Yakuza (series)

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For the first video game in the series, see Yakuza (video game).
Yakuza
Yakuza franchise logo.png
Official logo of the series
Genres Action-adventure
Action role-playing game
Beat 'em up
Open world
Developers Sega
Publishers Sega
Creators Toshihiro Nagoshi
Platforms PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, Wii U, PlayStation 4
First release Yakuza
  • JP December 8, 2005
  • NA September 5, 2006
  • EU September 15, 2006
Latest release Ryū ga Gotoku Ishin!
  • JP February 22, 2014
Official website ryu-ga-gotoku.com

Yakuza, known in Japan as Ryū ga Gotoku (龍が如く?, lit. Like a Dragon), is an action-adventure video game franchise created, owned and published by Sega. The series primarily focus on the yakuza Kazuma Kiryu from the Tojo clan. While Kazuma often assists the Tojo clan, the series has also featured him searching for another way of life in the form of raising orphans. The gameplay of Yakuza has the player controlling Kazuma (or another character depending on the title) in an open world where he can encounter an enemy or perform an activity in the city to obtain experience.

The series originated from Toshihiro Nagoshi's desire to create a new game that would tell the yakuzas' way of life. The series has sold 6 million copies as of August 2013.[1] Strong sales of the games in its original Japanese market has led to the franchise's expansion to other mediums, including film adaptations.

Gameplay[edit]

Gameplay of Yakuza. In this fight Kazuma is wielding a dagger. The top bars shows Kazuma's health and Heat while the bottom's one show the enemy's health. Bottom left displays a map.

In all games the player controls Kazuma Kiryu who is the sole playable character in the first three entries. The game is made of three distinct yet connected modes called Event, Adventure and Battle. The main character randomly encounters foes on his path. The ensuing fight is called Encounter Battle. In fights the player character uses hand to hand combat while weapons can also be wielded. Winning somes of these battles can result in the player winning money which can be used to purchase equipments or healing items. Encounter Battles caused by the story can end quicker by finishing the leader of the enemies. Some of these tend to include quick time events. Across his fights, Kazuma gains experience. This can be used to expand his stats and become a stronger fighter.

The player can also travel across the cities and participate in different events such as the handling of host clubs, fighting tournaments among others. These encounters help Kazuma win experience.

Plot[edit]

The Yakuza series storytelling is inspired by yakuza films, one of the most popular cinema genre in Japan, and was written by crime drama novelist Hase Seishu. It was ported on the screen by director Takashi Miike. The main story is presented in successive chapters much like as in Kinji Fukasaku's classic yakuza movie Sympathy for the Underdog[2] and is completed with a hundred sub-scenarios per game which leads to a large amount of main, secondary and recurring minor characters.

Further information: Like a Dragon: Prologue

During the 1970s three children, Kazuma Kiryu, Akira Nishikiyama (a.k.a. Nishiki) and his younger sister, Yuko Nishikiyama, are raised in Shintaro Kazama (a.k.a. Fuma)'s Sunflower Orphanage. In summer 1980 they are joined by Yumi Sawamura, a young girl who had her parents incidentally shot during a gang shootout. Following a yakuza tradition, the honourable Kazama secretly raises orphans whose parents he has directly or indirectly killed. In return, these children look to him as a father and he eventually introduces the teenagers to the Dojima Family, a Tojo Clan affiliate.

Years later the promising Kazuma Kiryu quickly rises the yakuza hierarchy and earns the nickname "the Dragon of the Dojima Family" for the Dragon irezumi tattoo on his back (hence the original title "Like a Dragon", ryu ga gotoku). His childhood friend Nishikiyama is torn between loyalty for his kyodai (yakuza "brother") and jealousy against the one who has always been Kazama's protégé. Another subject of rivalry between the two friends is their secret love for Yumi who looks at them as her older brothers. 1990, in order to remain close to both of them, she left the orphanage and moved to Tokyo's red-light district Kamurocho, where they found her a job as hostess at Reina's Serena bar. On October 1, 1995, Kazuma Kiryu told his friends he is ready to create his own yakuza Family, only lacks the Chairman of the Dojima Family Sohei Dojima's go ahead. Later that night the latter kidnaps Yumi from Serena, Nishikiyama tries to interfere but Dojima's men hold him. When Nishikiyama eventually reaches Dojima's office, he finds his boss raping Yumi and shoots him dead. Kazuma who was at a meeting with Kazama had been called by Reina and comes shortly after only to find Dojima on the ground, Nishikiyama and Yumi in shock. Then Kazuma takes the responsibility in order to protect Yuko who needs her brother Nishikiyama as she is about to get a last chance operation. Kazuma orders the pair to leave before the police arrives.

