List of Latin-script letters

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This is a list of letters of the Latin script.

Basic alphabet[edit]

Original Latin alphabet of the Roman Kingdom
A B C D E F H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X
Latin alphabet of the Roman Empire
A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X Y Z
ISO basic Latin alphabet[1]
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Extensions[edit]

Letter Name Notes
Small capital A Nonstandard phonetic symbol; Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ɐ ɐ Turned A Near-open central vowel
Ɑ ɑ Alpha (Script A) Open back unrounded vowel. cf. Greek: Α α
Ɒ ɒ Turned alpha (Turned script A) Open back rounded vowel
ʙ Small capital B Bilabial trill; partially devoiced bilabial stop in UPA
Small capital barred B Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Small capital C Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ↄ ↄ Reversed C Claudian letters
Ð ð Eth Voiced dental fricative; Icelandic, Elfdalian and Faroese, Old English (not pronounced in Faroese)
Ꝺ ꝺ Insular D  
Small capital D Partially devoiced alveolar stop in UPA
Small capital Eth Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Dum  
Delta cf. Greek: Δ δ
Small capital E Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ǝ ǝ Turned E Pan-Nigerian alphabet
Small capital turned E UPA
Ə ə Schwa Mid-central vowel; Azerbaijani letter. It was used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986. cf. Cyrillic: Ә ә
Ɛ ɛ Open E (Epsilon) Open-mid front unrounded vowel. cf. Greek: Ε ε
ɘ Reversed E Close-mid central unrounded vowel
ɜ Reversed open E (Reversed Epsilon) Open-mid central unrounded vowel
ɞ Closed reversed open E (Closed reversed Epsilon) Open-mid central rounded vowel
ʚ Closed open E (Closed Epsilon) A misprinted symbol for open-mid central rounded vowel
ɤ Rams horn (Baby Gamma) Close-mid back unrounded vowel
Ꝼ ꝼ Insular F  
Small capital F Medievalist addition
Ⅎ ⅎ Turned F Claudian letters
Epigraphic letter reversed F  
Ᵹ ᵹ Insular G  
ɡ Script G Voiced velar stop
ɢ Small capital G Voiced uvular stop; partially devoiced velar stop in UPA
Turned G letter for translating the Georgian letter
Ꝿ ꝿ Turned insular G  
Ɣ ɣ Gamma Voiced velar fricative. cf. Greek: Γγ
Ƣ ƣ Gha Jaꞑalif letter for Tatar, Azerbaijani letter
ʜ Small capital H Voiceless epiglottal fricative
Ƕ ƕ Hwair Gothic
Ⱶ ⱶ Heta Claudian letters. cf. Greek: Ⱶⱶ
Ꜧ ꜧ Heng  
ı Dotless I Turkish, Azerbaijani
ɪ Small capital I Near-close near-front unrounded vowel
Epigraphic letter I Longa Latin long i /iː/ in epigraphic style
Sideways I Epigraphic variant of I used in early medieval Celtic inscriptions
Turned i Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Small capital I with stroke English near-close central unrounded vowel, or schwa (Oxford University Press dictionary convention)
Ɩ ɩ Iota cf. Greek: Ɩ ɩ
ȷ Dotless J  
Small capital J Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Small capital K Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ʞ Turned K Proposed symbol for velar click. Withdrawn 1970 as articulation judged impossible
ʟ Small capital L Velar lateral approximant; voiced alveolar lateral in UPA
Ꝇ ꝇ Broken L Medieval Nordic consonant /lː/[3]
Small capital L with stroke Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Lum  
ɮ Lezh Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
Ꞁ ꞁ Turned L  
ʎ Reversed Lambda Palatal lateral approximant
Small capital M Voiceless bilabial nasal in UPA
Epigraphic letter inverted M  
Epigraphic letter archaic M  
Mum  
ɴ Small capital N Uvular nasal; voiceless alveolar nasal in UPA
И и Reversed N Voiceless velar nasal in UPA. cf. Cyrillic: И и
Num  
Ŋ ŋ Eng Northern and Skolt, Velar nasal It was used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986.
Small capital O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Sideways O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ɶ Small capital OE Open front rounded vowel
Ɔ ɔ Open O Open-mid back rounded vowel
Small capital open O
Sideways open O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Top half O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Bottom half O Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ɵ ɵ Barred O Close-mid central rounded vowel. cf. Cyrillic: Ө ө
ɷ Closed omega Rejected symbol for near-close near-back rounded vowel
Ȣ ȣ Ou A ligature of Latin o and u
Small capital Ou A back vowel of uncertain quality in UPA
Small capital P Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Epigraphic letter reversed P  
ɸ Phi Voiceless bilabial fricative. cf. Greek: Φ φ
Tailless phi UPA
ĸ Kra Nunatsiavummiut dialect of Inuktitut in Canada, formerly Kalaallisut language of Greenland. cf. Greek: Κ κ
Ꞃ ꞃ Insular R  
Ʀ ʀ Yr Uvular trill
Ꝛ ꝛ R rotunda  
Я я Ya Nonstandard symbol for epiglottal trill. cf. Cyrillic: Я я
ɹ Turned R Alveolar approximant
Turned Yr Obsolete symbol for voiceless uvular fricative
ʁ Turned Ya Voiced uvular fricative
Rum  
Small capital rum Medievalist addition
Ꝝ ꝝ Rum rotunda  
ſ Long S  
Ꞅ ꞅ Insular S  
Ƨ ƨ Reversed S (=Tone two) A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its second tone
Small capital S Medievalist addition
Ʃ ʃ Esh Voiceless postalveolar fricative. cf. Greek: Σ σ,ς
ƪ Reversed Esh loop labialized voiceless postalveolar fricative; IPA: [ʃʷ]
ʅ Squat reversed Esh apical retroflex unrounded vowel; IPA: [ʐ̩]
Ꞇ ꞇ Insular T  
Small capital T Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Tum  
ʇ Turned T Former IPA representation for tenuis dental click
Small capital U Former IPA representation for Near-close near-back vowel
Sideways U Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Sideways diaeresized U Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ɥ Turned H Labial-palatal approximant; Dan / Gio orthography in Liberia
Ɯ ɯ Sha Close back unrounded vowel; A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986. cf. Cyrillic:Ш ш
Small capital turned M  
Sideways turned M Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ʊ ʊ Upsilon cf. Greek: Υ υ
Small capital V Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ỽ ỽ Middle-Welsh V Medieval Welsh[3]
Ʌ ʌ Turned V Open-mid back unrounded vowel
Small capital W Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
ʍ Turned W Voiceless labio-velar approximant
ʏ Small capital Y Near-close near-front rounded vowel
ƍ Turned delta obsolete and nonstandard symbol for Labialized voiced alveolo-dental fricative; IPA: [ðʷ, zʷ]
Small capital Z Partially devoiced alveolar fricative in UPA
Ꝣ ꝣ Visigothic Z Medieval Ibero-Romance
Ʒ ʒ Ezh Voiced postalveolar fricative; Skolt Sámi
Small capital Ezh Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ƹ ƹ Ezh reversed  
Ȝ ȝ Yogh Middle English
Þ þ Thorn Old English, Icelandic
Ƿ ƿ Wynn Old English
Ꝩ ꝩ Vend Medieval Nordic phoneme /v/ or /u/
Ꝫ ꝫ Et  
Ꝭ ꝭ Is  
Ꝯ ꝯ Con  
Um  
Ꜫ ꜫ Tresillo Mayan ejective uvular stop /qʼ/
Ꜭ ꜭ Cuatrillo Mayan ejective velar stop /kʼ/
Ꜯ ꜯ Cuatrillo with comma Mayan ejective alveolar affricate /tsʼ/
Ƽ ƽ Tone five A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its fifth tone
Ƅ ƅ Tone six A letter used in the Zhuang language from 1957 to 1986 to indicate its sixth tone
Ɂ ɂ Glottal stop A letter for glottal stop in Canadian aboriginal orthographies, IPA for glottal stop
Ꜣ ꜣ Egyptological Alef  
Ꞌ ꞌ Saltillo Glottal stop in some orthographies in Mexico and Nigeria
Middle dot Letter representing glotal stop in the sinological tradition
ʕ Reversed glottal stop Voiced pharyngeal fricative
Voiced laryngeal spirant Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ain Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[2]
Ꜥ ꜥ Egyptological Ain  
ʖ Inverted glottal stop  
ǀ Dental Clicks Dental clicks;
ǁ Lateral Clicks Lateral clicks;
ǃ Alveolar Clicks Alveolar clicks;
ǂ Palatal Clicks Palatal clicks;
ʗ Stretched C  
ʘ Bilabial Clicks (Bullseye) Bilabial clicks;
ʬ Bilabial percussive  
ʭ Bidental percussive  

Letters with diacritics[edit]

Letters with diacritics.

