Yasodharā

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To be distinguished from Yasoda.
Buddha with Yashodhara and Rahula (left bottom), Ajanta.

Yasodharā (Japanese: 耶輸陀羅 "Yashodara") was the wife of Siddhārtha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. She later entered the order of Buddhist nuns and is considered an Arahant.

Life[edit]

The wedding celebrations of Yasodhara and Siddhattha, depicted in Burmese fashion

Yasodhara was the daughter of King Suppabuddha,[1][2] and Pamitā, sister of the Buddha's father, King Suddhodana.She was born on same day in the month of "Vaishaka" as Prince Siddaratha. Her father was a Koliya [3] chief and her mother came from a Shakya family. The Shakya and the Koliya were branches of the Ādicca or Ikśvāku clan of the solar dynasty. There were no other families considered equal to them in the region and therefore members of these two royal families married only among themselves.[4]

She was wedded to her cousin, the Shakya prince Siddhartha, in his 16th year when she was also 16 years of age. At the age of 29, she gave birth to their only child, a boy named Rāhula. On the day of his birth, the Prince left the palace. Yasodharā was devastated and overcome with grief. Hearing that her husband was leading a holy life, she emulated him by removing her jewellery, wearing a plain yellow robe and eating only one meal a day.[5] Although relatives sent her messages to say that they would maintain her, she did not take up those offers. Several princes sought her hand but she rejected the proposals. Throughout his six year absence, Princess Yasodharā followed the news of his actions closely.

When the Lord Buddha visited Kapilavatthu after enlightenment, Yasodharā did not go to see her former husband but ask Rahula to go to Buddha to seek inheritance. For herself, she thought: "Surely if I have gained any virtue at all the Lord will come to my presence."According to fulfill her wish Lord Buddha came to her presence and admired her patience and sacrifice will helped him to fulfill his wishes not in this birth but also in previous birth, by quoting Chandrakinnara Jathakaya.

Some time after her son Rāhula became a novice monk, Yasodharā also entered the Order of Monks and Nuns and within time attained Arahantship. She was ordained as Bhikkhuni included among the five hundred ladies following Mahapajapati Gotami to establish Bhikkhuni Order. She died at 78,[6] two years before Buddha's Parinibbāna.[citation needed]

Legends[edit]

In many legends of the Buddha's life,[7] Yashodharā meets Siddhārtha Gautama for the first time in a previous life, when as the young brahmin Sumedha, he is formally identified as a future Buddha by the then current Buddha, Dipankara.

Waiting in the city of Paduma for Dipankara, he tries to buy flowers as an offering to the Enlightened One, but soon learns that the king already bought all the flowers for his own offering. Yet, as Dipankara is approaching, Sumedha spots a girl named Sumidha (or Bhadra) holding eight lotuses in her hands. He speaks to her with the intention of buying one of her flowers, but she recognises at once his potential and offers him five of the lotuses if he would promise that they would become husband and wife in all their next existences.

In the thirteenth chapter of the Mahayana Lotus Sutra,[8] Yasodhara receives a prediction from Sakyamuni Buddha; Mahapajapati, too.

Names[edit]

The meaning of the name Yasodhara (Sanskrit) [from yasas "glory, splendor" + dhara "bearing" from the verbal root dhri "to bear, support"] is Bearer of glory. The names she has been called besides Yashodhara are: Yashodhara Theri (doyenne Yashodhara), Bimbadevi, Bhaddakaccana and Rahulamata (mother of Rahula).[9] In the Pali Canon, the name Yasodharā is not found; there are two references to Bhaddakaccānā.[10]

Theosophic interpretation[edit]

Theosophist Subba Row states that the name stands for one of three mystical powers (cf utpala-varna).[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IX:12 King Suppabuddha blocks the Lord Buddha's path". Members.tripod.com. 2000-08-13. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  2. ^ "Dhammapada Verse 128 Suppabuddhasakya Vatthu". Tipitaka.net. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  3. ^ "Koliyā". Palikanon.com. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  4. ^ Why was the Sakyan Republic Destroyed? by S. N. Goenka (Translation and adaptation of a Hindi article by S. N. Goenka published by the Vipassana Research Institute in December 2003, archived)
  5. ^ "The Compassionate Buddha". Geocities.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-21. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  6. ^ The Lord Buddha and His Teachings
  7. ^ Fu-pen-hing-tsi-king Miscellaneous Notices respecting the Birth and History of Buddha translated by Djinakûta, native of Gandhâra in the time of the Sui dynasty (581-617 A.D.)
  8. ^ Lotus sutra including chapter thirteen Translated by The Buddhist Text Translation Society in USA)
  9. ^ French text: Yashodhara (glorieuse) est la cousine et l’épouse principale de Gautama, mère de son fils Rahula. Connue par les Jatakas (légendes de la vie du Bouddha), elle serait devenue du vivant de Gautama une ascète, une nonne prééminente et l’un des quatre arahants de son entourage possédant l’intuition absolue 1. Les détails de sa légende sont de nos jours surtout populaires dans le bouddhisme theravada. Elle est également nommée Yashodhara Theri (doyenne Yashodhara), Bimbadevi, Bhaddakaccana ou Rahulamata (mère de Rahula).
  10. ^ AN 1. 14. 5. 11 states: "Etadaggaṃ bhikkhave mama sāvikānaṃ bhikkhunīnaṃ mahābhiññappattānaṃ yadidaṃ bhaddakaccānā" (SLTP). Bv, PTS p. 65, v. 15 states: "Cattārīsa sahassāni nāriyo samalaṅkatā / Bhaddakaccānā2 nāma nārī rāhulo nāma atrajo" (SLTP).
  11. ^ "see Rakefet Dictionary". Babylon.com. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  • The Buddha and His Teaching, Nārada, Buddhist Missionary Society, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1988, ISBN 967-9920-44-5

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]