Further information: Yakuza (video game) and Like a Dragon

The game follows the story of Kazuma Kiryu (桐生 一馬 Kiryū Kazuma), a former promising yakuza whose released after a ten-year prison sentence for a murder cover-up. The Tojo Clan he was once a member of has had ten billion yen (at $1=100yen, approx. US$100 million) stolen from the Tojo vault, which the entire Japanese underworld is now searching for; forcing him back into their brutal, lawless world. A mysterious young girl will lead Kiryu to the answers if he can keep her alive.

Further information: Yakuza 2

One year ago, Kazuma Kiryu left his post as the Chairmen of the Tojo Clan, Japan's most violent crime syndicate. When an all out war erupts, Kiryu must return and uphold the honor of his former clan with brutal clashes with rival gangs, the police, and the Korean mafia through the back alleys and neon-lit nightclubs of Tokyo and Osaka.

Further information: Yakuza 3

March 2009, Kazuma Kiryu left Kamurocho and now runs the Morning Glory Orphanage in Okinawa where he raises nine children including Haruka Sawamura. Follow Kiryu's story from the beaches of Okinawa to the darkest side of Tokyo as he's pulled back to a post life he thought he had left behind.

Further information: Yakuza 4

March 1, 2010, an incident happens in Kamurocho involving Kazuma Kiryu one more time. First, a man takes a bullet on the turf of the powerful Tojo Clan. Then, a man investigating the murder is stabbed to death. The events spark a full-blown struggle for money, power, and above all, honor, in a story experienced through the eyes of four characters. In an authentic recreation of Tokyo's "Sin City District", four men chose paths over beautiful women and a dead man.

Further information: Ryū ga Gotoku 5

December 2012, the 7th chairman of the Omi Alliance is on his deathbed. With the death of the 7th chairman it would mean that the truce between the Tojo Clan and the Omi Alliance would be broken leading to a war between the clans. In order to prepare, the Tojo Clan is forced to strengthen their organization by aligning themselves with older clans based in other major cities across Japan, in order to create a new organization rivaling that of the Omi Alliance. This new alliance, would breach the old traditional barriers of Clan territories and so Daigo Dojima heads for Fukuoka.

Games[edit]

Promotion at TGS 2010

As of 2010, the Yakuza series includes four main games; the games were released in chronological order, with each new instalment following the events of the previous title.

There are also several spin-off titles. One relates Kazuma Kiryu's supposed ancestor, historic figure Miyamoto Musashi (a.k.a. Kazumanosuke Kiryu) from the 16th and 17th centuries; another follows a zombie invasion of Kamurocho, the primary setting for the series; on the PSP, another series is about a teenage street fighter from Kamurocho that ends up in a fight where he kills a Tojo Clan Yakuza.

On August 31, 2011, two new Yakuza games were announced: Ryū ga Gotoku 5 and a sequel to Kurohyō, Kurohyō 2.[3]

Main series[edit]

Spin-offs[edit]

Ryū ga Gotoku Kenzan![edit]

The success of the main Yakuza series has spurred the creation of a spin-off, Ryū ga Gotoku Kenzan!, which was released in Japan and Asia on March 6, 2008.[4]

Kurohyō: Ryū ga Gotoku Shinshō[edit]

Formerly known under the working title "Project K", Yakuza: Black Panther is a spin-off on PlayStation Portable that was released in Japan on September 22, 2010.[5]

Yakuza: Dead Souls[edit]

Main article: Yakuza: Dead Souls

Of the End involves a zombie outbreak in Kamurocho. This spin-off entry was localised in the West as Yakuza: Dead Souls, and was released in North America in March 2012.

Kurohyō: Ryū ga Gotoku Ashura henu[edit]

Kurohyō 2: Ryū ga Gotoku Asyura hen is a sequel to Kurohyō: Ryū ga Gotoku Shinshō. It was released in Japan on March 22, 2012.

Ryū ga Gotoku Ishin![edit]

Main article: Ryū ga Gotoku Ishin!

Ryū ga Gotoku Ishin! is a spin-off on both PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 released in Japan on February 22, 2014, the launch date for the PlayStation 4 in Japan.[6]

Characters[edit]

Production[edit]

Nagoshi first brought his story for the scenario to Seishu two years before the game started development. Seishu had been a gamer since the days of Space Invaders, but over the past four or five years, he had lost interest, as he is less concerned with 3D visuals and gameplay than he is with story. Yakuza caught his attention, though, and he decided to accept the project even though it came at the busiest point of his professional writing career. Nagoshi wanted players to get enjoyment from merely walking through Kamurocho. Touching upon the game's name, Nagoshi reveals that it was his concoction. The name translates to "Like a Dragon." Nagoshi feels that dragons have a strong image about them, and that when players sample it, they would, as the title suggests, get a feel for the strength and manliness of the main character.[7]

Marketing[edit]

10,000pcs limited PlayStation 3 80GB Ceramic White model "Yakuza 3 Rising Dragon Pack" edition.

