (פלעצל, little place in Yiddish) which dates from the 13th century begins in the eastern part of the 3rd arrondissement and extends into the 4th. It is home to the Musée d'art et d'histoire du judaïsme and the Agoudas Hakehilos synagogue designed by the architect Guimard. Although trendy boutiques are now taking up many of the storefronts, there are still landmark stores selling traditional Jewish foods.

A small but slowly expanding Chinatown inhabited by immigrants from Wenzhou centers on the rue au Maire, near the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers housed in the medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs.

Geography[edit]

With a land area of 1.171 km2 (0.452 sq.miles, or 289 acres), the 3rd arrondissement is the second smallest arrondissement in the city (after the 2nd arrondissement).

Demography[edit]

The area now occupied by the third arrondissement attained its peak population in the period preceding the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 34,248, while the arrondissement hosted a total of 29,723 jobs.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1861 (peak of population)¹ 99,116 84,642
1872 89,687 76,656
1954 65,312 55,822
1962 62,680 53,527
1968 56,252 48,038
1975 41,706 35,616
1982 36,094 30,823
1990 35,102 29,976
1999 34,248 29,247
2009 35,655 30,474

¹The peak of population actually occurred before 1861, but the
arrondissement was created in 1860, so we do not have figures before 1861.

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 3rd arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
73.4% 26.6%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.8% 4.4% 5.8% 15.6%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Map[edit]

Map of the 3rd arrondissement
the Mairie (town hall) of the 3rd arrondissement
Square du Temple

Places of interest[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′49.75″N 2°21′41.97″E / 48.8638194°N 2.3616583°E / 48.8638194; 2.3616583