Ishak Pasha

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Ishak
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
1469–1472
Monarch Mehmet II
Preceded by Rum Mehmed Pasha
Succeeded by Mahmud Pasha Angelovic
In office
1481–1482
Monarch Beyazıt II
Preceded by Karamanlı Mehmet Pasha
Succeeded by Koca Davud Pasha
Personal details
Died 1497
Thessaloniki, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Spouse(s) Hatice Halime Hatun, daughter of İsfendiyar Bey
Military service
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire

Ishak Pasha (Turkish: İşak Paşa; fl. 1469–died 1497) was an Ottoman general, statesman, and later Grand Vizier.[1]

Origin[edit]

Jean-Claude Faveyrial reveals that Ishak Pasha was Albanian.[2] Halil Inalcik believes that Ishak Pasha was created by the confusion between several Ottoman Ishak Pashas (particularly Ishak bin Abdullah and Ishak bin Ibrahim) and Ishak Bey.[3] The confusion can be illustrated with Beltaci's statement that Ishak Pasha was of Croatian or Greek origin and that he served three different sultans.[3]

Career[edit]

In circa 1451 he was appointed as the beylerbeyi of Anatolia;the same year,the newly-ascended-to-the-throne Sultan Mehmet II ("the Conqueror") forced him to marry his father Murad II's widow Hatice Halime Hatun.[4] [5] [6]

His first term as a grand vizier was during the reign of Mehmet II. During this term, he transferred Turkmen people from their Anatolian city of Aksaray to newly conquered Constantinople in order to populate the city, which had lost a portion of its former population prior to the 1453 conquest. The quarter of the city where the Aksaray migrants was settled is now called Aksaray.[7]

His second term was during the reign of Beyazıt II. He died in 1497 in Thessaloniki.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Radushev, Evg (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 228. 
  2. ^ Faveyrial, Jean-Claude (1888). Histoire de l'Albanie (in French). archives of the House of the Lazarite Missionaries in Paris. p. 215. [1]
  3. ^ a b Théoharis Stavrides (2001). The Sultan of Vezirs: The Life and Times of the Ottoman Grand Vezir Mahmud Pasha Angelović (1453-1474). BRILL. p. 64. ISBN 978-90-04-12106-5. Retrieved 24 September 2013. There is considerable confusion regarding Ishak Pasha [...] Ishak Pasha was of Greek or Croatian origins 
  4. ^ John Freely (February 28, 2009). The Grand Turk: Sultan Mehmet II - Conqueror of Constantinople, Master of an Empire and Lord of Two Seas. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0-857-73022-0. 
  5. ^ Bruce D. Thatcher (June 25, 2011). Adamant Aggressors: How to Recognize and Deal with Them. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 978-1-462-89195-5. 
  6. ^ Franz Babinger (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-01078-6. 
  7. ^ Ayhan Buz: Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Kitap, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 978-975-254-278-5 P.22

Further reading[edit]

  • Danişmend, İsmail Hâmi (1961), Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, İstanbul:Türkiye Yayınevi.
  • Tektaş, Nazım (2002), Sadrazamlar-Osmanlı'da İkinci Adam Saltanatı, İstanbul:Çatı Kitapları.
Political offices
Preceded by
Rum Mehmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1469–1472
Succeeded by
Mahmud Pasha Angelovic
Preceded by
Karamanlı Mehmet Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1481–1482
Succeeded by
Koca Davud Pasha