Iruma City Hall
Location of Iruma in Saitama Prefecture
|• Total||44.69 km2 (17.25 sq mi)|
|Population (February 2016)|
|• Density||3,320/km2 (8,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|- Flower||Camellia sinensis|
|- Bird||Eurasian skylark|
|Address||1-16-1toyooka, Iruma-shi, Saitama-ken 358-8511|
Iruma (入間市 Iruma-shi?) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, in the central Kantō region of Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 148,460 and a population density of 3,320 persons per km². Its total area was 44.69 square kilometres (17.25 sq mi).
Located in the Satama Highlands of far southern Saitama Prefecture, Iruma is bordered by Tokyo to the south. The Iruma River flows through the city.
Iruma developed as a series of three post towns on the Nikkō Wakiōkan highway during the Edo period. The town of Toyooka and villages of Kaneko, Miyadera, Fujisawa and Higashikaneko were created within Iruma District, Saitama with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The Imperial Japanese Army Air Academy established an airfield in the area in 1938, which later developed into Iruma Air Base. On April 1, 1954 Higashikaneko became Seibu Town. On September 30, 1956, Toyooka, Kaneko, Miyadera, Fujisawa and Seibu merged to form the town of Musashi. Musashi was elevated to city status on November 1, 1966, becoming the city of Iruma.
Iruma has a mixed economy with numerous industrial parks for light manufacturing and also serves as a regional commercial center. Due to its location, it is also a bedroom community for people commuting to the Tokyo metropolis for work. In terms of agriculture, Iruma and neighboring Sayama are famous for the green tea they produce.
- Musashino Academia Musicae – Iruma campus
- Iruma has 16 public elementary schools, 11 public and one private middle school, and two public and four private high schools.
- JR East - Hachikō Line
- Seibu Railway - Seibu Ikebukuro Line
- Ken-O Expressway
- Japan National Route 16
- Japan National Route 299
- Japan National Route 463
- Japan National Route 407
- Japan National Route 468
- Iruma Air Base, located in Iruma and the neighboring the city of Sayama is a facility of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. The base holds an open house annually in early November. This air base was formerly known as Johnson Air Base while under the control of the United States Air Force.
Twin towns and sister cities
Iruma is twinned with:
- Sado, Niigata, Japan (1986)
- Wolfratshausen, Germany, since October 14, 1987
- Fenghua, Zhejiang, China, friendship city since May 16, 2000
- Iruma City Museum
Noted people from Iruma
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iruma, Saitama.|
- Official website (Japanese)