17th century in Wales
|16th century | 1700s | Other years in Wales|
|Other events of the century|
Princes of Wales
- Henry (1610-1612)
- Charles (later Charles I) (1616-1625)
- Charles (later Charles II) (1630-1649)
- James (1688)
Princesses of Wales
- June - John Salusbury is knighted by Queen Elizabeth I of England for his assistance in suppressing the Essex Rebellion.
- October - The "Wrexham riot" occurs, when supporters of Sir John Salusbury are involved in violent clashes with surviving Essex supporters led by Sir Richard Trevor.
- December - Sir John Salusbury becomes MP for Denbighshire.
- James Price (of Pilleth) becomes High Sheriff of Radnorshire for the first time.
- William Morgan, Bishop of Llandaff, becomes Bishop of St Asaph.
- 17 July - The Lord Lieutenancy of Monmouthshire is separated from that of Wales and is held by Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester.
- Sir Richard Bulkeley is appointed to the Council of Wales and the Marches.
- Sir Edmund Morgan (of Llandaff) is High Sheriff of Monmouthshire.
- 27 February - Roger Brereton of Borras becomes MP for Flint.
- Carmarthen is made a county corporate by charter of King James I of England.
- Thomas Myddelton becomes Sheriff of London.
- John Davies becomes rector of Mallwyd.
- Sir Richard Bulkeley is elected MP for Anglesey.
- 8 March - Sir Eubule Thelwall is appointed steward and recorder of Ruthin for life.
- The earldom of Montgomery is created for Philip Herbert, a favourite of King James I of England.
- 12 April - A new Union Flag is created by royal decree to mark the union between England and Scotland; Wales is not represented in the design.
- 31 October - John Griffith, later MP for Beaumaris, matriculates at Brasenose College, Oxford, aged 15.
- Hawarden High School is founded as a single-classroom grammar school with £300 left by local resident George Ledsham.
- William Spurstow, MP, is instrumental in the passing of a Bill to relieve Welsh cloth from the need to have a seal of content.
- A storm buries the village of St Ismail near modern-day Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire.
- 30 January - Bristol Channel floods cause devastation on the Welsh coast, from Laugharne in Carmarthenshire to above Chepstow in Monmouthshire. Cardiff was the most badly affected town, with the foundations of St Mary's Church destroyed.
- 26 March - Peter Mutton is granted the reversion of the office of Attorney General in Wales and Shropshire, Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Cheshire, and Flintshire for life.
- 11 May - Marriage of Blanche Somerset, daughter of the Earl of Worcester, and Thomas Arundell, 2nd Baron Arundell of Wardour.
- Serious outbreak of plague in Conwy.
- Walter Jones, of a family of Welsh wool merchants, begins the construction of Chastleton House in Oxfordshire.
- 7 November - Charles Vaughan (of Porthamal) is knighted.
- 26 November - Peter Wynne, a member of Captain Christopher Newport's exploration party to the villages of the Eastern Siouan Monacan above the falls of the James River in Virginia, writes to John Egerton, 1st Earl of Bridgewater, informing him that some members of Newport's party believe the pronunciation of the Monacans' language resembles "Welch", and have asked Wynne to act as interpreter.
- Richard Wynn, the future 2nd Baronet, enters the service of the Lord Chamberlain in London.
- 4 June - Henry Stuart is created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
- date unknown
- Plas Teg is built by Sir John Trevor near the village of Pontblyddyn, Flintshire.
- The Old Church of St Gwenllwyfo, Llanwenllwyfo, undergoes restoration work, as shown by the date of the oak screen and pulpit.
- Ewenny Pottery started.
- Approximate date of Kennixton Farmhouse, now located at St Fagans National History Museum near Cardiff.
- 29 June - Creation of the Wynn Baronetcy for Sir John Wynn.
- William Lewis Annwill, of the Anwyl of Tywyn Family, has his pedigree certified by William Hughes and John Davies.
- John Jones of Gellilyfdy is placed in a debtors' prison in London.
- Sir Thomas Button winters at the mouth of the Nelson River in Canada, naming it after the ship's sailing master, who had died.
- 29 September - Official opening of the New River, supplying London with fresh water. Sir Hugh Myddelton, who has been instrumental in its creation, is the brother of Sir Thomas Myddelton, Lord Mayor of London in the same year.
