In Afrikaans, Catalan, Dutch, French, Galician, Welsh, Southern Sami, and occasionally English, 〈ï〉 is used when 〈i〉 follows another vowel and indicates hiatus (diaeresis) in the pronunciation of such a word—that is, it indicates that the two vowels are pronounced in separate syllables, rather than together as a diphthong or digraph. For example, French maïs (IPA: [ma.is], maize); without the diaeresis, the 〈i〉 is part of the digraph 〈ai〉: mais (IPA: [mɛ], but). The letter is also in Dutch Oekraïne (pronounced [ukraːˈinə], Ukraine), and English naïve (// or //).
In scholarly writing on Turkic languages, 〈ï〉 is sometimes used to write the close back unrounded vowel /ɯ/, which in standard modern Turkish orthography is written as the dotless i 〈ı〉. The back neutral vowel reconstructed in Proto-Mongolic is sometimes written 〈ï〉.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS||LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS|
|UTF-8||195 143||C3 8F||195 175||C3 AF|
|Numeric character reference||Ï||Ï||ï||ï|
|Named character reference||Ï||ï|
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