Letter Name Notes
Á á A with acute Arin, Blackfoot, Czech, Dii, Dutch, Faroese, Galician, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish, Lakota, Navajo, Occitan, Pana, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Sámi, Scottish Gaelic, Slovak, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Welsh
À à A with grave Catalan, Dii, French, Galician, Italian, Mundani, Pinyin transliteration, Portuguese, Scottish Gaelic, Taos, Vietnamese, and Welsh
Ă ă A with breve Romanian, Vietnamese; cf. Cyrillic: Ӑ ӑ
Ắ ắ A with breve and acute Vietnamese
Ằ ằ A with breve and grave Vietnamese
Ẵ ẵ A with breve and tilde Vietnamese
Ẳ ẳ A with breve and hook above Vietnamese
A̧ a̧ A with cedilla General Alphabet of Cameroon Languages: Dii, Mundani, and Pana
Á̧ á̧ A with acute and cedilla Dii, Pana
À̧ à̧ A with grave and cedilla Dii, Mundani
Â̧ â̧ A with circumflex and cedilla Pana
Ǎ̧ ǎ̧ A with caron and cedilla Mundani
 â A with circumflex Berber, French, Friulian, Frisian, Pana, Portuguese, Romanian, Turkish, Vietnamese, Walloon, and Welsh
Ấ ấ A with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ầ ầ A with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ẫ ẫ A with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ẩ ẩ A with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
A̭ a̭ A with circumflex below Juǀʼhoansi
Ǎ ǎ A with caron  
A̐ a̐ A with chandrabindu ALA-LC
A̓ a̓ A with comma above Heiltsuk
A̋ a̋ A with double acute ISO 9, Taiwanese Romanization System
Å å A with ring above Chamorro, Danish, Istro-Romanian, Norwegian, Swedish, and Walloon
Ǻ ǻ A with ring above and acute  
Å̂ å̂ A with ring above and circumflex
Ä ä A with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots; cf. Cyrillic: Ӓ ӓ
Ä́ ä́ A with diaeresis and acute Tutchone
Ä̀ ä̀ A with diaeresis and grave Tutchone, Hän
Ä̂ ä̂ A with diaeresis and circumflex Hän
Ä̌ ä̌ A with diaeresis and caron Hän
Ä̃ ä̃ A with diaeresis and tilde
Ǟ ǟ A with diaeresis and macron Livonian
à ã A with tilde Aromanian, Guaraní, Kashubian, Portuguese, Vietnamese
Ã́ ã́ A with tilde and acute Bribri, Tee, Tucano, Yurutí
Ã̀ ã̀ A with tilde and grave Bribri, Gokana, and Tee
Ã̂ ã̂ A with tilde and circumflex
Ã̌ ã̌ A with tilde and caron
Ã̍ ã̍ A with tilde and vertical line
A̰ a̰ A with tilde below Ngambay, Zarma
Á̰ á̰ A with tilde below and acute
Ä̰ ä̰ A with tilde below and diaeresis
Ä̰́ ä̰́ A with tilde below, diaeresis, and acute
Ȧ ȧ A with dot above Livonian
Ȧ́ ȧ́ A with dot above and acute
Ǡ ǡ A with dot above and macron  
Ą ą A with ogonek Chiricahua, Creek, Elfdalian, Gwich'in, Hocąk, Kashubian, Lithuanian, Mescalero, Navajo, Tutchone, and Western Apache
Ą́ ą́ A with acute and ogonek
Ą̀ ą̀ A with grave and ogonek
Ą̂ ą̂ A with circumflex and ogonek
Ą̌ ą̌ A with caron and ogonek
Ą̄ ą̄ A with macron and ogonek
Ą̄́ ą̄́ A with macron, acute and ogonek
Ą̄̀ ą̄̀ A with macron, grave and ogonek
Ą̄̂ ą̄̂ A with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ą̄̌ ą̄̌ A with macron, caron and ogonek
Ā̊ ā̊ A with macron and ring above Avestan transliteration
Ą̊ ą̊ A with ring above and ogonek Elfdalian
Ą̃ ą̃ A with tilde and ogonek
Ą̈ ą̈ A with diaeresis and ogonek Hän, Southern Tuchone
Ą̈̀ ą̈̀ A with diaeresis, grave and ogonek
Ą̈́ ą̈́ A with diaeresis, acute and ogonek
Ą̈̂ ą̈̂ A with diaeresis, circumflex and ogonek
Ą̈̌ ą̈̌ A with diaeresis, caron and ogonek
Ą̈̄ ą̈̄ A with diaeresis, macron and ogonek
Ą̋ ą̋ A with double acute and ogonek
Ą̱ ą̱ A with ogonek and macron below
Ą̱̀ ą̱̀ A with ogonek, macron below and grave
Ą̱̀ ą̱̀ A with ogonek, macron below and acute
A᷎ a᷎ A with ogonek above
Ā ā A with macron Latvian, Lithuanian, Māori, and Samogitian
Ā́ ā́ A with macron and acute Kaska
Ā̀ ā̀ A with macron and grave Kaska
Ā̂ ā̂ A with macron and circumflex Kaska
Ā̌ ā̌ A with macron and caron Kaska
Ā̃ ā̃ A with macron and tilde Kaska
Ā̄ ā̄ A with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ā̆ ā̆ A with macron and breve
A̱ a̱ A with macron below Nuer
Á̱ á̱ A with macron below and acute
À̱ à̱ A with macron below and grave
Â̱ â̱ A with macron below and circumflex
Ǎ̱ ǎ̱ A with macron below and caron
Ä̱ ä̱ A with macron below and diaeresis
Ä̱̀ ä̱̀ A with macron below, diaeresis and grave
Ä̱́ ä̱́ A with macron below, diaeresis and acute
Ä̱̂ ä̱̂ A with macron below, diaeresis and circumflex
Ä̱̌ ä̱̌ A with macron below, diaeresis and caron
Ā̱ ā̱ A with macron below and macron
Ā̱̀ ā̱̀ A with macron below, macron, and grave
Ā̱́ ā̱́ A with macron below, macron, and acute
Ā̱̂ ā̱̂ A with macron below, macron, and circumflex
Ã̱ ã̱ A with macron below and tilde
Å̱ å̱ A with macron below and ring above
Ả ả A with hook above Vietnamese
Ȁ ȁ A with double grave  
Ȃ ȃ A with inverted breve  
Ạ ạ A with dot below Vietnamese
Ạ́ ạ́ A with acute and dot below
Ạ̀ ạ̀ A with grave and dot below
Ặ ặ A with breve and dot below Vietnamese
Ậ ậ A with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ạ̌ ạ̌ A with caron and dot below
Ạ̄ ạ̄ A with macron and dot below
Ạ̈ ạ̈ A with diaeresis and dot below ISO 9
Ạ̈̀ ạ̈̀ A with diaeresis and grave and dot below
Ạ̈́ ạ̈́ A with diaeresis and acute and dot below
Ạ̈̂ ạ̈̂ A with diaeresis and circumflex and dot below
Ạ̈̌ ạ̈̌ A with diaeresis and caron and dot below
Ạ̃ ạ̃ A with tilde and dot below
Ạ̍ ạ̍ A with vertical line and dot below
A̤ a̤ A with diaeresis below
À̤ à̤ A with diaeresis below and grave
Á̤ á̤ A with diaeresis below and acute
Â̤ â̤ A with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ä̤ ä̤ A with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ḁ ḁ A with ring below  
Ḁ̈ ḁ̈ A with ring below and diaeresis  
A̯ a̯ A with inverted breve below  
Ⱥ ⱥ A with stroke Saanich
Ⱥ̀ ⱥ̀ A with stroke and grave
Ⱥ́ ⱥ́ A with stroke and acute
A̍ a̍ A with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliteraons of Chinese dialects.
A with retroflex hook  
Ɑ́ ɑ́ Alpha with acute Tigon
Ɑ̀ ɑ̀ Alpha with grave Medumba
Ɑ̂ ɑ̂ Alpha with circumflex Medumba, Tigon
Ɑ̌ ɑ̌ Alpha with caron Medumba
Ɑ̃ ɑ̃ Alpha with tilde
Ɑ̈ ɑ̈ Alpha with diaeresis
Ɑ̊ ɑ̊ Alpha with ring above
Ɑ̄ ɑ̄ Alpha with macron
Ɑ̆ ɑ̆ Alpha with breve
Ɑ̇ ɑ̇ Alpha with dot above
Alpha with retroflex hook  
B́ b́ B with acute Võro; previously used in Sorbian
B̓ b̓ B with comma above Ditidaht, Thompson
Ḃ ḃ B with dot above Previously used in Irish
B̃ b̃ B with tilde Yanesha'
B̄ b̄ B with macron
Ḅ ḅ B with dot below Ikwerre, Kalabari
Ḇ ḇ B with line below  
Ƀ ƀ B with stroke Jarai
B̤ b̤ B with diaeresis below
B with middle tilde  
B with palatal hook  
Ɓ ɓ B with hook Voiced bilabial implosive, Balanta, Fula, Hausa, Kpelle, Maore, and Bushi
Ƃ ƃ B with topbar  
ʙ̇ Small capital B with dot above
ʙ̣ Small capital B with dot below
Ć ć C with acute Bosnian, Croatian, Polish, Sorbian, and Võro
C̀ c̀ C with grave ISO 9
Ĉ ĉ C with circumflex Esperanto
C̆ c̆ C with breve ISO 9
Č č C with caron Berber, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Estonian, Lakota, Latvian, Lithuanian, Sami, Slovak, and Slovenian
Č́ č́ C with caron and acute above
Č̓ č̓ C with caron and comma above Comox
C̓ c̓ C with comma above Ditidaht, Haisla, Heiltsuk, Thompson
C̈ c̈ C with diaeresis ISO 9
Ċ ċ C with dot above ISO 9, Maltese; previously in Irish and Chechen
C̣ c̣ C with dot below
Ć̣ ć̣ C with dot below and acute
C̱ c̱ C with line below
Ç ç C with cedilla Albanian, Azerbaijani, Catalan, French, Friulian, Kurdish, Ligurian, Manx, Occitan, Potuguese, Romanian, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Zazaki; Voiceless palatal fricative
Ḉ ḉ C with cedilla and acute  
Ç̆ ç̆ C with cedilla and breve ISo 9
Ç̌ ç̌ C with cedilla and caron
Ç̇ ç̇ C with cedilla and dot above
C̨ c̨ C with ogonek
C̄ c̄ C with macron ALA-LC, ISO 9