- 26 December - The will of haberdasher William Jones leaves "nyne thousand pounds to the Company of Haberdashers of London to ordain a Preacher, a Free School and Alms houses for twenty poor and distressed people, as blind and lame as it shall seem best to them, of the Town of Monmouth, where it shall be bestowed". Monmouth School and the Monmouth Alms Houses are among the establishments founded as a result.
- Marmaduke Lloyd becomes King's Attorney for the Marches and is appointed to the Council of Wales and the Marches.
- Wye Bridge, Monmouth, is rebuilt in stone.
- November - Charles Stuart is created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, four years after the death of his elder brother.
- Thomas Gerard, 1st Baron Gerard, is appointed President of the Council of Wales and the Marches, replacing Ralph Eure, 3rd Baron Eure.
- William Compton, 1st Earl of Northampton, becomes President of the Council of Wales and the Marches.
- Sir Richard Wynn, 2nd Baronet, becomes Groom of the Bedchamber to Charles, Prince of Wales, retaining the position until the prince becomes King Charles I in 1625.
- Richard Whitbourne is recruited by William Vaughan to govern his new colony of Cambriol.
- John Griffith is appointed High Sheriff of Caernarvonshire. Sir John Wynn, 1st Baronet, becomes Custos Rotulorum of Caernarvonshire.
- Mostyn Colliery is recorded as being worth in the region of £700 annually to the Mostyn family, which suggests a fairly substantial output.
- Bishop William Morgan's Bible translation into Welsh is revised by Bishop Richard Parry and John Davies (Mallwyd) as Y Bibl Cyssegr-lan, published in London.
- William Vaughan arrives in Cambriol to begin a stay of three years, during which he writes The Golden Fleece.
- Sir Richard Wynn, 2nd Baronet, is one of the party accompanying the Prince of Wales to Spain. His account of the journey was published a century later.
- June - Sir Sackville Trevor serves with distinction in the expedition to La Rochelle led by George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.
- September - Sir Sackville Trevor leads a flotilla that blockaded the mouth of the Elbe in support of the land force sent under Sir Charles Morgan to assist King Christian IV of Denmark.
- The three-arch stone bridge, Pont Fawr, at Llanrwst is built by Sir John Wynn of Gwydir Castle; its design is attributed to Inigo Jones.
- Bont Fawr at Dolgellau built.
- Abergavenny receives its charter of incorporation.
- date unknown - Godfrey Goodman, Bishop of Gloucester, is imprisoned for 5 weeks for refusing to sign the oath known as the Laudian canons.
- September - Vavasor Powell leads a march of eighty men to Machynlleth.
- 9 November - Thomas Myddelton takes Farndon Bridge at Holt on behalf of Parliament.
- January - Thomas Fairfax breaks the six-week siege of Nantwich.
- September - The first battle of the English Civil War on Welsh soil takes place at Montgomery.
- Thomas Bulkeley is created 1st Viscount Bulkeley in recognition of his service to the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
- Roch Castle is captured by Parliament; the owner's daughter, Lucy Walter, flees to London and thence to The Hague.
- 4 February - Jeremy Taylor is among the Royalist prisoners taken during the siege of Cardigan Castle.
- June - King Charles I of England begins a tour of South Wales, in the wake of his defeat at the Battle of Naseby, to rally support.
- 16 July - King Charles I dines with the Morgans at Tredegar Park.
- 25 July - King Charles I is entertained by the Morgans of Ruperra Castle.
- 5 August - King Charles I visits Colonel Edward Prichard at Llancaiach Fawr.
- September - King Charles I visits Denbigh.
- 19 August - Raglan Castle surrenders to Parliamentary forces.
- October - Colonel William Salusbury surrenders Denbigh Castle to Parliamentary forces, with the king's written permission.
- Barrister William Philipps buys the island of Skokholm for £300.
- 19 January - Holt Castle surrenders to Parliamentary forces after an 11-month siege.
- 16 March - Harlech Castle surrenders to Parliamentary forces, the last Royalist stronghold of the English Civil War on mainland Britain.
- date unknown - Katherine Fowler ("Orinda") marries James Philips of Cardigan Priory.
- January - Thomas Wogan and John Jones Maesygarnedd are among the signatories to the death warrant of King Charles I.
- April - Rowland Laugharne, John Poyer and Rice Powell, former Parliamentary commanders, are condemned to death for their role in the rebellion leading to the Battle of St Fagans. They draw lots and the sentence is carried out only on Colonel Poyer.
- 9 April - Lucy Walter, mistress of the Prince of Wales, gives birth to the future Duke of Monmouth.
