Ōme, Tokyo

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Ōme
青梅市
Ōme City Hall
Ōme City Hall
Flag of Ōme
Official seal of Ōme
Location of Ōme in Tokyo
Location of Ōme in Tokyo
Ōme is located in Japan
Ōme
Ōme
 
Coordinates: 35°47′16.7″N 139°16′33″E / 35.787972°N 139.27583°E / 35.787972; 139.27583Coordinates: 35°47′16.7″N 139°16′33″E / 35.787972°N 139.27583°E / 35.787972; 139.27583
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorKeiichi Hamanaka (from November 2015)
Area
 • Total103.31 km2 (39.89 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2021)
 • Total131,895
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeCryptomeria japonica
• FlowerPrunus mume
• BirdCettia diphone
Phone number0428-22-111
Address1-11-1 Higashi-ome, Ome-shi, Tokyo 198-8701
WebsiteOfficial website
Mitake shrine
Mitakesan chairlift
OmeRailwayPark
Shiofune Kannon-ji

Ōme (青梅市, Ōme-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo, Japan. As of 1 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 131,895 in 63,917 households, and a population density of 1300 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the city is 103.31 square kilometres (39.89 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Ōme is located in the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo, bordered by Saitama Prefecture to the north. The Tama River runs from west to east almost in the center of the city area, and the Kasumi River and Naruki River, which are tributaries of the Iruma River (Arakawa River system), also flow from west to east in the north. The geography changes from the flat land in the east to the hills and mountains in the west. The highest point is 1,084 meters on Mount Nabewariyama on the right bank of the Tama River in the western end of the city.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Tokyo Metropolis

Saitama Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Ōme has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ōme is 12.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1998 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.7 °C.[2]

Climate data for Ōme (1981 - 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77.0)
32.7
(90.9)
34.7
(94.5)
35.7
(96.3)
38.5
(101.3)
38.0
(100.4)
36.8
(98.2)
31.3
(88.3)
26.4
(79.5)
26.2
(79.2)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.4
(48.9)
12.5
(54.5)
18.4
(65.1)
22.5
(72.5)
25.0
(77.0)
28.8
(83.8)
30.4
(86.7)
26.1
(79.0)
20.7
(69.3)
15.7
(60.3)
11.3
(52.3)
19.1
(66.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
3.7
(38.7)
6.9
(44.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.0
(62.6)
20.4
(68.7)
24.1
(75.4)
25.5
(77.9)
21.6
(70.9)
15.9
(60.6)
10.2
(50.4)
5.3
(41.5)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
1.6
(34.9)
7.0
(44.6)
12.0
(53.6)
16.5
(61.7)
20.4
(68.7)
21.6
(70.9)
18.0
(64.4)
11.8
(53.2)
5.4
(41.7)
0.1
(32.2)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−9.2
(15.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.5
(38.3)
8.9
(48.0)
12.5
(54.5)
15.5
(59.9)
8.0
(46.4)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
−9.2
(15.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.2
(1.74)
48.5
(1.91)
89.6
(3.53)
108.9
(4.29)
120.0
(4.72)
161.5
(6.36)
183.1
(7.21)
227.7
(8.96)
237.1
(9.33)
170.0
(6.69)
78.0
(3.07)
39.3
(1.55)
1,507.8
(59.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.5 5.3 9.6 9.6 10.8 13.1 13.5 11.2 13.1 10.4 6.8 4.1 112
Mean monthly sunshine hours 186.1 175.0 172.1 177.4 167.4 119.5 136.5 166.2 122.2 133.3 152.2 180.6 1,888.6
Source 1: Japan Meteorological Agency
Source 2: 観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Ōme increased rapidly in the 1970s and 1980s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 33,097—    
1930 37,422+13.1%
1940 39,231+4.8%
1950 53,166+35.5%
1960 56,896+7.0%
1970 70,954+24.7%
1980 98,990+39.5%
1990 125,960+27.2%
2000 141,394+12.3%
2010 139,232−1.5%

History[edit]

The area of present-day Ōme was part of ancient Musashi Province. Ōme developed in the Edo period as a post station on the Ōme Kaidō highway. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Nishitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The town of Ōme was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of modern municipalities system. Nishitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Ōme was elevated to city status on April 1, 1951 by merging with the neighboring villages of Kasumi and Chōfu. Later in 1955, four additional villages (Yoshida, Mita, Kosoki, and Nariki) merged with Ōme.

Government[edit]

Ōme has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 24 members. Ōme contributes one member to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 25th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Education[edit]

  • Meisei University - Ōme campus
  • Ōme has 17 public elementary schools and 11 public middle schools operated by the city government. The city has two public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education. Tokyo Metropolis also operates one special education school for then handicapped.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

JR logo (east).svg JR EastŌme Line

Highway[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ōme city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Ōme climate data
  3. ^ Ōme population statistics
  4. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 1 July 2016.

External links[edit]