C̃ c̃ C with tilde Yanesha'
C̋ c̋ C with double acute
Ȼ ȼ C with stroke Kutenai, Saanich
Ȼ̓ ȼ̓ C with stroke and comma above
Ꞓ ꞓ C with bar Previously in Nanai
Ƈ ƈ C with hook Serer
ɕ C with curl Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
Ꜿ ꜿ Reversed C with dot  
D́ d́ D with acute Võro
Ď ď D with caron Czech
Ḑ ḑ D with cedilla  
D̂ d̂ D with circumflex ISO 9
Ḓ ḓ D with circumflex below
D̓ d̓ D with comma above
D̦ d̦ D with comma below
Ḋ ḋ D with dot above  
D̃ d̃ D with tilde  
D̄ d̄ D with macron  
Ḍ ḍ D with dot below  
Ḓ ḓ D with circumflex below  
Ḏ ḏ D with line below  
D̤ d̤ D with diaeresis below  
Đ đ D with stroke Croatian; Vietnamese; Sami; Bosnian
D with middle tilde  
D with palatal hook  
Ɖ ɖ African D, D with tail Voiced retroflex plosive; Ewe
Ɗ ɗ D with hook Voiced alveolar implosive
D with hook and tail  
Ƌ ƌ D with topbar  
ȡ D with curl  
Ꝺ́ ꝺ́ Insular D with acute  
Ꝺ̇ ꝺ̇ Insular D with dot above  
ᴅ̇ Small capital D with dot above
ᴅ̣ Small capital D with dot below
Ð́ ð́ Eth with acute
Ð̣ ð̣ Eth with dot below
É é E with acute  
È è E with grave cf. Cyrillic: Ѐ ѐ, Maltese, Italian
Ĕ ĕ E with breve cf. Cyrillic: Ӗ ӗ
Ě ě E with caron Czech
Ê ê E with circumflex Vietnamese; Kurdish Kurmanji
Ế ế E with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ề ề E with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ễ ễ E with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ể ể E with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
Ë ë E with diaeresis cf. Cyrillic: Ё ё
Ë́ ë́ E with diaeresis and acute
Ë̀ ë̀ E with diaeresis and grave
Ë̂ ë̂ E with diaeresis and circumflex
Ë̌ ë̌ E with diaeresis and caron
Ë̃ ë̃ E with diaeresis and tilde
Ë̄ ë̄ E with diaeresis and macron
E̋ e̋ E with double acute
Ȅ ȅ E with double grave
Ẽ ẽ E with tilde Vietnamese
Ẽ́ ẽ́ E with tilde and acute
Ẽ̀ ẽ̀ E with tilde and grave
Ẽ̂ ẽ̂ E with tilde and circumflex
Ẽ̌ ẽ̌ E with tilde and caron
Ẽ̍ ẽ̍ E with tilde and vertical line
Ė ė E with dot above Lithuanian
Ė́ ė́ E with dot above and acute
Ė̃ ė̃ E with dot and macron
E̓ e̓ E with comma above
Ȩ ȩ E with cedilla  
Ȩ́ ȩ́ E with acute and cedilla
Ḝ ḝ E with breve and cedilla  
Ȩ̀ ȩ̀ E with grave and cedilla
Ȩ̌ ȩ̌ E with caron and cedilla
Ȩ̂ ȩ̂ E with circumflex and cedilla
Ę ę E with ogonek Polish, Kashubian, Lithuanian
Ę́ ę́ E with acute and ogonek
Ę̀ ę̀ E with grave and ogonek
Ę̂ ę̂ E with circumflex and ogonek
Ę̌ ę̌ E with caron and ogonek
Ę̄ ę̄ E with macron and ogonek
Ę̄́ ę̄́ E with macron, acute and ogonek
Ę̄̀ ę̄̀ E with macron, grave and ogonek
Ę̄̂ ę̄̂ E with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ę̄̌ ę̄̌ E with macron, caron and ogonek
Ę̃ ę̃ E with tilde and ogonek
Ę̈ ę̈ E with diaeresis and ogonek
Ę̈̀ ę̈̀ E with diaeresis, grave and ogonek
Ę̈́ ę̈́ E with diaeresis, acute and ogonek
Ę̈̂ ę̈̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex and ogonek
Ę̈̌ ę̈̌ E with diaeresis, caron and ogonek
Ę̈̄ ę̈̄ E with diaeresis, macron and ogonek
Ę̇́ ę̇́ E with dot above, acute and ogonek
Ę̋ ę̋ E with double acute and ogonek
Ę̇ ę̇ E with dot above and ogonek
Ę̱ ę̱ E with ogonek and macron below
Ę̱̀ ę̱̀ E with ogonek, macron below, and grave
Ę̱́ ę̱́ E with ogonek, macron below, and acute
Ę̣ ę̣ E with ogonek and dot below
Ę᷎ ę᷎ E with ogonek above and ogonek
E᷎ e᷎ E with ogonek above
Ē ē E with macron  
Ḗ ḗ E with macron and acute  
Ḕ ḕ E with macron and grave  
Ē̂ ē̂ E with macron and circumflex
Ē̌ ē̌ E with macron and caron
Ē̃ ē̃ E with macron and tilde
Ē̄ ē̄ E with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ē̆ ē̆ E with macron and breve
Ẻ ẻ E with hook above Vietnamese
Ȇ ȇ E with inverted breve  
E̍ e̍ E with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
Ȩ ȩ E with cedilla
Ḝ ḝ E with breve and cedilla
Ẹ ẹ E with dot below Vietnamese
Ệ ệ E with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ẹ́ ẹ́ E with acute and dot below
Ẹ̀ ẹ̀ E with grave and dot below
Ẹ̌ ẹ̌ E with caron and dot below
Ẹ̄ ẹ̄ E with macron and dot below
Ẹ̈ ẹ̈ E with diaeresis and dot below
Ẹ̈̀ ẹ̈̀ E with diaeresis, grave, and dot below
Ẹ̈́ ẹ̈́ E with diaeresis, acute, and dot below
Ẹ̈̂ ẹ̈̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex, and dot below
Ẹ̈̌ ẹ̈̌ E with diaeresis, caron, and dot below
Ẹ̃ ẹ̃ E with tilde and dot below
Ẹ̍ ẹ̍ E with vertical line and dot below
E̤ e̤ E with diaeresis below
È̤ è̤ E with diaeresis below and grave
É̤ é̤ E with diaeresis below and acute
Ê̤ ê̤ E with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ë̤ ë̤ E with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ḙ ḙ E with circumflex below  
E̱ e̱ E with macron below
É̱ é̱ E with acute and macron below
È̱ è̱ E with grave and macron below Maltese, Italian
Ê̱ ê̱ E with circumflex and macron below
Ě̱ ě̱ E with caron and macron below
Ẽ̱ ẽ̱ E with tilde and macron below
Ē̱ ē̱ E with macron and macron below
Ḕ̱ ḕ̱ E with macron, grave and macron below
Ḗ̱ ḗ̱ E with macron, acute and macron below
Ē̱̂ ē̱̂ E with macron, circumflex and macron below
Ë̱ ë̱ E with diaeresis and macron below
Ë̱̀ ë̱̀ E with diaeresis, grave, and macron below
Ë̱́ ë̱́ E with diaeresis, acute, and macron below
Ë̱̂ ë̱̂ E with diaeresis, circumflex, and macron below
Ë̱̌ ë̱̌ E with diaeresis, caron, and macron below
Ḛ ḛ E with tilde below  
E̯ e̯ E with inverted breve below  
E̊ e̊ E with ring
E̥ e̥ E with ring below
Ɇ ɇ E with stroke  
E with retroflex hook  
E with notch UPA
Schwa with retroflex hook  
Open E with retroflex hook  
ɚ Schwa with hook  
Reversed open E with retroflex hook  
ɝ Reversed open E with hook (Reversed Epsilon hook)  
F́ f́ F with acute Võro
F̀ f̀ F with grave ISO 9
Ḟ ḟ F with dot above  
F̄ f̄ F with macron
F̓ f̓ F with comma above
F̧ f̧ F with cedilla
F with middle tilde  
F with palatal hook  
Ƒ ƒ F with hook (Script F)  
F̣ f̣ F with dot below
F̱ f̱ F with line below
ꜰ̇ Small capital F
Ꝼ́ ꝼ́ Insular F with acute
Ꝼ̇ ꝼ̇ Insular F with dot above
Ꝼ̣ ꝼ̣ Insular F with dot below
Ǵ ǵ G with acute  
G̀ g̀ G with grave ISO 9
Ğ ğ G with breve  
Ĝ ĝ G with circumflex Esperanto
Ǧ ǧ G with caron  
Ġ ġ G with dot above Maltese
G̣ g̣ G with dot below Eyak
Ģ ģ G with cedilla Latvian
Ḡ ḡ G with macron  
G̱ g̱ G with line below  
G̱̓ g̱̓ G with line below and comma above  
G̈ g̈ G with diaeresis ALA-LC romanization of Sindhi
G̤ g̤ G with diaeresis below
G̃ g̃ G with tilde Pre-1936 Tagalog letter; ng
G̃́ g̃́ G with tilde and acute
G̑ g̑ G with inverted breve
G̓ g̓ G with comma above
Ꞡ ꞡ G with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
Ǥ ǥ G with stroke  
G with palatal hook  
Ɠ ɠ G with hook Voiced velar implosive
ɢ̇ Small capital G with dot above
ɢ̣ Small capital G with dot below
ʛ Small capital G with hook Voiced uvular implosive
Ɣ̓ ɣ̓ Gamma with comma above Thompson
H́ h́ H with acute Võro
H̀ h̀ H with grave
Ĥ ĥ H with circumflex Esperanto
Ȟ ȟ H with caron  
Ḧ ḧ H with diaeresis  
H̤ h̤ H with diaeresis below  
H̄ h̄ H with macron ISO 11940
Ḣ ḣ H with dot above
H̐ h̐ H with chandrabindu
H̓ h̓ H with comma above Heiltsuk
Ḣ ḣ H with dot above  
Ḩ ḩ H with cedilla  
Ḥ ḥ H with dot below  
Ḫ ḫ H with breve below  
H̱ ẖ H with line below  
H̥ h̥ H with ring below  
Ħ ħ H with stroke Voiceless pharyngeal fricative; Maltese
Ɦ ɦ H with hook Voiced glottal fricative; Dagaare, Massa
Ⱨ ⱨ H with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Ҙ ҙ
ʜ̇ Small capital H
Ꜧ ꜧ Heng Juhuri
ɧ Heng with hook Voiceless palatal-velar fricative
Í í I with acute  
Ì ì I with grave Maltese, Italian
Ĭ ĭ I with breve  
Î î I with circumflex Romanian
Î́ î́ I with circumflex and acute
Ǐ ǐ I with caron  
Ï ï I with diaeresis  
Ḯ ḯ I with diaeresis and acute  
Ï̀ ï̀ I with diaeresis and grave  
Ï̂ ï̂ I with diaeresis and circumflex  