- Aberystwyth Castle slighted by Commonwealth troops.
- 22 February - The Act for the better propagation and preaching of the Gospel in Wales is passed by Parliament, resulting in the ejection of dissident clergymen and creating English-language schools.
- George Fox visits Dolgellau, resulting in the foundation of a local Quaker community, led by Rowland Ellis.
- Jenkin Jones becomes minister at Llanddetty.
- 5 August - Booth's Rebellion proclaims Charles II as King. Its leaders include Thomas Myddelton of Chirk Castle.
- 19 August - Booth's forces take Chester.
- 23 July - Creation of the Aubrey baronets of Llantrithead
- 17 October - Hugh Lloyd becomes Bishop of Llandaff.
- William Philipps is elected MP for Haverfordwest.
- At about this date, Elizabeth Cromwell (widow of Oliver) retires to Wales.
- Henry Walter and Charles Edwards are among the ministers ejected as a result of the Act of Uniformity.
- Baptist leader John Myles takes the Ilston Book with him when he and his whole congregation emigrate to North America, where they found the First Baptist Church in Swansea.
- Bangor Bridge built at Bangor-on-Dee.
- Thomas Wogan, former Parliamentary commander and regicide, escapes from York Castle and flees to the Netherlands.
- 17 June - Land for a Friends meeting house at The Pales in Powys is acquired; by the early 21st century it will be Wales's oldest in continuous use.
- The gardens of Bodysgallen Hall are laid out.
- 17 November - During the Popish Plot John Arnold of Monmouthshire captures Jesuit priest David Lewis at St Michael's Church, Llantarnam.
- 27 August - Father David Lewis (b. 1616) is hanged at Usk for high treason. He will be canonized in 1970.
- 30 August - A group of Welsh settlers, including Thomas Wynne, set sail for Pennsylvania.
- 14 September - Bishop Gore School is founded in Swansea by Bishop Hugh Gore.
- Rowland Ellis and his fellow Quakers leave Wales for Pennsylvania to avoid religious persecution.
- 10 December - Mary of Modena, queen consort of King James II of England, flees to France, taking with her the six-month-old James Francis Edward Stuart, Prince of Wales.
- The chief officers of the corporation of Abergavenny refuse to take the oath of allegiance to King William III, and the town's charter is annulled.
- Blast furnace at Coed Ithel.
- 7 January - Following the death of the incumbent, Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, the Lord Lieutenancy of Wales is divided between North and South Wales.
- 7 March - Sir John Trevor, Speaker of the House of Commons, is found guilty of taking a bribe and expelled from the Commons.
- Pont Cysylltau built.
- Bryn Celli Ddu is plundered by grave robbers.
- American-born East India merchant Elihu Yale returns to his family home at Plas Grono near Wrexham where he spends much of the rest of his life.
Arts and literature
- John Davies of Hereford - Microcosmos
- 'P.G.' - A most strange and true report of a monsterous fish, who appeared in the forme of a woman, from her waste upwards
- Wiliam Midleton - Psalmae y brenhinol brophwyd Dafydh
- George Owen of Henllys - The Description of Pembrokeshire
- Lewis Bayly - Practice of Piety
- Lewis Dwnn - Heraldic Visitations of the Three Counties of North Wales above Conway
- "R.A., Gent." (Robert Anton, Robert Aylett or Robert Armin?) - The Valiant Welshman, or the true Chronicle History of the Life and Valiant Deedes of Caradoc the Great, King of Cambria, now called Wales. As it hath beene sundry times acted by the Prince of Wales his Servants
- Rhosier Smyth - Gorsedd y Byd
- Edmwnd Prys - Salmau Cân
- Rowland Vaughan - Yr Ymarfer o Dduwioldeb
- John Davies (Mallwyd) - Dictionarium duplex
- Henry Vaughan - 'Olor Iscanus
- Alexander Griffith
- Strena Vavasoriensis; or, a New Year's Gift for the Welsh Itinerants. Or an Hue and Cry after Mr. Vavasor Powell, Metropolitan of the Itinerants, and one of the Executioners of the Gospel by Colour of the late Act for the Propagation thereof in Wales
- True and Perfect Relation of the whole Transaction concerning the Petition of the Six Counties of South Wales, and the County of Monmouth
- Jeremy Taylor - Golden Grove; or a Manuall of daily prayers and letanies . .