The series is known for its expanding video game tie-in and product placement marketing policy. Such strategy allows to support the game's costly production and in the same gives a realistic aspect to the environments which are based on real locations in Tokyo, Osaka and Naha. In promoting the game, Sega hired Takashi Miike. There were no problems in doing this due to a member from the team who was originally from the film industry who worked with Toei Company on V-cinema. Sega went to a lot of companies to try and get brands into the game, like car companies and fashion companies. But because of the nature of the Yakuza game, they were rejected down by most of them. The company Suntory accepted them though. Suntory wanted to sell whiskey, and they felt the game's demographic and the whiskey-drinking demographic mesh nicely.[8]

Voice cast[edit]

A Yakuza 3 Event Mode minor character's face is being modeled in 3D through Softimage XSI 6.5. During 3D scan the actor wore a swim cap because his character wears a police peaked cap.[9]

The game's original voice actors are Japanese celebrities which can be voice actors, singers, tarento, film or TV series actors, radio or television celebrities. Cabaret girls and alike characters have featured models, gravure idols and adult actresses as voice actresses and likenesses. Since the 2008 spin-off, the game series' main characters have their face modeled in 3D after their voice actors. As in the Virtua Fighter series, Western main and minor characters don't speak (and course) in Japanese but rather in English.

The PlayStation 3 installments' realistic character design is based on Cyberware 3D scanner, Softimage XSI 6.5 3D models[9] and Sega's Magical V-Engine.

Localization changes[edit]

When the series was internationalized and localized to fit the western market several changes occurred. These include changing the title of the game (Like a Dragon 龍が如く, ryū ga gotoku became Yakuza) and the names of several characters (Shintaro Kazama is Shintaro Fuma, Akira Nishikiyama is Akira Nishiki, Futoshi Shimano is Futo Shimano, Sai no Hanaya is Kage).

Yakuza 4 adjusted several of these localisation changes, following criticism of the previous games, and in particular the content excised from the Western release of Yakuza 3. Producer Noguchi noted that there was an attempt to "bring a more complete localization that was more faithful to the source material". This included reversing several name changes. In addition, some conventions were changed; in previous Western localisations, protagonist Kazuma Kiryu had been referred to primarily by his first name. In Yakuza 4, he is referred to primarily by his surname, Kiryu, which more closely reflects the original dialogue.[10]

Music[edit]

The three Yakuza original soundtrack albums are composed by Hidenori Shoji, Hideki Sakamoto et alii and are published by Wave Master. Additional soundtrack features songs from Japanese artists Crazy Ken Band, Zeebra, Ketsumeishi and Eikichi Yazawa.

Adaptations[edit]

The Yakuza franchise includes various types of merchandise and adaptations outside of the video games. Currently, this includes a direct-to-video movie, a feature film, original soundtracks, official guides, Kamutai Magazines (pre-order campaign limited book) and other licensed products such as Cropped Heads long tee shirts and parkas based on main characters tattoos,[11] limited edition PlayStation 3 console packs,[12][13] Kubrick toys[14] and action figures manufactured by Maitan.[15]

Books[edit]

With the original game in 2005, Sega created a pre-order campaign limited item called Kamutai Magazine (カムタイマガジン). This color book was a monography dedicated to the game with Mai, a sub-scenario female character, as the cover girl. This character's physical aspect was inspired by its voice actor, Mihiro, a Japanese adult video idol acting in porno films. Since then, each new game release coincides with a new Kamutai Magazine issue featuring a voice actress as cover girl. Hence this December 2005 issue was followed by a December 2006 issue (cover girl is Japanese porn star Nana Natsume), a March 2008 issue (cover girl is Taiwanese porn star Yinling of Joytoy) and a February 2009 issue (cover girls are Shizuka Mutou, Sayaka Araki & Rina Sakurai). The fifth issue was bundled with Ryu Ga Gotoku 4 and released in March 2010.

Original video[edit]

Takeshi Miyasaka directed an original video during the promotion period for the western release of the game which depicted Kazuma, Nishiki and Yumi growing up at the Sunflower Orphanage and then leaving for Tokyo. This short film called Like a Dragon: Prologue (龍が如く 〜序章〜, ryu ga gotoku -joshou-) serve as a prequel and set up the events which take place in the game.