Ï̌ ï̌ I with diaeresis and caron  
Ï̃ ï̃ I with diaeresis and tilde  
Ï̄ ï̄ I with diaeresis and macron  
Ĩ ĩ I with tilde  
Ĩ́ ĩ́ I with tilde and acute  
Ĩ̀ ĩ̀ I with tilde and grave  
Ĩ̂ ĩ̂ I with tilde and circumflex  
Ĩ̌ ĩ̌ I with tilde and caron  
Ĩ̍ ĩ̍ I with tilde and vertical line  
İ i I (uppercase) with dot above Turkish, Azerbaijani
I ı I (lowercase, i.e. ı) without dot above Turkish, Azerbaijani
İ́ i̇́ I with dot above and acute
I᷎ i᷎ I with ogonek above  
Į į I with ogonek Lithuanian
Į́ į́ į̇́ I with ogonek and acute
Į̀ į̀ I with ogonek and grave
Į̂ į̂ I with ogonek and circumflex
Į̌ į̌ I with ogonek and caron
Į̃ į̃ į̇̃ I with ogonek and tilde
Į̄ į̄ I with ogonek and macron
Į̄́ į̄́ I with ogonek, macron, and acute
Į̄̀ į̄̀ I with ogonek, macron, and grave
Į̄̂ į̄̂ I with ogonek, macron, and circumflex
Į̄̌ į̄̌ I with ogonek, macron, and caron
Į̈ į̈ I with ogonek and diaeresis
Į̈́ į̈́ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute
Į̈̀ į̈̀ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave
Į̈̂ į̈̂ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex
Į̈̌ į̈̌ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron
Į̈̄ į̈̄ I with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron
Į̋ į̋ I with ogonek and double acute
Į̱ į̱ I with ogonek and macron below
Į̱́ į̱́ I with ogonek, macron below, and acute
Į̱̀ į̱̀ I with ogonek, macron below, and grave
Ī ī I with macron  
Ī́ ī́ I with macron and acute  
Ī̀ ī̀ I with macron and grave  
Ī̂ ī̂ I with macron and circumflex  
Ī̌ ī̌ I with macron and caron  
Ī̃ ī̃ I with macron and tilde  
Ī̄ ī̄ I with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ī̆ ī̆ I with macron and breve  
Ỉ ỉ I with hook above Vietnamese
Ȉ ȉ I with double grave  
Ȋ ȋ I with inverted breve  
I̋ i̋ I with double acute
Ȉ ȉ I with double grave
I̍ i̍ I with vertical line Pe̍h-oē-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other romanizations of Chinese dialects
I̐ i̐ I with chandrabindu ALA-LC Romanization
I̓ i̓ I with comma above Heiltsuk
I̧ i̧ I with cedilla
Í̧ í̧ I with cedilla and acute
Ì̧ ì̧ I with cedilla and grave
Î̧ î̧ I with cedilla and circumflex
I̱ i̱ I with line below
Í̱ í̱ I with line below and acute
Ì̱ ì̱ I with line below and grave
Î̱ î̱ I with line below and circumflex
Ǐ̱ ǐ̱ I with line below and caron
Ĩ̱ ĩ̱ I with line below and tilde
Ï̱ ï̱ I with line below and diaeresis
Ḯ̱ ḯ̱ I with line below, diaeresis, and acute
Ï̱̀ ï̱̀ I with line below, diaeresis, and grave
Ï̱̂ ï̱̂ I with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ï̱̌ ï̱̌ I with line below, diaeresis, and caron
Ī̱ ī̱ I with line below and macron
Ī̱́ ī̱́ I with line below, macron, and acute
Ī̱̀ ī̱̀ I with line below, macron, and grave
Ī̱̂ ī̱̂ I with line below, macron, and circumflex
Ị ị I with dot below Vietnamese
Ị̀ ị̀ I with dot below and grave
Ị́ ị́ I with dot below and acute
Ị̂ ị̂ I with dot below and circumflex
Ị̌ ị̌ I with dot below and caron
Ị̈ ị̈ I with dot below and diaeresis
Ị̈̀ ị̈̀ I with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ị̈́ ị̈́ I with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ị̈̂ ị̈̂ I with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ị̈̌ ị̈̌ I with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ị̃ ị̃ I with dot below and tilde
Ị̍ ị̍ I with dot below and vertical line
I̤ i̤ I with diaeresis below
Ì̤ ì̤ I with diaeresis below and grave
Í̤ í̤ I with diaeresis below and acute
Î̤ î̤ I with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ï̤ ï̤ I with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ḭ ḭ I with tilde below  
Ḭ́ ḭ́ I with tilde below and acute  
Ḭ̈ ḭ̈ I with tilde below and diaeresis  
Ḭ̈́ ḭ̈́ I with tilde below, diaeresis, and acute  
I̊ i̊ I with ring above
I̥ i̥ I with ring below  
Ï̥ ï̥ I with ring below and diaeresis  
I̯ i̯ I with inverted breve below
Ɨ ɨ I with stroke Close central unrounded vowel; General Alphabet of Cameroon languages
Ɨ́ ɨ́ I with stroke and acute
Ɨ̀ ɨ̀ I with stroke and grave
Ɨ̂ ɨ̂ I with stroke and circumflex
Ɨ̌ ɨ̌ I with stroke and caron
Ɨ̃ ɨ̃ I with stroke and tilde
Ɨ̄ ɨ̄ I with stroke and macron
Ɨ̈ ɨ̈ I with stroke and diaeresis
Ɨ̧ ɨ̧ I with stroke and cedilla
Ɨ̧̀ ɨ̧̀ I with stroke, cedilla and grave
Ɨ̧̂ ɨ̧̂ I with stroke, cedilla, and circumflex
Ɨ̧̌ ɨ̧̌ I with stroke, cedilla and caron
Ɨ̱ ɨ̱ I with stroke and macron below
Ɨ̱́ ɨ̱́ I with stroke, macron below, and acute
Ɨ̱̀ ɨ̱̀ I with stroke, macron below, and grave
Ɨ̱̂ ɨ̱̂ I with stroke, macron below, and circumflex
Ɨ̱̌ ɨ̱̌ I with stroke, macron below, and caron
Ɨ̱̈ ɨ̱̈ I with stroke, macron below, and diaeresis
I with retroflex hook  
Ɩ́ ɩ́ Iota with acute
Ɩ̀ ɩ̀ Iota with grave
Ɩ̃ ɩ̃ Iota with tilde
Iota with stroke  
J́ j́ J with acute ISO 9
Ĵ ĵ J with circumflex Esperanto
J̌ ǰ J with caron  
J̄ j̄ J with macron
J̃ j̃ j̇̃ J with tilde
J̈ j̈ J with diaeresis
J̋ j̋ J with double acute
J with dot above
J̓ j̓ J with comma above
J᷎ j᷎ J with ogonek above
J̣ j̣ J with dot below
J̱ j̱ J with line below
J̥ j̥ J with ring below
Ɉ ɉ J with stroke  
Ɉ̱ ɉ̱ J with stroke and line below  
ʝ J with crossed-tail Voiced palatal fricative
ȷ Dotless J
ɟ Dotless J with stroke Voiced palatal plosive
ʄ Dotless J with stroke and hook Voiced palatal implosive
Ḱ ḱ K with acute  
K̀ k̀ K with grave ISO 9
Ǩ ǩ K with caron  
K̄ k̄ K with macron
K̇ k̇ K with dot above
K̈ k̈ K with diaeresis
K̑ k̑ K with inverted breve
K̓ k̓ K with comma above
Ķ ķ K with cedilla  
Ḳ ḳ K with dot below  
Ḵ ḵ K with line below  
Ḵ̓ ḵ̓ K with line below and comma above  
K̥ k̥ K with ring below  
K with palatal hook  
Ƙ ƙ K with hook  
Ⱪ ⱪ K with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Қ қ
Ꝁ ꝁ K with stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝃ ꝃ K with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝅ ꝅ K with stroke and diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꞣ ꞣ K with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
ᴋ̇ Small capital K with dot above
L̀ l̀ L with grave  
Ĺ ĺ L with acute  
L̂ l̂ L with circumflex ISO 9
L̐ l̐ L with chandrabindu Transliteration
L̃ l̃ L with tilde
L̄ l̄ L with macron
L̈ l̈ L with diaeresis
L̇ l̇ L with dot above
L̋ l̋ L with double acute
L̓ l̓ L with comma above Heiltsuk, Thompson
Ľ ľ L with caron  
Ļ ļ L with cedilla Marshallese
L̦ l̦ L with comma below Nenets in the 1930s
Ḷ ḷ L with dot below  
Ḹ ḹ L with dot below and macron  
Ḷ̀ ḷ̀ L with grave and dot below
Ḷ́ ḷ́ L with acute and dot below
Ḷ̓ ḷ̓ L with comma above and dot below
Ḽ ḽ L with circumflex below  
Ḻ ḻ L with line below  
Ḻ̓ ḻ̓ L with comma above and line below  
L̥ l̥ L with ring below  
Ł ł L with stroke Polish, Kashubian, Sorbian, Navaho
Ł̇ ł̇ L with stroke and dot above
Ł̓ ł̓ L with stroke and comma above
Ł̣ ł̣ L with stroke and dot below
Ł̱ ł̱ L with stroke and line below
Ꝉ ꝉ L with high stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ƚ ƚ L with bar  
Ⱡ ⱡ L with double bar  
Ɫ ɫ L with middle tilde Velarized alveolar lateral approximant
ɬ L with belt Voiceless alveolar lateral fricative
L with palatal hook  
ɭ L with retroflex hook Retroflex lateral approximant
L with retroflex hook and belt Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative in Toda
ȴ L with curl  
ʟ̇ Small capital L with dot above
ʟ̣ Small capital L with dot below
ƛ Lambda with stroke  
ƛ̓ Lambda with stroke and comma above
M̀ m̀ M with grave Pinyin transliteration and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ḿ ḿ M with acute Pinyin transliteration and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̂ m̂ M with circumflex Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̌ m̌ M with caron
Ṁ ṁ M with dot above  
M̍ m̍ M with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects.
