Glottal stop (letter)
The symbol ⟨ʔ⟩ is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used to represent a glottal stop in several phonetic transcription schemes, as well as in the alphabets of some languages. A superscript version, ⟨ˀ⟩, is also used.
Where the glottal stop character is not available, it is sometimes replaced by a question mark ⟨?⟩, which is also its official representation in SAMPA, and to which it bears a striking resemblance. When writing the Squamish language, the character is often replaced by the number ⟨7⟩.
In phonetic transcription as well as in several languages, a single, tall glyph is used in all situations, with no distinction between uppercase and lowercase. However, in the Chipewyan, Dogrib, and Slavey languages, the tall version is only used for the uppercase, and a short version is used for the lowercase.
- Americanist phonetic notation — either ˀ or ʔ.
- Transcription of Australian Aboriginal languages — occasionally ʔ.
- International Phonetic Alphabet — ʔ only.
- Uralic Phonetic Alphabet — ˀ only.
- Languages of Canada
In Unicode 1.0, only the tall version and superscript version were included. In version 4.1 (2005), an uppercase character was added, and the existing tall glottal stop was redefined as its lowercase. Finally, in version 5.0 (2006) it was decided to separate the cased and caseless usages, assigning separate characters to each.
|Unicode name||LATIN LETTER
|LATIN CAPITAL LETTER
|LATIN SMALL LETTER
|UTF-8||202 148||CA 94||203 128||CB 80||201 129||C9 81||201 130||C9 82|
|Numeric character reference||ʔ||ʔ||ˀ||ˀ||Ɂ||Ɂ||ɂ||ɂ|
- "Proposal to add LATIN SMALL LETTER GLOTTAL STOP to the UCS" (PDF). 2005-08-10. Retrieved 2013-11-04.