- Morgan Llwyd - Gair o'r Gair
- Morgan Llwyd - Yr Ymroddiad
- Rowland Vaughan - Yr Arfer o Weddi yr Arglwydd
- Rowland Vaughan - Evchologia: neu Yr Athrawiaeth i arferol weddio
- James Lewis, MP for Cardiganshire
- date unknown Richard Jones, Anglican priest and writer (d. c.1655)
- 4 May - Sir Hugh Owen, 1st Baronet, politician (d. 1670)
- date unknown
- probable - Richard Herbert, 2nd Baron Herbert of Chirbury, Royalist soldier and politician (d. 1655)
- 14 March - Francis Davies, Bishop of Llandaff (d. 1675)
- date unknown - Herbert Price, politician (d. 1678)
- probable - John Edwards (Siôn Treredyn), priest and translator (d. 1656)
- date unknown - Kenrick Eyton, lawyer and politician (d. 1681)
- date unknown - Robert Morgan, Bishop of Bangor (d. 1673)
- July/August - Humphrey Lloyd, Bishop of Bangor (d. 1689)
- date unknown
- date unknown - Henry Walter, Puritan priest (d. c.1678)
- 2 February - William Thomas, Bishop of St David's (d. 1689)
- date unknown - Henry Vaughan the younger, MP (d. 1676)
- date unknown - Vavasor Powell, religious writer (d. 1670)
- approx. date - William Maurice, antiquary (d. 1680)
- date unknown - William Williams, politician (d. 1700)
- 5 April - Elihu Yale, founder of Yale University (d. 1721)
- 9 April - James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, son of the future King Charles II of England and Lucy Walter (d. 1685)
- date unknown - Henry Rowlands, antiquary (d. 1723)
- date unknown - Ellis Wynne, priest and author (d. 1734)
- date unknown - William Jones, mathematician (d. 1749)
- 1 March - Caroline of Ansbach, future Princess of Wales (d. 1737)
- 10 November - Prince George of Hanover, future Prince of Wales (d. 1760)
- early - Griffith Jones, religious minister and educationalist (d. 1761)
- February - Theophilus Evans, historian (d. 1767)
- date unknown - Marged ferch Ifan, harpist and wrestler (d. 1793)
- 8 March – William Morgan the elder, of Tredegar, politician (d. 1731)
- date unknown - Guto Nyth Brân, legendary athlete (d. 1737)
- probable – Lewis Evans, surveyor (d. 1756)
- 19 January - Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Lord President of Wales, about 63
- 13 March - Gelli Meyrick, executed for his part in Essex's rebellion, about 45
- 17 June - Gabriel Goodman, Dean of Westminster, 72
- date unknown - Owen Holland, MP for Anglesey
- 3 April - Siôn Tudur, Welsh language poet, about 80
- date unknown - Francis Bevans, Principal of Jesus College, Oxford
- 10 September - Bishop William Morgan, Bible translator
- date unknown - Meredith Hanmer, controversialist, historian, and translator, about 60
- 19 January - Anne Morgan, Baroness Hunsdon
- 30 March - Richard Vaughan, Bishop of London, about 57
- date unknown - Thomas Lewis (of Harpton), politician
- 26 March - John Dee, mathematician and occultist
- July - Hugh Hughes, politician
- date unknown
- 17 May - Gervase Babington, Bishop of Llandaff 1591-94
- 10 December - John Roberts, Catholic martyr (executed)
- probable - Edward James, priest and translator
- 24 July - Sir John Salusbury, poet and politician, 45
- 6 November - Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, 18
- date unknown - Robert Parry, poet, romancier and translator
- 26 August - George Owen of Henllys, antiquary, 61
- 4 September - John Williams, principal of Jesus College, Oxford
- date unknown - Owen ap Hugh, MP for Newborough
- January - William Jones, haberdasher and philanthropist
- 12 April - William Lower, astronomer, 45
- date unknown - George Lloyd, Bishop of Chester
- date unknown - Henry Perry, linguistic scholar and priest
- June - Griffith Powell, principal of Jesus College, Oxford
- date unknown - John Owen, epigrammatist
- probable - Sir Sackville Trevor, sea captain
- date unknown - John Lougher, MP for Pembroke
- August - William Vaughan, writer and colonist
- 30 January - Charles I of England, former Prince of Wales, 48 (executed)
- 24 April - John Poyer, rebel commander (executed)
- 25 March - John Williams, Archbishop of York, 68
- March/April - Thomas Howell (Bishop of Bristol), 62
- September/October - Lucy Walter, former mistress of King Charles II
- 13 August - Sir Owen Wynn, 3rd Baronet, 68
- 13 October (or 17) - John Jones Maesygarnedd, regicide (executed)
- 2 November - Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, son of Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, and Barbara Gamage
- 21 December - John Parry, Bishop of Ossory
- 10 March - Francis Howell, Principal of Jesus College, Oxford, 54
- 13 April - Sir Thomas Morgan, 1st Baronet, soldier, 75
- 22 July - Philip Evans and John Lloyd, Roman Catholic priests (executed at Cardiff)
- 27 March - William Maurice, antiquary (b. c.1620)
- 28 April - William Morgan (of Machen and Tredegar), politician
- 24 August - John Owen, theologian. 67?