M̄ m̄ M with macron Pinyin, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
M̐ m̐ M with chandrabindu
M̃ m̃ M with tilde
M̈ m̈ M with diaeresis
M̋ m̋ M with double acute
M̓ m̓ M with comma above
M with middle tilde  
M̧ m̧ M with cedilla
M̨ m̨ M with ogonek
Ṃ ṃ M with dot below
Ṃ́ ṃ́ M with acute and dot below
Ṃ̓ ṃ̓ M with comma above and dot below
M̦ m̦ M with comma below
M̱ m̱ M with line below
M̥ m̥ M with ring below
M with palatal hook  
Ɱ ɱ M with hook Labiodental nasal
ᴍ̇ Small capital M with dot above
ᴍ̣ Small capital M with dot below
Ń ń N with acute Polish, Kashubian, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ǹ ǹ N with grave Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
N̂ n̂ N with circumflex ISO 9, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ň ň N with caron Czech, Slovak
Ñ ñ N with tilde  
Ñ̈ ñ̈ N with tilde and diaeresis
Ṅ ṅ N with dot above  
N̓ n̓ N with comma above
N̍ n̍ N with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects.
N̄ n̄ N with macron Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
N̐ n̐ N with chandrabindu
N̈ n̈ N with diaeresis Malagasy
N̋ n̋ N with double acute Malagasy
Ꞥ ꞥ N with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
N with middle tilde  
Ņ ņ N with cedilla  
Ṋ ṋ N with circumflex below  
N̦ n̦ N with comma below
Ṇ ṇ N with dot below used in phonetic Sanskrit transliteration  
Ṇ́ ṇ́ N with acute and dot below
Ṇ̓ ṇ̓ N with comma above and dot below
Ṉ ṉ N with line below  
N̥ n̥ N with ring below  
N̰ n̰ N with tilde below
N̲ n̲ N with underline
Ɲ ɲ N with left hook Palatal nasal
Ƞ ƞ N with long right leg  
Ꞑ ꞑ N with descender Jaꞑalif letter for Tatar
N with palatal hook  
ɳ N with retroflex hook Retroflex nasal
ȵ N with curl  
ɴ̇ Small capital N with dot above
ɴ̣ Small capital N with dot below
Ó ó O with acute Polish, Pinyin transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ò ò O with grave Maltese, Italian, Pinyin transliteration, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ŏ ŏ O with breve Foochow Romanized
Ô ô O with circumflex Slovak; Vietnamese; Kashubian, Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
Ố ố O with circumflex and acute Vietnamese
Ồ ồ O with circumflex and grave Vietnamese
Ỗ ỗ O with circumflex and tilde Vietnamese
Ổ ổ O with circumflex and hook above Vietnamese
Ǒ ǒ O with caron Pinyin transliteration
O̐ o̐ O with chandrabindu
Ö ö O with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots; cf. Cyrillic: Ӧ ӧ
Ö́ ö́ O with diaeresis and acute
Ö̀ ö̀ O with diaeresis and grave
Ö̂ ö̂ O with diaeresis and circumflex
Ö̌ ö̌ O with diaeresis and caron
Ö̃ ö̃ O with diaeresis and tilde
Ȫ ȫ O with diaeresis and macron  
Ő ő O with double acute Hungarian
Õ õ O with tilde  
Õ̍ õ̍ O with tilde and vertical line &nbsp
Ṍ ṍ O with tilde and acute  
Õ̀ õ̀ O with tilde and grave  
Õ̂ õ̂ O with tilde and circumflex  
Õ̌ õ̌ O with tilde and caron  
Ṏ ṏ O with tilde and diaeresis  
Ȭ ȭ O with tilde and macron  
Ȯ ȯ O with dot above  
Ȯ́ ȯ́ O with dot above and acute  
Ȱ ȱ O with dot above and macron  
O͘ o͘ O with dot above right Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ó͘ ó͘ O with dot above right and acute Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ò͘ ò͘ O with dot above right and grave Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ō͘ ō͘ O with dot above right and macron Pe̍h-ōe-jī
O̍͘ o̍͘ O with dot above and vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ø ø O with stroke Close-mid front rounded vowel
Ǿ ǿ O with stroke and acute  
Ø̀ ø̀ O with stroke and grave
Ø̂ ø̂ O with stroke and circumflex
Ø̌ ø̌ O with stroke and caron
Ø̄ ø̄ O with stroke and macron
Ø̄́ ø̄́ O with stroke, macron, and acute
Ø̄̆ ø̄̆ O with stroke, macron, and breve
Ø̆ ø̆ O with stroke and breve
Ø̈ ø̈ O with stroke and diaeresis
Ø̋ ø̋ O with stroke and double acute
Ø̇ ø̇ O with stroke and dot above
Ø̇́ ø̇́ O with stroke, dot above, and acute
Ø᷎ ø᷎ O with stroke and ogonek above
Ø̨ ø̨ O with stroke and ogonek
Ǿ̨ ǿ̨ O with stroke, ogonek, and acute
Ø̣ ø̣ O with stroke and dot below
Ø̥ ø̥ O with stroke and ring below
Ø̰ ø̰ O with stroke and tilde below
Ǿ̰ ǿ̰ O with stroke, tilde below, and acute
Ɵ ɵ O with bar
Ꝋ ꝋ O with long stroke overlay
Ǫ ǫ O with ogonek  
Ǭ ǭ O with macron and ogonek  
Ǭ́ ǭ́ O with macron, acute and ogonek
Ǭ̀ ǭ̀ O with macron, grave and ogonek
Ǭ̂ ǭ̂ O with macron, circumflex and ogonek
Ǭ̌ ǭ̌ O with macron, caron and ogonek
Ǫ́ ǫ́ O with acute and ogonek
Ǫ̀ ǫ̀ O with grave and ogonek
Ǫ̂ ǫ̂ O with circumflex and ogonek
Ǫ̌ ǫ̌ O with caron and ogonek
Ǫ̈ ǫ̈ O with diaeresis and ogonek
Ǫ̈́ ǫ̈́ O with diaeresis, acute, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̀ ǫ̈̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̂ ǫ̈̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̌ ǫ̈̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and ogonek
Ǫ̈̄ ǫ̈̄ O with diaeresis, macron, and ogonek
Ǫ̋ ǫ̋ O with double acute and ogonek
Ǫ̇ ǫ̇ O with dot above and ogonek
Ǫ̇́ ǫ̇́ O with dot above, acute, and ogonek
Ǫ̣ ǫ̣ O with ogonek and dot below
Ǫ̱ ǫ̱ O with ogonek and line below
Ǫ̱́ ǫ̱́ O with ogonek, line below, and acute
Ǫ̱̀ ǫ̱̀ O with ogonek, line below, and grave
Ǫ᷎ ǫ᷎ O with ogonek above and ogonek  
Ō ō O with macron Pre-1946 Latvian letter, still sometimes used in some non-standard orthographies
Ṓ ṓ O with macron and acute  
Ṑ ṑ O with macron and grave  
Ō̂ ō̂ O with macron and circumflex
Ō̌ ō̌ O with macron and caron
Ō̃ ō̃ O with macron and tilde
Ō̄ ō̄ O with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ō̆ ō̆ O with macron and breve
O̊ o̊ O with ring
Ỏ ỏ O with hook above Vietnamese
Ő ő O with double acute
Ȍ ȍ O with double grave  
Ȏ ȏ O with inverted breve  
Ơ ơ O with horn Vietnamese
Ớ ớ O with horn and acute Vietnamese
Ờ ờ O with horn and grave Vietnamese
Ỡ ỡ O with horn and tilde Vietnamese
Ở ở O with horn and hook above Vietnamese
O̍ o̍ O with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System
O̓ o̓ O with comma above
O᷎ o᷎ O with ogonek above
Ó᷎ ó᷎ O with ogonek above and acute
Ọ ọ O with dot below Vietnamese, Yoruba
Ọ̀ ọ̀ O with grave and dot below
Ọ́ ọ́ O with acute and dot below
Ọ̌ ọ̌ O with caron and dot below
Ọ̄ ọ̄ O with macron and dot below
Ọ̈ ọ̈ O with diaeresis and dot below
Ọ̈̀ ọ̈̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and dot below
Ọ̈́ ọ̈́ O with diaeresis, acute, and dot below
Ọ̈̂ ọ̈̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and dot below
Ọ̈̌ ọ̈̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and dot below
Ọ̃ ọ̃ O with tilde and dot below
Ợ ợ O with horn and dot below Vietnamese
Ộ ộ O with circumflex and dot below Vietnamese
Ọ ọ O with vertical line and dot below
O̤ o̤ O with diaeresis below
Ò̤ ò̤ O with diaeresis below and grave
Ó̤ ó̤ O with diaeresis below and acute
Ô̤ ô̤ O with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ö̤ ö̤ O with diaeresis below and diaeresis
O̯ o̯ O with inverted breve below
O̭ o̭ O with circumflex below
O̧ o̧ O with cedilla
Ó̧ ó̧ O with acute and cedilla