Feature film[edit]

Main article: Like a Dragon

A film adaptation was released in Japanese theaters on March 2, 2007, called Like a Dragon: movie version (龍が如く 劇場版, ryu ga gotoku: gekijoban). It was based on the first installment of the game and is directed by Takashi Miike. The movie was premiered in the USA on June 23, at IFC theater.[16]

American distributor Tokyo Shock, a Media Blasters affiliate, has released a licensed DVD on February 23, 2010.[17] The original release date was actually March 2010 in order to coincide with the North American localization of Yakuza 3.

Radio dramas[edit]

Since September 2008, Japanese voice actors from the Yakuza series, including Takaya Kuroda (Kazuma Kiryu) and Hidenari Ugaki (Goro Majima), are running a radio drama which is known as Ryu Ga Gotoku Presents Kamuro-cho Radio Station (龍が如くPresents神室町RADIOSTATION). The second season Shin Kamuro-cho Radio Station (新・神室町RADIOSTATION), which covers 2009~2010, is currently ongoing with back number episodes available for download as podcasts.[18] Past episodes from the 2008~2009 season, Kamuro-cho Radio Station (神室町RADIOSTATION), are also available as archived podcasts.[19]

Web TV[edit]

The Kamurocho Caba Jou TV (神室町キャバ嬢 T V) is a Japanese web television dedicated to the series's cabaret girls. Main contents are audition and girls profile but it can also be related to other aspect of the game series; for example volume 15 focuses on its soundtrack artists. All shows, called "volumes", are archived within the web TV's official website.[20]

Reception[edit]

Aggregate review scores
Game Metacritic Game Rankings Famitsu
Yakuza
75 of 100[21]
77.21%[22]
37/40[23]
Yakuza 2
77 of 100[24]
78.41%[25]
38/40[26]
Ryū ga Gotoku Kenzan!
n/a[27]
n/a[28]
37/40[29]
Yakuza 3
83 of 100[30]
84%[31]
38/40[32]
Yakuza 4
78 of 100[33]
79.58%[34]
38/40[35]
Yakuza: Dead Souls
63 of 100[36]
63.86%[37]
37/40[38]
Ryū ga Gotoku 5
n/a
n/a
40/40[39]
Ryū ga Gotoku Ishin!
n/a
n/a
38/40[40]

The series sold 3.2 million games worldwide as of 2009[41] and 4 million copies as of September 2010;[42] the best sellers being the first two games which sold between 500,000 – 1 million worldwide, each winning the PlayStation Gold Award.[43] Yakuza 3 sold 500,000 copies in the Asian markets as of 2010, also winning SCEJ's PlayStation Gold Award.[41] However, after Yakuza 4, Sega said that sales were slow in North America and Europe due to "the adverse market condition," noting "sluggish personal consumption" in those regions.[44]

The original game was heavily acclaimed in Japan for combining innovative game play with cinema like story telling and character development on the back of Japan's criminal underground.[45] Weekly Famitsu gave high scores to the series, Yakuza scored 37/40 (92.5/100),[46] Yakuza 2 scored 38/40 (95/100),[47] Yakuza Kenzan! scored 37/40 (92,5/100),[47] Yakuza 3 scored 38/40 (95/100)[47] and Yakuza 4 scored 38/40 (95/100).[48]

Each installment earned an excellence award at the Japan Game Awards and had a PlayStation the Best re-release in both Japanese, Asian and Korean markets.[49] The Japanese entertainment industry gave Yakuza 3 the "Award for Excellence" in the 2009 Japan Game Awards "Games of the Year Division" for its "dramatic story development, freedom of the story and the graphics elaborated up to the details of the work. In addition, amusement found in every portion of the game including the vast number of sub-stories and mini games. This work was awarded the prize for the high quality of entertainment."[50] In 2010, the Japan Game Awards once again gave a Yakuza series game the "Award for Excellence". [Yakuza 4 won due to "a rich story with a high degree of freedom that is developed from the different perspectives of the 4 characters. There are also many play spots that boast several sub-stories and mini games. The astounding quality and volume provide a high level of entertainment and was the reason for granting this award".[51]