- 29 August - Philip Herbert, 7th Earl of Pembroke
- date unknown - Edward Vaughan (MP)
- 6 February - King Charles II of England, former Prince of Wales, 54
- 15 July - James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, son of King Charles II and Lucy Walter, 36 (executed)
- 1 September - Sir Leoline Jenkins, academic, jurist and politician, 60
- 3 December - Richard Vaughan, 2nd Earl of Carbery, Carmarthenshire landowner, politician and soldier
- 2 June - William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis, 69
- 7 September - John Powell, judge
- 23 December - Sir William Williams, 6th Baronet, politician
- date unknown - Samuel Jones, Nonconformist minister, 69
- 27 June - Hugh Owen, Independent minister, 60?
- 11 July - William Williams, Speaker of the House of Commons, 66
- September – Sir John Aubrey, 2nd Baronet, politician
- 8 December - Edward Harley, politician, 76
- 16 December - Thomas Morgan (of Dderw), politician, 36 (smallpox)
- W R Williams The Parliamentary History of the Principality of Wales
- W R Williams Parliamentary History of the Principality of Wales
- W R Williams The Parliamentary History of the Principality of Wales
- Disney, Michael (4 January 2005). "Britain had its own big waves - 400 years ago". The Times. London. Retrieved 20 February 2008.
- "A Short Guide to Chastleton House", by Oliver Garnett, for The National Trust, 1997.
- Mullaney, Steven The Place of Stager University of Michigan Press 1995 ISBN 978-0-472-08346-6 p. 163 
- Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire (1968) . "Llanwenllwfyo". An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Anglesey. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 114–115.
- Historical Buildings – St Fagans: National History Museum – Kennixton Farmhouse. Accessed 27 September 2013
- Robert Hood, C. Stuart Houston (1994). To the Arctic by Canoe, 1819-1821: The Journal and Paintings of Robert Hood, Midshipman with Franklin. Google Books. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-7735-1222-1. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
Port Nelson, on the north shore of the peninsula and only twelve miles from York Factory, preceded York as an H.B.C. post in 1682-83. It is at the mouth of the Nelson River, discovered by Sir Thomas Button in 1612 and named after Button's sailing master, who died on the voyage.
- Camden New Journal article, "Water a lot of history we have on tap" (11 December 2003)
- West Monmouth School: history
- W R Williams The Parliamentary History of the Principality of Wales
- The History of the British Coal Industry: Vol. 1 - Before 1700; John Hatcher, 1993, p. 132
- Fisher, Deborah (2010). Royal Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 978-0-7083-2214-7.
- "1647". BCW Project. 2014-03-10. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
- "Civil War". Wales History. BBC. 2014. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
- Kelsey, Sean (January 2006) . "Booth, George, first Baron Delamer (1622–1684)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2877. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Jesse, John Heneage (1846). Memoirs of the Court of England, from the Revolution in 1688 to the death of George the Second. 3 (2nd ed.). London: R. Bentley. p. 151.
- Brown University
- "Rhydwilym Baptist Chapel". Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- Cordingly, David (1996). Under the Black Flag: The Romance and Reality of Life Among the Pirates. New York: Random House. pp. 48, 50. ISBN 978-0-8129-7722-6. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "History of The Pales". The Pales. 2010. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
- Jeaffreson, John Cordy (1867). A Book about Lawyers. G.W. Carleton. pp. 106–109.
- "17th Century Speaker's downfall". BBC News. 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "Monsterous Fish". Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
- "Colonel Morgan Morgan Reunion". colmorganmorganreunion.org. Descendants Of Morgan Morgan. 2009.
- Roberts, R. Julian (2004). "Dee, John (1527–1609)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7418. Retrieved 2012-02-13. (subscription or UK public library membership required)