Ò̧ ò̧ O with grave and cedilla
Ô̧ ô̧ O with circumflex and cedilla
Ǒ̧ ǒ̧ O with caron and cedilla
O̱ o̱ O with line below
Ó̱ ó̱ O with acute and line below
Ò̱ ò̱ O with grave and line below
Ô̱ ô̱ O with circumflex and line below
Ǒ̱ ǒ̱ O with caron and line below
Õ̱ õ̱ O with tilde and line below
Ō̱ ō̱ O with macron and line below
Ṓ̱ ṓ̱ O with macron, acute, and line below
Ṑ̱ ṑ̱ O with macron, grave, and line below
Ō̱̂ ō̱̂ O with macron, circumflex, and line below
Ö̱ ö̱ O with diaeresis and line below
Ö̱́ ö̱́ O with diaeresis, acute, and line below
Ö̱̀ ö̱̀ O with diaeresis, grave, and line below
Ö̱̂ ö̱̂ O with diaeresis, circumflex, and line below
Ö̱̌ ö̱̌ O with diaeresis, caron, and line below
O̰ o̰ O with tilde below
Ó̰ ó̰ O with tilde below and acute
O̥ o̥ O with ring below
O̲ o̲ O with underline
Sideways O with stroke  
Open O with retroflex hook  
Ꝍ ꝍ O with loop Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /øː/, and /ey/[3]
O with low ring inside UPA
Ꝋ ꝋ O with long stroke overlay  
Ɔ́ ɔ́ Open O with acute
Ɔ̀ ɔ̀ Open O with grave
Ɔ̂ ɔ̂ Open O with circumflex
Ɔ̌ ɔ̌ Open O with caron
Ɔ̄ ɔ̄ Open O with macron
Ɔ̃ ɔ̃ Open O with tilde
Ɔ̃́ ɔ̃́ Open O with tilde and acute
Ɔ̃̀ ɔ̃̀ Open O with tilde and grave
Ɔ̃̂ ɔ̃̂ Open O with tilde and circumflex
Ɔ̃̌ ɔ̃̌ Open O with tilde and caron
Ɔ̃̍ ɔ̃̍ Open O with tilde and vertical line
Ɔ̄ ɔ̄ Open O with macron
Ɔ̆ ɔ̆ Open O with breve
Ɔ̈ ɔ̈ Open O with diaeresis
Ɔ̈̀ ɔ̈̀ Open O with diaeresis and grave
Ɔ̈́ ɔ̈́ Open O with diaeresis and acute
Ɔ̈̂ ɔ̈̂ Open O with diaeresis and circumflex
Ɔ̈̌ ɔ̈̌ Open O with diaeresis and caron
Ɔ̍ ɔ̍ Open O with vertical line
Ɔ̇ ɔ̇ Open O with dot above
Ɔ̣ ɔ̣ Open O with dot below
Ɔ̣̀ ɔ̣̀ Open O with dot below and grave
Ɔ̣́ ɔ̣́ Open O with dot below and acute
Ɔ̣̂ ɔ̣̂ Open O with dot below and circumflex
Ɔ̣̌ ɔ̣̌ Open O with dot below and caron
Ɔ̣̈ ɔ̣̈ Open O with dot below and diaeresis
Ɔ̣̈̀ ɔ̣̈̀ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɔ̣̈́ ɔ̣̈́ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɔ̣̈̂ ɔ̣̈̂ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ɔ̣̈̌ ɔ̣̈̌ Open O with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ɔ̣̃ ɔ̣̃ Open O with dot below and tilde
Ɔ̤ ɔ̤ Open O with diaeresis below
Ɔ̤̀ ɔ̤̀ Open O with diaeresis below and grave
Ɔ̤́ ɔ̤́ Open O with diaeresis below and acute
Ɔ̤̂ ɔ̤̂ Open O with diaeresis below and circumflex
Ɔ̤̈ ɔ̤̈ Open O with diaeresis below and diaeresis
Ɔ̱ ɔ̱ Open O with macron below
Ɔ̱́ ɔ̱́ Open O with macron below and acute
Ɔ̱̀ ɔ̱̀ Open O with macron below and grave
Ɔ̱̂ ɔ̱̂ Open O with macron below and circumflex
Ɔ̱̌ ɔ̱̌ Open O with macron below and caron
Ɔ̱̃ ɔ̱̃ Open O with macron below and tilde
Ɔ̱̈ ɔ̱̈ Open O with macron below and diaeresis
Ɔ̱̈́ ɔ̱̈́ Open O with macron below, diaeresis, and acute
Ɔ̱̈̀ ɔ̱̈̀ Open O with macron below, diaeresis, and grave
Ɔ̧ ɔ̧ Open O with cedilla
Ɔ̧́ ɔ̧́ Open O with acute and cedilla
Ɔ̧̀ ɔ̧̀ Open O with grave and cedilla
Ɔ̧̂ ɔ̧̂ Open O with circumflex and cedilla
Ɔ̧̌ ɔ̧̌ Open O with caron and cedilla
Ɔ̨ ɔ̨ Open O with ogonek
Ɔ̨́ ɔ̨́ Open O with ogonek and acute
Ɔ̨̀ ɔ̨̀ Open O with ogonek and grave
Ɔ̨̂ ɔ̨̂ Open O with ogonek and circumflex
Ɔ̨̌ ɔ̨̌ Open O with ogonek and caron
Ɔ̨̄ ɔ̨̄ Open O with ogonek and macron
Ɔ̨̆ ɔ̨̆ Open O with ogonek and breve
Ɔ̨̈ ɔ̨̈ Open O with ogonek and diaeresis
Ɔ̱ ɔ̱ Open O with tilde below
Ṕ ṕ P with acute  
P̀ p̀ P with grave ISO 9
Ṗ ṗ P with dot above  
P̣ p̣ P with dot below  
P̄ p̄ P with macron
P̱ p̱ P with line below
P̓ p̓ P with comma above
P̈ p̈ P with diaeresis
P̤ p̤ P with diaeresis below
P̄ p̄ P with tilde
Ᵽ ᵽ P with stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝑ ꝑ P with stroke through descender  
P with middle tilde  
P with palatal hook  
Ƥ ƥ P with hook  
Ꝓ ꝓ P with flourish Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝕ ꝕ P with squirrel tail Medieval abbreviations[3]
ᴘ̇ Small capital P with dot above
Q́ q́ Q with acute  
Q̓ q̓ Q with comma above  
Q̇ q̇ Q with dot above  
Q̄ q̄ Q with macron  
Q̣ q̣ Q with dot below  
Q̱ q̱ Q with line below  
Ꝗ ꝗ Q with stroke through descender Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝗ̃ ꝗ̃ Q with stroke through descender and tilde
Ꝙ ꝙ Q with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
ʠ Q with hook  
Q with tilde  
Ɋ ɋ Q with hook tail  
Ŕ ŕ R with acute Slovak
Ř ř R with caron Czech
R̂ r̂ R with circumflex
R̓ r̓ R with comma above
R̦ r̦ R with comma below
Ṙ ṙ R with dot above  
Ŗ ŗ R with cedilla Pre-1946 Latvian letter, still sometimes used in some non-standard orthographies
R̄ r̄ R with macron  
Ꞧ ꞧ R with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter
Ȑ ȑ R with double grave  
Ȓ ȓ R with inverted breve  
R̋ r̋ R with double acute  
R̍ r̍ R with vertical line
Ṛ ṛ R with dot below  
Ṝ ṝ R with dot below and macron  
R̰ r̰ R with diaeresis below  
Ṟ ṟ R with line below  
R̥ r̥ R with ring below  
R̥̄ r̥̄ R with ring below and macron  
R̃ r̃ R with tilde  
Ɍ ɍ R with stroke  
R with middle tilde  
ɺ Turned R with long leg Alveolar lateral flap
R with palatal hook  
ɻ Turned R with hook Retroflex approximant
Turned R with tail UPA
ɼ R with long leg  
Ɽ ɽ R with tail Retroflex flap
ɾ R with fishhook Alveolar flap
R with fishhook and middle tilde  
ɿ Reversed R with fishhook  
ʀ̇ Small capital R with dot above
ʀ̣ Small capital R with dot below
Ꝛ́ ꝛ́ R rotunda with acute
Ꝛ̣ ꝛ̣ R rotunda with dot below
S̀ s̀ S with grave
Ś ś S with acute Polish, Sanskrit transliteration
Ṥ ṥ S with acute and dot above  
Ŝ ŝ S with circumflex Esperanto
Š š S with caron Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian, Sorbian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Bosnian
Š́ š́ S with caron and acute
Ṧ ṧ S with caron and dot above  
Š̓ š̓ S with caron and comma above
Ṡ ṡ S with dot above  
S̃ s̃ S with tilde
S̄ s̄ S with macron
S̆ s̆ S with breve
S̈ s̈ S with diaeresis
S̓ s̓ S with comma above
Ş ş S with cedilla  
Ꞩ ꞩ S with oblique stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter; pre-1950 Lower Sorbian letter
Ṣ ṣ S with dot below  
Ṩ ṩ S with dot below and dot above  
S̱ s̱ S with line below
Ș ș S with comma below Romanian, cf. comma-below versus cedilla
ꜱ̇ Small capital S with dot above
ꜱ̣ Small capital S with dot below
ſ́ Long s with acute  
Long s with dot above  
ſ̣ Long s with dot below  
ẞ ᵴ S with middle tilde  
S with palatal hook  
ʂ S with hook Voiceless retroflex fricative
Ȿ ȿ S with swash tail Shona
Long S with diagonal stroke Pre-1921 Latvian letter; pre-1950 Lower Sorbian letter
Long S with high stroke  
Esh with palatal hook  
Esh with retroflex hook  
ʆ Esh with curl  
T́ t́ T with acute  
Ť ť T with caron  
T̈ ẗ T with diaeresis  
Ṫ ṫ T with dot above  
T̃ t̃ T with tilde  
T̄ t̄ T with macron  
T̓ t̓ T with comma above  
Ţ ţ T with cedilla  
Ṭ ṭ T with dot below  
Ț ț T with comma below Romanian
Ṱ ṱ T with circumflex below  
Ṯ ṯ T with line below  
T̨ t̨ T with ogonek
T̥ t̥ T with ring below  
T̤ t̤ T with diaeresis below  
ƾ Inverted glottal stop with stroke  
Ŧ ŧ T with stroke  