The western localized versions were released between one and two years after the originals and received generally favorable reviews.[52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.famitsu.com/news/201308/19038526.html
  2. ^ Sympathy for the Underdog opening[dead link]
  3. ^ "Ryū ga Gotoku 5 and Kurohyō 2 Announcement Coverage" (in Japanese). 4Gamer.net. 2011-08-31. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Ryu ga Gotoku 3 [Yakuza 3]". Sega. Retrieved September 14, 2007. 
  5. ^ http://www.andriasang.com/e/blog/2010/06/30/ps3_yakuza_game/
  6. ^ Brian Ashcraft (September 9, 2013). "Yakuza: Ishin Is a PS4 Launch Title in Japan". Kotaku. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Ryu Ga Gotoku Update". IGN. September 11, 2005. Retrieved May 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ Gifford, Kevin (October 9, 2008). "A Heart-To-Heart With Yakuza's Development Team". 1UP.com. p. 3. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Hewlett-Packard Japan (2009). "HP Workstation 導入事例紹介株式会社セガ 「龍が如く3」". Hewlett-Packard. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  10. ^ "Yakuza 4 Producer on Re-Localising the Series". Joystiq. 2011-03-13. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  11. ^ 【龍が如く】ロンT-sh 桐生一馬モデル[dead link]
  12. ^ "『龍が如く 見参!』と新色サテン・シルバーのプレイステーション3本体を同梱した特別パックが発売". Famitsu.com. 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  13. ^ "限定10000台! 『龍が如く3』"昇り龍パック"のデザインが決定". Famitsu.com. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  14. ^ "龍が如くキューブリック 劇場版デラックスBOX". Medicomtoy.blog106.fc2.com. 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  15. ^ "Dengeki PlayStation Online, こだわり仕様で登場する究極の"漢"フィギュア「龍が如く 桐生 一馬」5月発売!!, 2008.04.22". Dps.dengeki.com. 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  16. ^ Michael McWhertor. "Ryu Ga Gotoku Movie Screening In New York". Kotaku. 
  17. ^ America, Sega Of. "Like A Dragon (2007)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  18. ^ "新・神室町RADIOSTATION, official website". Ryu-ga-gotoku.com. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  19. ^ "神室町RADIOSTATION archives". Ryu-ga-gotoku.com. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  20. ^ "Kamurocho Caba Jou TV official website". Ryu-ga-gotoku.com. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
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  22. ^ "Yakuza – PS2". Game Rankings. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  23. ^ "Yakuza". Famitsu. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  24. ^ "Yakuza 2". Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  25. ^ "Yakuza 2 – PS2". Game Rankings. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  26. ^ "Yakuza 2". Famitsu. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  27. ^ "Yakuza Kenzan! Reviews". Metacritic. 
  28. ^ "Ryu ga Gotoku Kenzan! – PS3". Game Rankings. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  29. ^ "Yakuza Kenzan! Reviews". Famitsu. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  30. ^ "Yakuza 3". Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  31. ^ "Yakuza 3 – PS3". Game Rankings. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  32. ^ "Yakuza 3". Famitsu. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  33. ^ "Yakuza 4". Metacritic. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  34. ^ "Yakuza 4 – PS3". Game Rankings. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  35. ^ "Yakuza 4". Famitsu. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  36. ^ "Yakuza: Dead Souls Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  37. ^ "Yakuza: Dead Souls". Game Rankings. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  38. ^ "Yakuza: Dead Souls". Famitsu. 
  39. ^ Sal Romano (2012-03-13). "Famitsu Review Scores: Issue 1251". Gematsu. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  40. ^ Romano, Sal (2014-02-12). "Famitsu Review Scores: Issue 1315". Gematsu. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  41. ^ a b Sega (2009-03-19). "『龍が如く3』国内出荷50万本突破!". Ryu Ga Gotoku portal site. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  42. ^ "Amusement Machine Sales Business Segment: Second Quarter Review". Segment Information. Sega Sammy Holdings. September 2010. p. 7. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  43. ^ 仗桐安. "SCEJ Announces PlayStation Awards 2007 Winners News". TVG website. 
  44. ^ "Sega Earnings Suffer". Joystiq. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  45. ^ "Official Yakuza website". Sega. Archived from the original on August 22, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2006. 
  46. ^ "Inside Famitsu: Rogue Galaxy and More – Edge Magazine". Next-gen.biz. 2004-11-29. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  47. ^ a b c "Yakuza 3 wows Famitsu, Posted on February 17, 2009 by Nick". Ps3center.net. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  48. ^ Sal Romano (2010-09-13). "Yakuza 4 scores 38/40 in Famitsu". Gematsu. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  49. ^ "Official Yakuza website (Japan)- History & Story". Sega. Retrieved December 26, 2009. 
  50. ^ "SCEJ,日本国内でヒットしたタイトルを表彰する「PlayStation Awards 2009」を開催". Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  51. ^ "Awarded Games: Games of the Year Division". Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  52. ^ Metacritic

External links[edit]