Ⱦ ⱦ T with diagonal stroke  
T with middle tilde  
ƫ T with palatal hook  
Ƭ ƭ T with hook  
Ʈ ʈ T with retroflex hook Voiceless retroflex plosive
ȶ T with curl  
ᴛ̇ Small capital T with dot above
ᴛ̣ Small capital T with dot below
Ú ú U with acute  
Ù ù U with grave Maltese, Italian
Ŭ ŭ U with breve cf. Cyrillic: Ў ў
Û û U with circumflex  
Ǔ ǔ U with caron  
Ů ů U with ring above  
Ü ü U with diaeresis Emiliano-Romagnolo, Estonian, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Rotuman, Sami, Saterlandic, Slovak, Tatar, Turkmen, and Ulster-Scots, Hanyu Pinyin; cf. Cyrillic: Ӱ ӱ
Ǘ ǘ U with diaeresis and acute Second tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ǜ ǜ U with diaeresis and grave Fourth tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ü̂ ü̂ U with diaeresis and circumflex
Ǚ ǚ U with diaeresis and caron Third tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ü̃ ü̃ U with diaeresis and tilde
Ǖ ǖ U with diaeresis and macron First tone for yu in Hanyu Pinyin
Ű ű U with double acute cf. Cyrillic: Ӳ ӳ, Hungarian
Ũ ũ U with tilde  
Ṹ ṹ U with tilde and acute  
Ũ̀ ũ̀ U with tilde and grave  
Ũ̂ ũ̂ U with tilde and circumflex  
Ũ̌ ũ̌ U with tilde and caron  
Ũ̍ ũ̍ U with tilde and vertical line  
Ų ų U with ogonek  
Ų́ ų́ U with ogonek and acute  
Ų̀ ų̀ U with ogonek and grave  
Ų̂ ų̂ U with ogonek and circumflex  
Ų̌ ų̌ U with ogonek and caron  
Ų̄ ų̄ U with ogonek and macron  
Ų̄́ ų̄́ U with ogonek, macron, and acute  
Ų̄̀ ų̄̀ U with ogonek, macron, and grave  
Ų̄̂ ų̄̂ U with ogonek, macron, and circumflex  
Ų̄̌ ų̄̌ U with ogonek, macron, and caron  
Ų̈ ų̈ U with ogonek and diaeresis  
Ų̈́ ų̈́ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute  
Ų̈̀ ų̈̀ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave  
Ų̈̂ ų̈̂ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex  
Ų̈̌ ų̈̌ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron  
Ų̈̄ ų̈̄ U with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron  
Ų̋ ų̋ U with ogonek and double acute  
Ų̱ ų̱ U with ogonek and line below  
Ų̱́ ų̱́ U with ogonek, line below, and acute  
Ų̱̀ ų̱̀ U with ogonek, line below, and grave  
Ū ū U with macron cf. Cyrillic: Ӯ ӯ
Ū́ ū́ U with macron and acute
Ū̀ ū̀ U with macron and grave
Ū̂ ū̂ U with macron and circumflex
Ū̌ ū̌ U with macron and caron
Ū̃ ū̃ U with macron and tilde
Ū̄ ū̄ U with macron and macron Kienning Colloquial Romanized transliteration
Ū̆ ū̆ U with macron and breve
Ṻ ṻ U with macron and diaeresis  
Ủ ủ U with hook above Vietnamese
Ȕ ȕ U with double grave  
Ȗ ȗ U with inverted breve  
U̍ u̍ U with vertical line Pe̍h-ōe-jī, Taiwanese Romanization System and other transliterations of Chinese dialects
U̓ u̓ U with comma above
Ư ư U with horn Vietnamese
Ứ ứ U with horn and acute Vietnamese
Ừ ừ U with horn and grave Vietnamese
Ữ ữ U with horn and tilde Vietnamese
Ử ử U with horn and hook above Vietnamese
Ự ự U with horn and dot below Vietnamese
U̇ u̇ U with dot above
U̇́ u̇́ U with dot above and acute
U᷎ u᷎ U with ogonek above
Ụ ụ U with dot below Vietnamese
Ụ̀ ụ̀ U with dot below and grave
Ụ́ ụ́ U with dot below and acute
Ụ̂ ụ̂ U with dot below and circumflex
Ụ̌ ụ̌ U with dot below and caron
Ụ̄ ụ̄ U with dot below and macron
Ụ̈ ụ̈ U with dot below and diaeresis
Ụ̈̀ ụ̈̀ U with dot below, diaeresis, and grave
Ụ̈́ ụ̈́ U with dot below, diaeresis, and acute
Ụ̈̂ ụ̈̂ U with dot below, diaeresis, and circumflex
Ụ̈̌ ụ̈̌ U with dot below, diaeresis, and caron
Ụ̃ ụ̃ U with dot below and tilde
Ụ̍ ụ̍ U with dot below and vertical line
Ṳ ṳ U with diaeresis below  
Ṳ̀ ṳ̀ U with diaeresis below and grave  
Ṳ́ ṳ́ U with diaeresis below and acute  
Ṳ̂ ṳ̂ U with diaeresis below and circumflex  
Ṳ̈ ṳ̈ U with diaeresis below and diaeresis  
U̧ u̧ U with cedilla
Ú̧ ú̧ U with acute and cedilla
Ù̧ ù̧ U with grave and cedilla
Û̧ û̧ U with circumflex and cedilla
Ǔ̧ ǔ̧ U with circumflex and cedilla
U̱ u̱ U with line below  
Ú̱ ú̱ U with line below and acute  
Ù̱ ù̱ U with line below and grave  
Û̱ û̱ U with line below and circumflex  
Ǔ̱ ǔ̱ U with line below and caron  
Ũ̱ ũ̱ U with line below and tilde  
Ū̱ ū̱ U with line below and macron  
Ū̱́ ū̱́ U with line below, macron, and acute  
Ū̱̀ ū̱̀ U with line below, macron, and grave  
Ū̱̂ ū̱̂ U with line below, macron, and circumflex  
Ü̱ ü̱ U with line below and diaeresis  
Ǘ̱ ǘ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and acute  
Ǜ̱ ǜ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and grave  
Ü̱̂ ü̱̂ U with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex  
Ǚ̱ ǚ̱ U with line below, diaeresis, and caron  
Ṷ ṷ U with circumflex below  
Ṵ ṵ U with tilde below  
Ṵ́ ṵ́ U with tilde below and acute  
Ṵ̈ ṵ̈ U with tilde below and diaeresis  
U̯ u̯ U with inverted breve below  
U̥ u̥ U with ring below  
Ü̥ ü̥ U with ring below and diaeresis  
Ʉ ʉ U bar Close central rounded vowel
Ʉ́ ʉ́ U bar with acute
Ʉ̀ ʉ̀ U bar with grave
Ʉ̂ ʉ̂ U bar with circumflex
Ʉ̌ ʉ̌ U bar with caron
Ʉ̃ ʉ̃ U bar with tilde
Ʉ̄ ʉ̄ U bar with macron
Ʉ̈ ʉ̈ U bar with diaeresis
Ʉ̧ ʉ̧ U bar with cedilla
Ʉ̱ ʉ̱ U bar with line below
Ʉ̱́ ʉ̱́ U bar with line below and acute
Ʉ̱̀ ʉ̱̀ U bar with line below and grave
Ʉ̱̂ ʉ̱̂ U bar with line below and circumflex
Ʉ̱̌ ʉ̱̌ U bar with line below and caron
Ʉ̱̈ ʉ̱̈ U bar with line below and diaeresis
Ʉ̥ ʉ̥ U bar with ring below
Ʉ̰ ʉ̰ U bar with tilde below
Ʉ̰́ ʉ̰́ U bar with tilde below and acute
Small capital U with stroke  
U with retroflex hook  
ʮ Turned H with fishhook  
ʯ Turned H with fishhook and tail  
ɰ Turned M with long leg Velar approximant
ᵿ Upsilon with stroke  
V́ v́ V with acute  
V̀ v̀ V with grave  
V̂ v̂ V with circumflex  
V̌ v̌ V with caron  
Ṽ ṽ V with tilde  
Ṽ̀ ṽ̀ V with tilde and grave  
Ṽ́ ṽ́ V with tilde and acute  
Ṽ̂ ṽ̂ V with tilde and circumflex  
Ṽ̌ ṽ̌ V with tilde and caron  
V̄ v̄ V with macron  
V̄̀ v̄̀ V with macron and grave  
V̄́ v̄́ V with macron and acute  
V̄̂ v̄̂ V with macron and circumflex  
V̄̌ v̄̌ V with macron and caron  
V̄̄ v̄̄ V with macron and macron  
V̆ v̆ V with breve  
V̇ v̇ V with dot above  
V̈ v̈ V with diaeresis  
V̈̀ v̈̀ V with diaeresis and grave  
V̈́ v̈́ V with diaeresis and acute  
V̈̂ v̈̂ V with diaeresis and circumflex  
V̈̌ v̈̌ V with diaeresis and caron  
V̈̄ v̈̄ V with diaeresis and macron  
V̏ v̏ V with double grave  
V̋ v̋ V with double acute  
V̊ v̊ V with ring above  
V̓ v̓ V with comma above  
Ṿ ṿ V with dot below  
V̥ v̥ V with ring below  
V̱ v̱ V with line below  
V̱̀ v̱̀ V with line below and grave  
V̱́ v̱́ V with line below and acute  
V̱̂ v̱̂ V with line below and circumflex  
V̱̌ v̱̌ V with line below and caron  
Ṽ̱ ṽ̱ V with line below and tilde  
V̱̈ v̱̈ V with line below and diaeresis  
V̱̈́ v̱̈́ V with line below, diaeresis, and acute  
V̱̈̀ v̱̈̀ V with line below, diaeresis, and grave  
V̱̈̂ v̱̈̂ V with line below, diaeresis, and circumflex  
V̱̈̌ v̱̈̌ V with line below, diaeresis, and caron  
V̧ v̧ V with cedilla  
V̨ v̨ V with ogonek  
V̨̀ v̨̀ V with ogonek and grave  
V̨́ v̨́ V with ogonek and acute  
V̨̂ v̨̂ V with ogonek and circumflex  
V̨̌ v̨̌ V with ogonek and caron  
V̨̄ v̨̄ V with ogonek and macron  
V̨̄́ v̨̄́ V with ogonek, macron, and acute  
V̨̄̀ v̨̄̀ V with ogonek, macron, and grave  
V̨̄̂ v̨̄̂ V with ogonek, macron, and circumflex  
V̨̄̌ v̨̄̌ V with ogonek, macron, and caron  
V̨̈ v̨̈ V with ogonek and diaeresis  
V̨̈́ v̨̈́ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and acute  
V̨̈̀ v̨̈̀ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and grave  
V̨̈̂ v̨̈̂ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and circumflex  
V̨̈̌ v̨̈̌ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and caron  
V̨̈̄ v̨̈̄ V with ogonek, diaeresis, and macron  
V̨̋ v̨̋ V with ogonek and double acute  
V̨̱ v̨̱ V with ogonek and line below  
V̨̱́ v̨̱́ V with ogonek, line below, and acute  
V̨̱̀ v̨̱̀ V with ogonek, line below, and grave  
V̨̱̂ v̨̱̂ V with ogonek, line below, and circumflex  
V̨̱̌ v̨̱̌ V with ogonek, line below, and caron  
Ꝟ ꝟ V with diagonal stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
V with palatal hook  
Ʋ ʋ V with hook (Script V) Labiodental approximant
V with right hook Labiodental flap
V with curl  
Ꝩ́ ꝩ́ Vend with acute
Ꝩ̇ ꝩ̇ Vend with dot above
Ꝩ̣ ꝩ̣ Vend with dot below
Ẃ ẃ W with acute  
Ẁ ẁ W with grave  
Ŵ ŵ W with circumflex  
W̃ w̃ W with tilde  
W̊ ẘ W with ring above  
Ẅ ẅ W with diaeresis  
Ẇ ẇ W with dot above  
W̄ w̄ W with macron  
W̆ w̆ W with breve  
W̌ w̌ W with caron  
W̋ w̋ W with double acute  
W̓ w̓ W with comma above  
Ẉ ẉ W with dot below  
W̱ w̱ W with line below  
W̥ w̥ W with ring below  
Ⱳ ⱳ W with hook  
X́ x́ X with acute  
X̂ x̂ X with circumflex  
X̄ x̄ X with macron  
X̌ x̌ X with caron  
Ẍ ẍ X with diaeresis  
Ẋ ẋ X with dot above  
X̓ x̓ X with comma above  
X̣ x̣ X with dot below  
X̣̓ x̣̓ X with dot below and comma above  
X̱ x̱ X with line below  
X̱̓ x̱̓ X with line below and comm aabove  
X̥ x̥ X with ring below  
X with palatal hook  
Ý ý Y with acute  
Ỳ ỳ Y with grave  
Ŷ ŷ Y with circumflex  
Y̊ ẙ Y with ring above  
Ÿ ÿ Y with diaeresis  
Ỹ ỹ Y with tilde  
Ẏ ẏ Y with dot above  
Ẏ́ ẏ́ Y with dot above and acute
Ȳ ȳ Y with macron  
Ȳ́ ȳ́ Y with macron and acute  
Ȳ̆ ȳ̆ Y with macron and breve  
Y̆ y̆ Y with breve  
Y̌ y̌ Y with caron  
Y̋ y̋ Y with double acute  
Y᷎ y᷎ Y with ogonek above  
Y̍ y̍ Y with vertical line  
Y̓ y̓ Y with comma above  
Ỷ ỷ Y with hook above  
Ỵ ỵ Y with dot below  
Y̱ y̱ Y with line below  
Y̥ y̥ Y with ring below  
Ɏ ɏ Y with stroke  
Ƴ ƴ Y with hook  
Ỿ ỿ Y with loop Medieval Welsh[3]
Ź ź Z with acute Polish
Ẑ ẑ Z with circumflex  
Ž ž Z with caron Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Bosnian
Z̄ z̄ Z with macron
Z̈ z̈ Z with diaeresis
Ż ż Z with dot above Polish, Maltese
Z̓ z̓ Z with comma above
Ẓ ẓ Z with dot below  
Ẕ ẕ Z with line below  
Ƶ ƶ Z with stroke  
Z with middle tilde  
Z with palatal hook  
Ȥ ȥ Z with hook  
ʐ Z with retroflex hook Voiced retroflex fricative
ʑ Z with curl Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
Ɀ ɀ Z with swash tail Shona
Ⱬ ⱬ Z with descender Uyghur. c.f. Cyrillic: Ҙ ҙ
Ǯ ǯ Ezh with caron  
Ʒ́ ʒ́ Ezh with acute  
Ezh with retroflex hook  
ƺ Ezh with tail  
ʓ Ezh with curl  
Þ́ þ́ Thorn with acute
Þ̣ þ̣ Thorn with dot below
Ꝥ ꝥ Thorn with stroke Medieval abbreviations[3]
Ꝧ ꝧ Thorn with stroke through descender Medieval abbreviations[3]
ƻ Two with stroke  
Ꜯ ꜯ Cuatrillo with comma Mayan glottalized alveolar affricate /tsˀ/
ʡ Glottal stop with stroke Epiglottal plosive
ʢ Reversed glottal stop with stroke Voiced epiglottal fricative

Ligatures and digraphs[edit]

Ligatures and digraphs.

Letter Name Notes
Ꜳ ꜳ AA Medieval Nordic vowel /aː/[3]
Ꜳ́ ꜳ́ AA with acute
Ꜳ̋ ꜳ̋ AA double acute
Ꜳ̇ ꜳ̇ AA with dot above
Ꜳ̈ ꜳ̈ AA with diaeresis
Ꜳ̣ ꜳ̣ AA with dot below
Æ æ AE Ash, Aesc, Near-open front unrounded vowel. cf. Cyrillic: Ӕ ӕ
Ǽ ǽ AE with acute
Æ̀ æ̀ AE with grave
Æ̂ æ̂ AE with circumflex
Æ̌ æ̌ AE with caron
Æ̃ æ̃ AE with tilde
Æ̃́ æ̃́ AE with tilde and acute
Æ̃̀ æ̃̀ AE with tilde and grave
Æ̃̂ æ̃̂ AE with tilde and circumflex
Æ̃̌ æ̃̌ AE with tilde and caron
Æ̋ æ̋ AE with double acute
Æ̆ æ̆ AE with breve
Æ̇ æ̇ AE with dot above
Æ̈ æ̈ AE with diaeresis
Æ̈́ æ̈́ AE with diaeresis and acute
Æ̈̀ æ̈̀ AE with diaeresis and grave
Æ̈̂ æ̈̂ AE with diaeresis and circumflex
Æ̈̌ æ̈̌ AE with diaeresis and caron
Ǣ ǣ AE with macron
Ǣ́ ǣ́ AE with macron and acute
Ǣ̆ ǣ̆ AE with macron and breve
Æ̊ æ̊ AE with ring
Æ᷎ æ᷎ AE with ogonek above
Æ̨ æ̨ AE with ogonek
Ǽ̨ ǽ̨ AE with acute and ogonek
Æ̨̀ æ̨̀ AE with grave and ogonek
Æ̨̂ æ̨̂ AE with circumflex and ogonek
Æ̨̌ æ̨̌ AE with caron and ogonek
Æ̨̈ æ̨̈ AE with diaeresis and ogonek
Ǣ̨ ǣ̨ AE with macron and ogonek
Æ̨̱ æ̨̱ AE with ogonek and line below
Æ̣ æ̣ AE with dot below
Æ̱ æ̱ AE with line below
Æ̱̃ æ̱̃ AE with line below and tilde
Æ̱̈ æ̱̈ AE with line below and diaeresis
Small capital AE  
Turned AE  
Ꜵ ꜵ AO Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/
Ꜵ́ ꜵ́ AO with acute
Ꜵ̋ ꜵ̋ AO with double acute
Ꜵ̣ ꜵ̣ AO with dot below
Ꜷ ꜷ AU Medieval Nordic vowel /au/, /ǫ/, /ø/, and /øː/
Ꜷ́ ꜷ́ AU with acute
Ꜷ̣ ꜷ̣ AU with dot below
Ꜹ ꜹ AV Medieval Nordic vowel /au/, /ǫ/, /ø/, and /øː/
Ꜻ ꜻ AV with horizontal bar Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /ø/, /øː/, and /ęː/
Ꜹ́ ꜹ́ AV with acute
Ꜹ̋ ꜹ̋ AV with double acute
Ꜹ̨ ꜹ̨ AV with ogonek
Ꜹ̣ ꜹ̣ AV with dot below
Ꜻ́ ꜻ́ AV with horizontal bar and acute
Ꜽ ꜽ AY Medieval Nordic vowel /ǫ/, /øː/, and /ey/
Ꜽ̇ ꜽ̇ AY with dot above
Ꜽ̣ ꜽ̣ AY with dot below
ȸ DB digraph Nonstandard symbol for voiced labiodental plosive
DZ Dz dz DZ  
ʣ DZ digraph  
DŽ Dž dž DZ with caron
ʥ DZ digraph with curl  
ʤ Dezh digraph  
Ligature FF  
Ligature FI  
Ligature FL  
ʩ Feng digraph  
IJ ij Ligature IJ Dutch, West Frisian
LJ Lj lj LJ  
Ỻ ỻ Middle-Welsh Ll Medieval Welsh[3]
ʪ LS digraph  
ʫ LZ digraph  
NJ Nj nj NJ  
Œ œ Ligature OE French, Ethel, Open-mid front rounded vowel
Œ́ œ́ Ligature OE with acute
Œ̀ œ̀ Ligature OE with grave
Œ̂ œ̂ Ligature OE with circumflex
Œ̌ œ̌ Ligature OE with caron
Œ̄ œ̄ Ligature OE with macron
Œ̄̆ œ̄̆ Ligature OE with macron and breve
Œ̋ œ̋ Ligature OE with double acute
ɶ Small capital OE Open front rounded vowel
Ꝏ ꝏ OO Medieval Nordic vowel /oː/
Ꝏ́ ꝏ́ OO with acute
Ꝏ̈ ꝏ̈ OO with diaeresis
Ꝏ̋ ꝏ̋ OO with double acute
Ꝏ̣ ꝏ̣ OO with dot below
Turned OE  
ȹ QP digraph Nonstandard symbol for voiceless labiodental plosive
ß Sharp S German eszett
Ligature ST  
Long S-T  
ʨ TC digraph with curl  
TH with strikethrough  
ʦ TS digraph  
ʧ Tesh digraph  
Ꜩ ꜩ TZ Mayan palato-alveolar affricate /ts/
Latin alphabet UE ligature.jpg ue  
Ꝡ ꝡ VY Medieval Nordic vowel /yː/
Ꝡ̈ ꝡ̈ VY with diaeresis
Ꝡ̋ ꝡ̋ VY with double acute
See also

Multigraphs[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ So defined in ISO/IEC 646 (based on ASCII) which was based on the 26 letters of the English alphabet and previous telecommunication standards
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x http://std.dkuug.dk/JTC1/SC2/WG2/docs/n2419.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/N2957.pdf